John Dryden lived between the Restoration and Augustan age. Some of the characteristics or features of play are: Jacobian Era (1603-1625) – Jacobian Era comes just after the Elizabethan era. PRESENTED BY, SAJITHA SUNNY 2. In miracle plays, the actual story revolves around the main characters and on the other hand, the other characters were short reckoned or undervalued. According to some scholars, Marlowe and Shakespeare were rivals in this field. Due to the Queen’s support and patron, the works of that time came to be known as ‘Elizabethan’. Science and technology were also developed. A word which we use widely, ‘beautiful‘ was coined by Shakespeare. 2. He wrote various comedies. Besides him, there are few other writers who gained popularity due to their writings like, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson etc. The new views of man and the universe emerged: Until 1945 everything was war and destruction, afterwards a good deal was post-war reconstruction and many reforms were introduced: In the 1950s and the 1960s there was a drastic change in the society: The “swinging sixties” were marked by a mood of rebellion and by the quest for self/expression and liberation, the dominant traits were: It was because the revolution of the Sixties was successful that man and women live together without marrying, became possible legally have an abortion; homosexual couples openly set up house, ecc. He is known as the father-figure in English literature. Shell shock was the term used by doctors to allude to the shell explosions they blamed for the frequent cases of psychological disorders among soldiers. One such peak for the English language was the Early Modern period of the 16th to 18th Century, a period sometimes referred to as the Golden Age of English Literature (other peaks include the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th and early 19th Century, and the computer and digital age of the late 20th Century, which is still continuing today). and find homework help for other English Literature questions at eNotes Victorian Age (1837-1901) – The Victorian era was one of the most important eras in the History of English Literature. The third popular dramatist or playwright was Ben Jonson. It made it possible for the writers to produce written works. They  questioned (mettevano in discussione) the traditional rules of sexual morality and marriage and also they mocked (deridevano) the political, social and religious establishment. Get an answer for 'Discuss the major trends in modern English literature, with a particular reference to the English novel.' There were many cultural shocks with the beginning of modernism. James Joyce and Virginia Woolf utilise a subjective narrative techniques. You will also know about the style of writing of the poets and authors that prevailed back then. S.B. According to scholars, he is responsible for coining around 1700 words. Another most popular author of the period under consideration was Lord Alfred Tennyson. There was the rise (aumento) of socialist theatre and there were an increasing number of Fringe, a sort of Studio theatres, in basements (cantine), attics (soffitte) and the back rooms of pubs (retro dei pub). One of the biggest comedy play written at that time was ‘Every Man in his Humour’. Most of the literary works of this age talk about human feelings, classicism and Romantic revival. The Anglo-Saxon Period (the earliest time---1066) 1. People communicated the poems and literary works orally during the period under consideration. Caroline Era (1625-1649) – This era coincided with the age of Charles I (1625-1642). New writers were tried to impersonate the glory of British writers. You’ll know about the main characteristics of the age of History of English Literature. The condition of women was not satisfactory. Given below is the History of English Literature timeline. Ages of English Literature 1. The productivity of people at that time had increased as people lived longer because they weren’t dying or fighting. In all the previous periods experimentation and individualism were highly discouraged but With the onset of the modern period both these things became virtues. The Victorian age was a time of great prosperity in the History of English Literature. He became the king there. The structure of the play is basically unpleasant. Most importantly, the Theatre closed down by the Puritans was restored. Germany marched through Belgium, a neutral territory, in order to attack France and Britain declared war on Germany. Later, when he came to England, he demanded that drama should follow the French style of writing. Shakespeare, in his career, wrote 154 sonnets. Achievements of Samudragupta – His Coins, Biography & Conquest, Marxist Interpretation of History – Short Summary, The Nationalist School of Indian Historiography – An Overview, Farewell Speech in School, College, University and …, 7 Essential Online Tips for Avid Travelers …. these kinds of protagonists in the modern literature. The theatre is also seen as a good mode of business in that period. In 1945 Germany finally surrendered (si arrese) and the atomic bomb defeated (sconfisse) the Japan. ... would become synonymous with the poet in the modern age. The Tories supported the king and the Whigs opposed it. One remarkable figure was John Milton. The puritanical attitudes imposed the prohibition of alcohol,  that caused an increased (crescita) of the phenomenon of gangsterism. In broad terms, the period was marked by sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Restoration Period (1660-1700) – The restoration age begins in 1660. The hero or the protagonist shows the difference between good and bad. He basically wrote on harmony. At the end of the 1970s there was the decline of the Fringe. The first half of the 18th century was marked by the preparation of Industrial revolution. Consider clicking here if you want to know more about our focus. Some of the famous works of him are Volpone, The Alchemist etc. Perhaps you might like to read this article which talks about his contribution. Some of the best writers of plays of this kind are Thomas Kyd, Shakespeare etc. So, people have to adopt Renaissance which was doing really great in Italy. After the death of Queen Victoria, Edward came to the throne. The President Roosevelt in 1932 began a New Deals of reforms. Women were not allowed to perform as there was the existence of gender inequality. The rich became vulnerable in the society. The suffragettes were women sympathisers for the feminist’s movement that wanted women to have the vote. THE IMPORTANT PERIODS IN THE HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE •The old English [450AD -1066AD] •The Middle English [1066AD-1500AD] •The Renaissance period[1500-1600] •The Elizabethan period[1558-1603] •The Jacobean period[1603-1625] •The Caroline period[1625-1649] •The Puritan period[1649 … Moreover the abolition (inoltre l’abolizione) of the theatre censorship (della censura) gave playwrights more freedom. The Victorian novels depicted almost every perspective of nineteenth-century Victorian life. They created new methods as Joyce’s epiphany, stream of consciousness and the interior monologue and refuse the omniscient narrator. In this article on the history of English literature, you’ll be getting a glimpse of almost every age of English literature. Just Wanna this information in pdf but how?? Major poets of that age are Pope and Dryden. The Neoclassical Period also marks the first great age of English literary criticism. As a consequence, this led to a revolution which is known as the ‘Bloodless Revolution’. This is the age of material greed. Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce (1643) etc. ... Modern lyric poetry in English begins in the early 16th century with the work of Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542) and Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1517-1547). I tried to show the formation of antiheroes in modem literature by looking into the protagonists of three novels and a play. ENGLIT 0070 CERVANTES IN ENGLISH 3 cr. H.G Wells, Beatrix Potter, Lucy Maud Montgomery, Edith Nesbit were some of the renowned writers of the age. Plus, if you encounter any query, do not forget to comment it down. (A) Miracle plays – They are also known as Saints play as they present a real or fictitious account of their life. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Chaucer introduced the Iambic Pentameter. This period is generally regarded as the greatest in the history of English literature. THE MODERN AGE, ENGLISH LITERATURE. The Government encouraged the private business. Even though this age produced a lot of prose works, essentially it was an age of poetry. Charles II was restored in 1660 not James II. One of his most famous work is ‘Dr. modern period in english literature pdf An English translation of Jacob Grimm, Grimms Fairy Tales appeared. Charles II became infamous for this act. It is based on the biblical story of the life of the religious persons. Download full-text PDF. Why shakespeare is famous in English literature ? We updated that. The Welfare State implied  an system of government based in looking after the interests and welfare of everyone, in such areas as (in tutti i settori come) health, unemployment and pensions. Charles Darwin wrote Origin of the Species which caused full-scale controversy in Europe. The Neoclassical Period of English literature (1660 - 1785) was much influenced by contemporary French literature, which was in the midst of its greatest age. The works were basically on the depiction of nature. The Wealthy people bought the best seats. Moreover, the theatre became central to the Elizabethan era. The war was only ended with the establishment of the Irish Fre State as a dominion of the empire, while the six predominantly Protestant countries of Ulster remained part of the United Kingdom, with their own parliament in Belfast. The first half of the twentieth century was an age of transformations and a deep cultural crisis. Some of their militants adopted hunger-strike tactics. These dramatists present the absurdity of the human condition, they do not argue about  it. Vagueness about time, place and the characters. It brought out a new world outlook especially among religious communities. The army consisted of the Norman, Breton and the French which was led by William the Conqueror. His works are said to be universal for which it got more prevalent. Renaissance is one of the biggest parts of the history of English literature. You’ll get the button to download it. He tries to include within the limits of the novel almost everything and not a merely one-sided view of it. He was famous for his unconventional and metaphysical style of poetry. People were interested in appearance, not in the being genuine. Charles II wanted to establish Catholicism in the country. To sum up in one line, ‘The Puritan age starts with Charles I beheaded and Oliver Cromwell into the rule‘. Samuel Beckett’s “Waiting for Godot” is generally considered as the starting point of “Absurd Drama”. But along with that poverty and exploitation was also a part of it. So, as a result, Charles I was removed and Oliver Cromwell came into power. Under strong leadership of Winston Churchill the British resistance became extremely determinated. THE ‘MODERN’ PERIOD The modern period (known also as the ‘modern era’, or also ‘modern times’) is the period of history that succeeded the Middle Ages (which ended in approximately 1500 AD) As a historical term, it is applied primarily to European and Western history. The poetries and dramas were prospered more, in particular. It was probably completed in the 8th Century. People communicated the poems and literary works orally during the period under consideration. It was being changed by Shakespeare. The main features of the theatre of the Absurd are: Since the 1960s the content of British plays has got more and more revolutionary (sempre più rivoluzionario). This era is also known as the era of enlightenment. There was a Civil war during that period. The blow of the modern age were the … Sometimes they even sat on the stage itself. Examines the changing social pressures and forces in the 19th and 20th centuries through an analysis of major works by Twain, Dickens, Steinbeck, Williams, Golding, Miller, and Hemingway. Trace the development of prose during restoration period. Middle English Period (1066–1500) The Middle English period sees a huge transition in the language, culture, and lifestyle of England and results in what we can recognize today as a form of “modern” (recognizable) English. They are the principal kind of vernacular drama of European Middle Ages. Popular types of literature include parody, letters, essays, and satire. We will be discussing the Miracle and Morality plays only because these two are the ones which are widely discussed upon. Two of his most popular poems are – The Sun Rising and The Canonization. The word Renaissance implies the rebirth of culture and learning. Stories, poems, and sonnets have all been written by a spectrum of authors since the creation of written languages. It is because there were no light facilities available. He divided the Sonnet into 3 quatrains summed by a couplet. If you want the entire History of English Literature article as a PDF to read offline then download the file by clicking the button below. The Edwardian wasn’t a good period, was a time of industrial unrest (agitazione industriale) and violent strikes, for high prices and low wages. Some of the most famous poets of the period are – John Keats, William Blake, William Wordsworth, Thomas Grey etc. Read More About Indian English literature. The standard of literature became low. Monarchy was restored in England. People in England would meet at the coffee house and talk about productive things. Modernism (1901-1939) – Literature from various parts of the world started spreading. These people were initially sea rovers who inhabited Scandinavia, who later invaded the northern part of France which is until present day known as Normandy. The British empire expanded exponentially. Click here to download the entire Renaissance PDF. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 4.0 Internazionale. The half-century between the years 1625 and 1675 is known as the Puritan age. The rebellion was crushed (repressa) but it became a symbol of Irish heroism. One of the greatest lyricists of that era was John Donne. The generation gap (divario generazionale) between the young and the old, regarded as responsible for the lives wasted during the war, grew (crebbe). Various conflicts arose due to this differences. If you liked it, hit the SHARE button and let others read this. Individual achievements are highly valued. But in this era, the women status in the society seem to increase. The poor were hired for industrial labor at a very low rate. It marks a clear departure from the compromise and stability of the Victorian period. They are also highly philosophical. George VI died unexpectedly and he was succeeded by his daughter Elizabeth II, crowned in 1953. Moreover, the PDF version of every age is uploaded singly. Literature: Beowulf, the earliest literature, the … Charles II, brother of Charles I who was defeated and beheaded returned to England from France. The heroic couplet is famous in his poems. Consider watching it for brushing up your knowledge: Where Can I download the History of English Literature PDF? Another reaction was the segregation of minorities into city slums (for example: Harlem). If you want the entire History of English Literature post in PDF format then scroll till the bottom. Some of his popular works are: Milton became most famous for the poem, Paradise Lost. In that difficult years Britain definitely lost its Empire and was gradually being reduced to a second/class power dependent on the United States. One of his famous work is The Canterbury Tales. And on the other hand, Jonathan Swift was famous for his prose works. Know Different Ages in History of English Literature By Somnath Sarkar - July 09, 2016 Literary study involves not only the reading of books and the consideration of them on abstract aesthetic grounds, but also a study of the outward manifestations of the spirit of the ages. The modern no… Plays were presented quickly. He developed a new prose style that was suited to the practical needs of the age. Two most famous writers of this period are Richard Brinsley Sheridan and Oliver Goldsmith. This video talks about the basic postmodernist literature. You can download the Old literature PDF from here. The literature not only represents authors or writers from almost every part of the world but also it had untapped almost every major genre of writings that one could possibly imagine. Beowulf… is fantastic tragic ballad of old English literature that presents heroic deeds of one great man as he encounters a monster, his enduring courage and triumph makes the piece quite enjoyable and moving but equaly tragic. John Dryden’s text, ‘Absalom and Achitophel‘ talks about the religious and political conflict. It started the British tradition of ‘afternoon tea’. There were a lot important transformations in the society: The so-called “Jazz age”, in the 1920s, was a period of prosperity in America. The most respected and famed writer of the middle age was Geoffrey Chaucer. They were not allowed to write freely. 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