Although not a fully impartial record, it remains one of the West's most important sources regarding these affairs. Herodotus, . The Magi, on the contrary, kill animals of all kinds with their own hands, excepting dogs and men. He is called the father of history, since rather than write history as an epic, he approached his work as a … 485 BCE - c. 420 BCE The dead bodies are covered with wax, and then buried in the ground. The “Father of History”, as Herodotus has been styled, was born at Halicarnassus, a Greek colony in Asia Minor, between the years 490 and 480 BC, and lived to about sixty, dying around 425 BC. It is also their general practice to deliberate upon affairs of weight when they are drunk; and then on the morrow, when they are sober, the decision to which they came the night before is put before them by the master of the house in which it was made; and if it is then approved of, they act on it; if not, they set it aside. Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος) was an ancient Greek historian, who lived in the fifth century BCE (c. 484–425 BCE).He is remembered for writing a series of historical texts, unoriginally called The Histories.Herodotus was the first historian in the European world, and an important influence on subsequent historians. Ancient History Encyclopedia. "Herodotus: On The Customs of the Persians." Total Points. Until their fifth year they are not allowed to come into the sight of their father, but pass their lives with the women. As soon as they hear of any luxury, they instantly make it their own: and hence, among other novelties, they have learnt unnatural lust from the Greeks. Since I have only provided an index and some minor formatting to a text which exists on the Internet, I do not feel it right to impose any copyright restrictions due to my changes. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian.In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and Mycale. But Herodotus was much more than a mere storyteller. Libro III: La Persia (text and commentary by Asheri, critical apparatus by Medaglia, translation by Fraschetti, ), Fondazione Lorenzo Valla. The customs which I know the Persians to observe are the following: they have no images of the gods, no temples nor altars, and consider the use of them a sign of folly. The reason is that they look upon themselves as very greatly superior in all respects to the rest of mankind, regarding others as approaching to excellence in proportion as they dwell nearer to them; whence it comes to pass that those who are the farthest off must be the most degraded of mankind. It was the fault of the Greek gods, who with their arrogance, encouraged me to march onto your lands. Herodotus covers the empire’s geography, social structure, and history before describing the events which led to Xerxes ’ invasion of Greece and the Greek city-states uniting to defeat his army. Those which Cyrus assembled and persuaded to revolt from the Medes were the principal ones on which all the others are dependent. Herodotus on the Phrygian Language Alexis recently posted about some of the languages we’ll be seeing in the Explorer’s Build, four of which are implied to fairly magical: The books in the game are written in English; in Latin, Greek, Sanskrit and Aramaic; in Deep Mandaic, Fucine, Phrygian and Vak. Herodotus reports that many Lacedaemonians were killed, especially at the place where Mardonius and the 1,000 élite Persians were fighting (9.63.1). Ancient Persian culture flourished between the reign of Cyrus II... Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes... Herodotus: On The Customs of the Persians, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. You need to get 100% to score the 10 points available. Their wont, however, is to ascend the summits of the loftiest mountains, and there to offer sacrifice to Zeus, which is the name they give to the whole circuit of the firmament. It is said that the body of a male Persian is never buried, until it has been torn either by a dog or a bird of prey. To read the full-text of this research, you can request a … There is no nation which so readily adopts foreign customs as the Persians. Herodotus reports that the King of Persia, after he had brought his army from Asia to Europe on two pontoon bridges thrown across the sea at the Hellespont, proceeded to a muster of the army and the navy at Doriskos, near the present Greco-Anatolian frontier. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian. Hystaspes, when he had thus answered, recrossed the Araxes and hastened back to Persia, to keep a watch on his son Darius. The most disgraceful thing in the world, they think, is to tell a lie; the next worst, to owe a debt: because, among other reasons, the debtor is obliged to tell lies. Herodotus wanted to present as much information about the Persian War as he could. 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