Until recently, few sport anglers had discovered the special techniques required to catch lake whitefish, but this situation is changing, and any angler who has learned to fish whitefish successfully will find it well worth the effort. When fishing, anglers can expect to catch a variety of fish including Black Bullhead, Bluegill, Brown Bullhead, Green Sunfish, Largemouth Bass, Northern Pike, Rock Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Walleye, Yellow Bullhead, Yellow Perch, Pumpkinseed,. Table 1. He decided to use it to produce a popular native species, lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis), which was experiencing a sharp decline in the wild. The lake whitefish is a member of the salmon family, as can be noted by the presence of the adipose fin and pelvic axillary process. A current research project within MDIFW is attempting to better understand the exact mechanisms that are driving the whitefish-smelt interaction, and find ways to mitigate the problems and inform whitefish recovery efforts. While overfishing once plummeted the populations of this fish, it has recovered with the implementation of fishery management. The numbers on the top, from left to right, reflect the steps used in the key used to identify putative designatable units (DUs). These low smelt numbers appear to have reduced the level of smelt-whitefish interaction and resulted in encouraging levels of whitefish reproduction. Our boats are set up for trolling, jigging or casting. Read on to learn about the Lake Whitefish. However, this species also faces threat from the sea lamprey. Whitefish spawn in November and December, usually in the shallows. They catch most of their prey along the bottom of the lake or pond. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. The fins are white and the tail has a dark-edge.The lake whitefish is occasionally referred to as “humpback” because the head is small in relation to the length of the body. Whitefish Lake is located in Crow Wing County, Minnesota. The back may be dark brown to black in some inland lake specimens. In the spring, they swim into shallow water, return to deep water in summer, back to shallow in the fall to spawn, and back to deep in the winter. This lake is 7,716 acres in size. You can catch them with live bait or a jigging spoon, either in … The mouth is subterminal and the snout protrudes beyond it. However, Kottelat’s handbook clearly referred to a specimen, held at the Natural History Museum of Geneva, which had been designated as “Balchen” by Fatio in 1885. Once a year these fish return to the shallows to spawn. They only mate every two years or less frequently, making it even more imperative that anglers abide by the fishing regulations for these ancient creatures. People eat their meat, and also eat their eggs as caviar. The tail is deeply forked and they have an adipose fin. A number of lakes contain populations of "dwarf" size fish where mature adult whitefish attain lengths of only 6-8 inches. Whitefish Lake is 712 hectares with a maximum depth of 18.9 meters and a mean depth of 8.1 meters. During spawning, the females swim to the surface of the water and release their eggs. The boxes show DUs identified for each of these steps. It is believed that the emergence of dwarf whitefish represents a fascinating example of the formation of a new species, which can take advantage of an ecological niche within certain waters that normal lake whitefish do not occupy. Fishing Tips: Whitefish are most effectively caught by fishing through the ice using small baited jigs. The “Kropfer”, a Lake Thun deep-water whitefish, has been known for the past 20 years as Coregonus alpinus, in accordance with Kottelat’s “European freshwater fishes”. 41 State House Station CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Whitefish is known for its' ski resorts. Recent age analysis using sagittal otoliths (an inner ear bone) has shown whitefish in many populations living for 20-30 years. Lines connecting DUs reflect different stages of the decision process. As indicators of habitat quality, lake whitefish fulfill an important ecological role and should be protected. In fact, when you purchase “Whitefish” in grocery stores, this is typically the species you buy. A Lake Whitefish species complex DU decision chart. Management: Lake whitefish populations have suffered massive declines over the past 50 years or so. Appendix A: Fish New Hampshire Wildlife Action Plan Appendix A Fish-65 Lake Whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis Federal Listing State SC Listing Global Rank State Rank S3 Regional Status High Photo by Submitted by angler Justification (Reason for Concern in NH) The lake whitefish is considered vulnerable in New Hampshire, and is believed to be limited to 6 water bodies in the state. Their closest relatives include trout, salmon, grayling, char, and more. Species Profile: Lake Whitefish, Coregonus clupeaformis. Identification: Overall coloration is silvery dark brown to black on the back, becoming silvery on the sides and silvery white below. It grows quite large to keep in a home aquarium, and honestly does not have any interesting qualities as a pet. The lake whitefish is a member of the salmon family, as can be noted by the presence of the adipose fin and pelvic axillary process. These fish mainly live on the floor of rivers or lakes, spanning primarily across northern United States and Southern Canada. The lake also ha… Lake Whitefish – Another Great Lake species, this fish is important to commercial fishermen. On average, this fish measures about 20 in. This species has also never been transplanted elsewhere, and occurs nowhere else in the world (Sigler and Sigler 1987). Despite the fact that freshwater rivers and lakes represent only about 1 percent of the world's water, more than 41 percent of all fish species are found there. Alert: Stay up to date on Maine's COVID-19 Response, Home → Fish & Wildlife → Fisheries → Species Information → Lake Whitefish. Most of the population lives in freshwater habitats, but some also occupy brackish water as well. Over an 8-hour period, four of us hooked well over 20 whitefish and a few lake trout on just three of Don’s numerous spots. But in the last decade, state biologists say fishers are harvesting about a third of what they used to get. People refer to this species by a number of other names, including gizzard fish, common whitefish, Great Lakes whitefish, inland whitefish, and more. Game Qualities Average. It occupies cold northern regions in freshwater habitats. The lake whitefish is slender, elongated species with a mouth that is subterminal and a snout that protrudes beyond it. Cape whitefish, Pseudobarbus capensis, a cyprinid; Beluga sturgeon, Huso huso; Caspian kutum, also called "White Fish" or "Caspian White Fish"; The chimaerae species: Australian ghost shark; Ogilby's ghostshark; Freshwater whitefish, members of the subfamily Coregoninae in the family Salmonidae, including: . Its dorsal fin sits midway down its broad body, giving it something of a hunchback appearance. It is approximately 138 feet deep at its deepest point. Larger individuals also hunt for small fish. Humans have not domesticated this fish in any way. The small mouth also explains why lake whitefish are rarely caught by anglers who are not specifically targeting the species. As the bulk of their food resides on or near the lake bottom during winter, most whitefish are caught in the lowest two to three feet of the water column. Fried, baked, broiled, smoked, or canned, it is simply delicious. Whitefish Lake is located in the north Flathead Valley of northwest Montana. Whitefish is one of the top walleye fisheries for Swan Valley residents. A related species, the round whitefish is light brown on the back becoming silvery on the side. Targetable fish species present are walleye, northern pike, yellow perch, lake whitefish, lake cisco (tullibee) and burbot. Whitefish Lake is located in the resort community of Whitefish, and is one of the most popular lakes in Montana. It has a more cylindrical body shape than the lake whitefish. Currently, there are about 50,000 known species of fish, with new species being identified every year! They are also the top three fish species in retail value in the United States. Small fish, such as smelt, are included in the diet of larger individuals, but their small delicate mouths limit the size of their prey. Because they reach respectable sizes, they house the schools in relatively large enclosures with cold water that replicates their natural habitats. This fish species has a number of interesting traits and adaptations. long and weighs around 4 lbs. Other articles where Lake whitefish is discussed: protacanthopterygian: Ecology: …of the Northern Hemisphere, several whitefish species (Coregonus) are comparable, ecologically, to the herrings in the ocean. Older fish often develop a fleshy bump at the should… Humans rely on this species for both commercial and recreational fishing. The back may be dark brown to black in some inland lake specimens. As the water temperatures rise, lake whitefish school up in the dark, cool depths of the Great Lakes, sometimes retreating as deep as 200 feet. Probably the most challenging and uncommon way to catch whitefish is using small dry flies on the water surface during the short springtime period when whitefish are surface feeding. Habitats River, Lake. Read on to learn about the Lake Whitefish. The Lake Whitefish is a North American species of fish in the Salmonidae family. Most use on Whitefish Lake consists of pleasure boating, sailing and waterskiing. Food Value Excellent. The Lake Whitefish is a North American species of fish in the Salmonidae family. However, the largest individuals can reach lengths up to 31 in. However the fishing in the lake is a well kept secret, and fishing is nothing short of awesome. Discover what species are most popular in Whitefish Lake, and what gear has been used. Populations of whitefish live in groups, known as schools. These schools migrate seasonally between shallow waters and deeper waters. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Email us, Department of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife, Opportunities for People with Disabilities, Rulemaking Proposals Open to Public Comment, Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Reptiles and Amphibians, Rare, Threatened, & Endangered Invertebrates. Lake Whitefish (Coregonus Clupeaformis) is a species of freshwater fish from the Salmon family found in North America, particularly in cold lakes throughout Canada and northern United States, including all of the Great Lakes. No, this whitefish does not make a good pet. Augusta, ME 04333-0041, Mailing Address: Vertical jigging during the open water fishing season can be an effective way to catch whitefish too, but results can vary and few anglers pursue whitefish this way. The lake sturgeon of Lake Superior are the oldest and largest of the Great Lakes fish species, capable of reaching over 7 feet in length and over 200 pounds, with males living around 55 years on average and females living up to 100 years. Physical Address: Recently we have seen very positive results in waters with increased numbers of lake trout, which have caused depressed smelt numbers. With a two-fish limit on Lake Simcoe per angler for conservation, we released most of the fish we caught and kept two each for dinner. In a 2016 status assessment, the Department determined that whitefish remained present in about 50 waters in Maine, but many of those waters no longer supported self-sustaining populations, meaning we are likely to see continuing decline of the species, including complete loss of whitefish populations in a number of lakes. Our pontoon charter boat on the lake is comfortable with lots of room. On a typical day, they swim slowly along the bottom in search of prey. Fax: (207) 287-8094 or (207) 287-6395 In one example, we found an 11-inch long whitefish that we estimated to be 43-45 years old. Lake Whitefish inhabits cold-water lakes and remains in deeper waters in summer. It has a more cylindrical body shape than the lake whitefish. The fins are generally black or black tipped. Water depths between 30 and 60 feet are usually the most productive. Diet: Lake whitefish feed primarily on zooplankton, midge larvae, and small crustaceans. The catch dropped to 1.7 million pounds last year, down from five million pounds in the early 2000s. Researchers from Quebec have been studying the differentiation between dwarf and normal whitefish in Maine for more than 30 years. The lake is large, measuring about a mile wide and seven miles long and is 3300 acres in size. A related species, the round whitefish is light brown on the back becoming silvery on the side. Fish make up more than half of the known vertebrate species in the world. Bear Lake whitefish is one of four fish species naturally found only in Bear Lake, which straddles the Utah-Idaho border. This species has your typical “fish” appearance, with a torpedo-like body and silvery scales. or more! All three species are found both in Lake Thun and in Lake Brienz. With a carnivorous diet, this fish feeds primarily on small invertebrates. Bear Lake whitefish are almost indistinguishable from young Bonneville whitefish (which get much larger than Bear Lake whitefish), and scale counts are the best way to distinguish the two. Atlantic whitefish, Coregonus huntsmani in the genus Coregonus Once common in all of the Great Lakes, you can now only readily find this fish in Lake Superior. Aquariums often keep this fish with other similar species. Often scorned by mainstream anglers, this fish is a tremendously under-appreciated facet of our northern aquatic ecosystems. Its range includes all of the Great Lakes. Whitefish are prime tasting freshwater fish from the same family as Salmon, widely harvested commercially in the Great Lakes and popularly targeted by … Fishing includes, Lake Trout and occasionally Whitefish and Northern Pike. Updated date: 2/6/17 An iconic fish of the north, the elusive Lake Whitefish is as challenging to catch as it is tasty. French explorer Antoine Denis Raudot wrote in 1710: “The fish that [The Chippewa] fish for there are the trout, the sturgeon, and the whitefish. Physical and biological characteristics of whitefish can vary widely from lake to lake – so much so, that reproductively isolated ‘dwarf’ forms of whitefish have emerged in several waters in northern Maine. Overall coloration is silvery to satiny white with olive to pale greenish brown on the back. You can find it throughout Canada and Alaska into the northern United States. Adult Size: Whitefish are normally 14-20 inches long and weigh 1-3 pounds, but can reach lengths of 25 inches and over 6 pounds. Fishing at Whitefish Lake? Lake whitefish declines have coincided with the introduction of rainbow smelt, and research in Maine and elsewhere has identified smelt as the primary cause to reproductive failure and eventual loss of whitefish populations. TTY: Maine Relay 711 Not as flashy or revered as their salmon and trout cousins, whitefish are characterized by a small head with a blunt snout overhanging the lower jaw. However, most of its diet consists of insects, insect larvae, fish larvae, fish eggs, small shrimp, and other invertebrates. Interesting Facts: Lake whitefish in Maine have much longer potential life spans than previously thought. Some aquariums house schools of this species. It is native to seven watersheds. Augusta, ME 04333-0041, Phone: (207) 287-8000 Whitefish are a family of fish including cod, haddock, and pollock, to name a few species. Typically they are silvery to white in color with an olive to pale greenish-brown back. Life History: Lake whitefish travel in schools, feeding close to the bottom on small invertebrates, fish eggs, and zooplankton.