The heavy wood is used for furniture, crates, and boxes. Herbs, native plants, & reference desk QA. The University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture does not maintain lists of retail The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture does not promote, support I believe this is definitely a cedar elm. Such is the curse of being common. Also, one half of the leaf is shorter than the other, giving the jaggy leaf blade a somewhat lopsided look. The branches are amply adorned with the quirky corky wings for which the species is named. Please consult your local Extension On Nov 11, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote: A tree of the Southern bottomlands, Winged Elms have a unique texture to their bark and branches. Custom Search. Winged elm, also called corked elm or wahoo elm, can be distinguished from other elms by the woody, wing-like growths along the branchlets. In a forested site, the tree tends to grow taller and straighter. winged elm Ulmaceae Ulmus alata Michx. The flower is typically very small with curling fuzzy stigmas. can attain 65 feet or more in better sites. It is an extremely sturdy and adaptable tree and is well-suited as a shade or street tree. Particularly susceptible to Dutch Elm disease (a fatal fungal disease spread by beetles with no effective cure), powdery mildew,  phloem necrosis, cankers, and leaf spots can be problems, especially on stressed trees. amount of wood. Positive. It grows very well in urban areas and is suited to parking lot islands and other confined soil spaces. The leaves of the winged elm are small and oval, a dark green color with paler, hairy undersides. Its growth rate is often very slow, the trunk increasing in diameter by less than 5 mm (3 ⁄ 16 in) per year. office for plants suitable for your region. How to Use the Leaf Key It is easy to identify the common trees of Louisiana with this guide. Winged Elm Ulmus alata Michx.. collect. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Winged elm, a smallish elm as elms go, is one three species found in every Arkansas Winged elm, Ulmus alatus, is the smallest of our native elms, probably because it has a preference for dry, Also, notice that the flat faces on the Winged Elm samaras bear some short hairs. This native is an excellent shade tree for both residential sites as well as larger more open spaces. Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds. But it's Equipping individuals to lead organizations, communities, and regions. Winged Elm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Usually seen at 40 to 50 feet high, Winged Elm can reach 90 feet in height in the woods with a 30 to 40-foot spread (Fig. The leaves of other elms, like are the Winged Elm, the Rock Elm, and the Cedar Elm are smaller in size. The stately elm tree is a beloved American treasure. winged elm ulmus alata. It is the least shade-tolerant of the North American elms. Resistant to fire and moderately resistant to damage from deer. Shunning locally native trees is common except for the glamour species - redbuds, Increase your knowledge of public issues & get involved. Q: We have an oak that’s 20′ to 25′ feet tall which has a strange growth on the bark. Habitat information from: Weakley, Alan S., Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, Working Draft of 21 May 2015. Wake Co., NC 5/23/2009. Winged Elm is the only elm in North Texas that has corky wings on branches AND makes its seeds in the spring. Like other elm trees, winged elm features saw-toothed leaves with uneven bases (although not quite as obviously uneven as the leaf bases of American elm or slippery elm), and a graceful, vase-like overall shape when seen from a distance. The clinic can help. Today, it's largely ignored in the timber industry except for pallets and Winged elm is in the landscape trade in the Dallas and Oklahoma City market, but I've Providing unbiased information to enable educated votes on critical issues. What else do you need to know? Canopy form is variable from pyramidal to vase or rounded. It grows from 40' to 60' tall and forms a vase-like shape, with lateral branches and a rounded, open crown. The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin and unequal base. DAVID ELM. The leaf margin is doubly serrated. Positive: On Nov 11, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote: A tree of the Southern bottomlands, Winged Elms have a unique texture to their bark and branches. Leaves of most species of elm trees are between 4” and 6” (10 – 12 cm) long and up to 2.5” (7 cm) wide. other low value uses. Habitat of the herb: Dry gravelly uplands, less often in alluvial soils on the borders of swamps and banks of streams, occasionally in inundated swamps. The wood is very flexible and springy but is also hard and resists splitting. outlets where these plants can be purchased. winged elm Ulmaceae Ulmus alata Michx. The corky “wings” along limbs give it an obvious name. Small drupe but very distinctive, covered with light colored fuzz, 1/3 inch long, tipped at the end with two long, curving bristles. It is native from Virginia to southern Indiana and Missouri south to Florida and Texas. Interesting Facts: It must be pruned regularly at an early age to eliminate double and multiple trunks. Ulmus crassifolia Nutt., the Texas cedar elm or simply cedar elm, is a deciduous tree native to south central North America, mainly in southern and eastern Texas, southern Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana, with small populations in western Mississippi, southwest Tennessee and north central Florida; it also occurs in northeastern Mexico. Winged Elm prefers full to partial sun and moist to dry conditions, but it tolerates different soil types, including those that contain, loam, clay, sand, or rocky material. The twigs and bark are reddish brown to gray brown. When grown in an open site, it has a short bole with branches arching upward to form a rounded crown. Winged Elm (Ulmus alata) Common Name(s): Winged Elm, Wahoo. The bark is gray-brown with flat ridges separated by shallow fissures. against the gray sky of winter. Here are the spring samaras of a Winged Elm: On dry, difficult sites they can develop yellow or orange fall color. The leaves are smaller and narrower than those of our other elms and the leaf bases are more even. or recommend plants featured in "Plant of the Week." Native to the Southeast. Madison Co., NC 4/9/2012. Deciduous. Winged Elm is rare in the Mountain region of NC, where it is found in low river valleys, such as here next to the French Broad River. Other common names are cork elm and wahoo. On fertile soils with adequate moisture and drainage, winged elm grows well and is a useful component of several forest types. It is the most common elm tree in Texas. parvifolia), the leaves are slightly thicker. Winged Elm will easily adapt to full sun or partial shade, growing relatively quickly on any soil. Slippery Elm Leaves This elm tree is known to possess one of the largest leaves; as much as 7 inches in length and 3 inches in width. 18 Alternate, Simple, Toothed its wide wings soaked by wintertime mist, it provides a bold and brooding profile It ranges throughout the southern states This plant supports the following larvae: Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui), Eastern Comma (Polygonia comma), Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa), Question Mark Butterfly (Polygonia interrogationis). Ulmus alata, Winged elm, also called corked elm or Wahoo elm, is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree native to the southern and south-central woodlands of the United States. 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