Improving sequence analysis for the social sciences: a new and more useful method to determine similarity between sociological sequences DSpace/Manakin Repository. In this chapter we recall fundamental underlying sociological concepts, such as narratives, trajectories, stages, events, transitions and the role of the context. 1984. Séquence pédagogique. Cornwell carefully analyzed previous publications and synthetized the material into one source, fairly discussing the strengths and the weaknesses of the method. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Social_sequence_analysis&oldid=973498618, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 August 2020, at 15:17. 1937. 1998. [24][25][26] The study of interaction patterns is increasingly centered on sequential concepts, such as turn-taking, the predominance of reciprocal utterances, and the strategic solicitation of preferred types of responses. 1986. “Measuring Resemblance in Sequence Data: An Optimal Matching Analysis of Musicians’ Careers.”, Brzinsky-Fay, Christian. 2011; Halpin 2014). Event sequence analysis methods are methods seeking patterns that recur across a number of sequences. “Multichannel Sequence Analysis Applied to Social Science Data.”, Han, Shin-Kap, and Phyllis Moen. [76] While other methods for constructing and analyzing whole sequence structure have been developed during the past three decades, including event structure analysis,[77][78][79][80] OM and other sequence comparison methods form the backbone of research on whole sequence structures. They include measures of stochasticity or sequential connection (whether and to what extent sequentially adjacent status depend on each other, in a Markovian sense, sequential recurrence (whether specific events or status can occur more than one in the course of a given sequence), the extent to which states are logically prerequisites of each other (an issue that is explored in both event structure analysis and other forms of prerequisite analysis, such as PERT analysis), stationarity (whether the relationship between two sequence states or elements differs depending on where in the sequence that relationship is evaluated), the presence of spells (whether given states or elements are “sticky” or have inertia and therefore tend to reoccur and remain once they occur), and homogeneity (whether sequence characteristics like stationarity are similar, and thus whether sequences have the same structure, across subjects that belong to different social groupings, such as race, gender, or socioeconomic status).[81][82][83]. In bioinformatics, sequence analysis is the process of subjecting a DNA, RNA or peptide sequence to any of a wide range of analytical methods to understand its features, function, structure, or evolution. Social networking : boon or bane ? The usefulness of this analytic tool is illustrated with a simple sequence analysis of eight ordinal values from the V‐Dem Electoral Democracy Index (as per the v7.1 of the V‐Dem data set). Keywords: optimal matching, multidimensional sequence analysis, individual life trajectories, life course Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation Gauthier, Jacques-Antoine and Widmer, Eric D. and Bucher, Philipp and Notredame, Cédric, Multichannel Sequence Analysis Applied to Social Science Data (October 14, 2008). The TraMineR package for sequence analysis in R. David Heise's event structure analysis page. ", Lesnard, Laurent. “Historical Inference and Event-Structure Analysis.”, Heise, D. R. 1989. A second conference (LaCOSA II) was held in Lausanne in June 2016. [65][66][67] Social scientists adapted these methods in the form of optimal matching (OM) analysis, often in conjunction with cluster analysis techniques to aid in the identification of common sequence pattern classes. Mayer, Karl Ulrich. In life-course research, for example, research has shown that retirement plans are affected not just by the last year or two of one’s life, but instead how one’s work and family careers unfolded over a period of several decades. After explaining how sequence analysis works, the workshop will describe the variety of ways in which the method has been deployed in social science analysis. “Modelling Event Structures.”, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung. The authors conclude that OM techniques have produced interesting results in a wide variety of areas, the most … This essay reviews concepts of sequence and methods for ana-lyzing sequences. Introduction; Maîtriser les Fondamentaux. 1988. [73] In the field of economic sociology, research has shown that firm performance depends not just on a firm’s current or recent social network connectedness, but also the durability or stability of their connections to other firms. “A Primer on Sequence Methods.". A variety of techniques have been designed to describe, quantify, and predict these orders. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. Gottman, John Mordechai, and Anup Kumar Roy. [75] More recently, social sequence analysis has been proposed as a meaningful approach to study trajectories in the domain of creative enterprise, allowing the comparison among the idiosyncrasies of unique creative careers. [1] Social sequence analysis involves the examination of ordered social processes, ranging from microsocial interaction patterns (for example, turn-taking dynamics in conversations) and interpersonal contact dynamics to the development of social hierarchies and macrosocial temporal patterns. Applications of optimal matching analysis in the social sciences are typically based on sequences of specific social statuses that model the residential, family, or occupational trajectories of individuals. Laurent Lesnard's Stata plugin for sequence analysis using the dynamic Hamming distance. A methodological essay on the application of social sequence analysis to the study of creative trajectories. At your service ! sequence analysis A series of questions about how social processes are ordered, either temporally or spatially, together with the techniques for answering these.Many areas of sociology are concerned with events or actions in their temporal context—or with what we might call sequence problems. Social Sequence Analysis: Methods and Applications, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. "Blocking the Future: New Solutions for Old Problems in Historical Social Science. [48][49][50][51] All of these theoretical orientations together warrant critiques of the general linear model of social reality, which as applied in most work implies that society is either static or that it is highly stochastic in a manner that conforms to Markov processes. Séquence pédagogique. 2. “Employment Schedules among Dual-Earner Spouses and the Division of Household Labor by Gender.”, Abbott, Andrew. "Work Schedules and Community Ties. ", Moody, James, Robert Faris, and Peter S. Bearman. “Work Orders: Analysing Employment Histories Using Sequence Data.”, Abbott, A., and A. Hrycak. 1999a. Sequence Analysis (SA) has gained increasing importance in the field of social sciences since the pioneering contributions of Andrew Abbott (e.g., Abbott 1983; Abbott and Forrest 1986) and has become a popular tool with the release of powerful dedicated software (Brzinsky-Fay et al. Navigation. “Social Times of Network Spaces: Network Sequences and Foreign Investment in Hungary.”. One visual aid, known as a transition plot, replace the numbers in the cells of a transition matrix with a visual symbol that reflects the magnitude of the relationship between two given states or phenomena. : Commentary on Abbott and Tsay: Sequence Analysis.”, Wu, Lawrence L. 2000. “But What Have You Done for Us Lately? This Specialization covers the concepts and tools you'll need throughout the entire data science pipeline, from asking the right kinds of questions to making inferences and publishing results. We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. [23] Many scholars have used sequence techniques to model how work and family activities are linked in household divisions of labor and the problem of schedule synchronization within families. Issues of data, coding, temporality, cost setting/algorithm design, and analytic strategies are considered, and substantive findings are reviewed. Sport and protest. Social Sequence Analysis is a comprehensive guide to analytic methods that brings together foundational, theoretical and methodological work on social sequences. MULTICHANNEL SEQUENCE ANALYSIS APPLIED TO SOCIAL SCIENCE DATA Jacques- Antoine Gauthier* Eric D. Widmer f Philipp Bücher^ Cédric No tredame * * Applications of optimal matching analysis in the social sciences are typically based on sequences of specific social statuses that model the residential, family, or occupational trajectories of individuais. The observations in the sequence index plot are arranged such that cases with the same sequence order are grouped adjacent to each other on the y-axis. “The Importance of Relationship Timing for Diffusion.”, Morris, Martina and Mirjam Kretzschmar. In … 2006. (2000). Butts, Carter T. 2008. 2004. 2006; Gabadinho et al. Following this logic, social sequence analysts increasingly view social phenomena as components of larger and more gradual processes, which may or may not exhibit tightly linked sequential elements. 2009. That debate has given rise to several methodological innovations that address limitations of sequence comparison methods that were developed in the 20th century. Multichannel Sequence Analysis Applied to Social Science Data Jacques-Antoine Gauthier, Eric D. Widmer, Philipp Bucher, and Cédric Notredame Sociological Methodology 2010 40 : 1 , 1-38 It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. “Career Patterns of Executive Women in Finance: An Optimal Matching Analysis.”, Brzinsky-Fay, Christian, and Ulrich Kohler. ", Moody, James. Abbott, Andrew. Since its introduction in the social sciences in the 1980s, sequence analysis (SA) has enhanced our understanding of a broad range of social processes. In a 2006 article in the American Journal of Sociology, David Stark and Balazs Vedre proposed the term "social sequence analysis" to distinguish the approach from bioinformatic sequence analysis. 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