This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. In later stages of invasion, circular infestations can merge and linear infestations can form along highways, fences, and around water bodies. It is an aggressive and perennial grass that is distributed worldwide in the tropical and subtropical regions (Wilson, 2004). Cogongrass prefers sandy soils with low nutrient levels, although it will inhabit more fertile sites. USDA, NRCS. December 21, 2019. Meaning of cogon grass. 0000006454 00000 n How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Alabama Cogongrass Aerial Photographs. Cogon grass is a C 4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). Methods of control. 0000004885 00000 n 0000005720 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica, (L.) P. ��7�q�O�O`��Z��j� 0000035365 00000 n endstream endobj 44 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 41 0 R/Outlines 37 0 R/Pages 40 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 45 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Thumb 38 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 792.0 612.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <> endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj [/ICCBased 75 0 R] endobj 51 0 obj [82 0 R] endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <>stream 0000003925 00000 n Information and translations of cogongrass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The rhizomes are hard, scaly, and cream-colored with sharply pointed tips. This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. Aquatic plant photographs were provided by David Bayne, Jim Davis, Kelly Duffie, Billy Higginbotham, Michael Masser, John Clayton, Chetta Owens, Diane Smith, Joe Snow, Don Steinbach, Bridget Robinson Lassiter and Peter Woods. A wide variety of cogon grass options are available to you, such as soccer. Cogon grass is an aggressively invasive perennial grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height. Cogongrass is an invasive species commonly found in pastures that is not going to go away on its own. 0000145685 00000 n Usually, landowners and farmers burn or spray herbicide at the land infected by the said plant. List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. 0000009653 00000 n If you think you might have cogongrass, the easiest way to tell is to look at the leaves. Several thousand acres are infested with cogongrass in the southeastern United States; more than 1.2 billion acres are infested worldwide. Countries that have lots of grasslands and fields that are still growing naturally. Synonyms for cogon grass include cogon, blady grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass, satintail, silver spike and speargrass. Cogongrass is a Fire Hazard. <<0109EBF736B432499C105B8E92DEE75C>]/Prev 868840>> It affects the lives of vegetation around, wildlife habitat, recreation, site management, and even native plants that can only be found in specific places. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; I. cylindrica is a serious weed not only in crops but also in natural areas, causing serious economic and environmental damage. ), is a very aggressive exotic perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the greatest invasive plant threats in Alabama and in the southeastern United States.Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. 0000013148 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States.. endstream endobj 56 0 obj <> endobj 57 0 obj <>stream 0000032325 00000 n Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Distribution. 0000004038 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica, (L.) P. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 0000002904 00000 n endstream endobj 54 0 obj <> endobj 55 0 obj <>stream 0000010986 00000 n It typically occurrs in leaning mats when over 3 feet tall. In open fields and forests cogongrass initially forms circular infestations that appear light green in summer and light brown in winter as can be viewed in these oblique aerial photographs. Cogongrass is among the world’s most invasive weed species, The Sun Herald reported. “Burning Cogon Grass” or Ningas-Kugon Kills Filipino Success. %PDF-1.7 %���� 0000004638 00000 n endstream endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <>stream Cogongrass in Arkansas. H�tSMs�0��+�hg��� d����N��B��`Y����w�H:� ky���z�n&���. This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Beauv., is often categorized as one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and is perhaps the worst potential invader on our borders. Cogongrass is non-native to the United States, and it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land. trailer Cogongrass fires are hotter, faster and higher than native grass fires. This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Senesced leaves appear light orange-brown in color. Cogon grass is an aggressively invasive perennial grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height. See more. 0000121278 00000 n Based on the chemical and surface morphological properties analyses, cogon grass is a good alternative fibre resource especially for pulp and paper making industries. Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. Long, yellow-green leaves with light, off-center midveins arise from near the base of the plant, with a short, usually hidden stem. 874 cogon grass products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which hay accounts for 1%, artificial grass & sports flooring accounts for 1%, and other garden ornaments & water features accounts for 1%. 0 0000001851 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica), an invasive grass from Asia, is considered "the seventh worst weed in the world".It was introduced, accidently, into Alabama in 1911 as seed in packing materials from Japan. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. It affects the lives of vegetation around, wildlife habitat, recreation, site management, and even native plants that can only be found in specific places. While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. Seed and rhizomes move even farther when hitchhiking on equipment, mulch, and fill materials. Cogongrass occurs as a weed in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia. They are used with permission. The Filipino phrase “ningas-kugon” is used to describe a Filipino trait. Because of its rough edges and silica bodies found throughout the leaves, it is mostly unpalatable to native wildlife species. 0000145650 00000 n Windblown seed can move several miles in air currents and plants can produce up to 3,000 seeds per season. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. More . 2018. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) • Characteristics and management of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel in smallholder farms in developing countries, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations It typically occurrs in leaning mats when over 3 feet tall. %%EOF This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Cogongrass invading forested area. Information and translations of cogon grass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Imperata cylindrica is also known as japgrass, bladygrass, speargrass, alang-alang and lalang-lalang (Dozier et al.1998). Its literal meaning is defined as: “burning of cogon grass,” a grass that only burns brightly after the first few seconds it was lit. It can be found along the side of roads and in ditches. Beauv., hereafter cogongrass), is a non-native, perennial C4 grass found in the southeastern US from Texas to Florida and as far north as Virginia (Fig. 0000165801 00000 n Senesced leaves appear light orange-brown in color. The plural of cogon grass is cogon grass. The increasing demand in wood fibre consumptions especially in pulp and paper making … Its literal meaning is defined as: “burning of cogon grass,” a grass that only burns brightly after the first few seconds it was lit. Cogon grass seed germination rates and survival rates of newly germinated seedlings were not significantly affected by gap size or disturbance type (King and Grace, 2000b). cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; I. cylindrica is a serious weed not only in crops but also in natural areas, causing serious economic and environmental damage. �\�Tc��"@��&t�� CN��[���>I�܁��2������2��$$@"aUё�F" It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. r����r?���#؏p?���#؏�~}���fwEwewEwewEwewEwcwCw�����o�7���������o�7���������E���K��ߏ�o���{�m��[��r�pӺ>|}����)�$ ɣ � Cogongrass can be found on roadsides, mining sites, pits, and other areas where there is soil disturbances, and has been known to invade moist to dry upland pines. | Prescribed Burning (Part 2) - YouTube It tends to disrupt the ecosystem by pushing the native species out of their habitat. in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. Biological Control of Cogongrass: Progress and Perspectives James P. Cuda1, William A. Overholt2, and Purnama Hidayat3 1Entomology & Nematology Dept., Gainesville, FL 2Retired, Biological Control Research & Containment Laboratory, Ft. Pierce, FL 3Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia IFAS-FTGA Great CEU Roundup, McCarty GOO1, 25 July 2018 3. 0000010846 00000 n E��E6;��:���#����:I���� N������z����X�N�g�I�_�2[0W4�}�)]J�?L�E�%S?��N��f�֪��b���֊w0�U=�l��+�D�Λ �ú&��w���@o�d>K���xV��4է$�9b��Cp�h�p/k��NY&�8�m^��[8JY�v]{L-�j4���m�����h��^�y>��Ԃ��#�'ɢ�$��ߩ�C��`0,�z6�k�R��c��M}�O�5�{U�f�:(w�w3�#���|�Quu��Z�Q�#��H�Q�/F[�dh��S�q>.�T����$�i��BK���*��-tr�`�E+ųD�r�fO����xF6R�^�k�+͵��Yg���72Ek�@'�] |�I|v��q��Yxʫ����{��-!yI� )�bdt�3��2.2�8dz�[a���x����p�b������;b|2���o_1A����&6��˸��� s�qOi��+_�9>�X���B_��lԳ8� ��`& Kugon is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. &�� 6'� Meaning of cogongrass. 0000006201 00000 n Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. About the Cogongrass Control Program. SEM images show that cogon grass fibres contained abundance and long fibres which provide good strength of the produced handsheet. Biological Control of Cogongrass: Progress and Perspectives James P. Cuda1, William A. Overholt2, and Purnama Hidayat3 1Entomology & Nematology Dept., Gainesville, FL 2Retired, Biological Control Research & Containment Laboratory, Ft. Pierce, FL 3Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia IFAS-FTGA Great CEU Roundup, McCarty GOO1, 25 July 2018 It tends to disrupt the ecosystem by pushing the native species out of their habitat. 0000006907 00000 n Cogongrass is non-native to the United States, and it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land. Cogongrass  is non-native to the United States, and it can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land. Definition of cogongrass in the Definitions.net dictionary. 43 0 obj <> endobj 0000069469 00000 n What does cogongrass mean? Cogon grass invasion by seed may therefore be limited by excessive moisture in the spring, during early seedling development. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrical (L.) P. This federally regulated noxious weed grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields. hv��a���qDq�A�)�9bǙ�3�p�ҢN�*��=tLB����Ɂ�\�X��"�,E8 Definition of cogon grass in the Definitions.net dictionary. h�b``�c``�����:ۗA�؀���c���@�.�Y��Yc.��^'�;Scۥ�:���X��lTEZZ4��RR6F� M��3�d�` �f`]�@G�g�b0l�����`�o0opm��s`���t�ѹa���%��g�� ՜kX���2���%" :N� ��X�~`�`۳��A�A����|���O�}W��c�n�r�}�.����_j�@� �aud�R�X�o�H�2��?�*�b-^��P�&� !�J� Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). 0000338593 00000 n �X+���S�)�� A�� (8�&Mz�Ǫ8VE���K������ы�G/�^�X282X�3�wfI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdI�IdYi�JWw����|�@��,գ �l�.>��i�?v�}��I=ϑ�:M�I�V:;�F?���6�GG��? Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the world’s ten worst weeds and has already invaded 153 billion acres worldwide.Cogongrass is becoming established in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana, and has now been found in South Carolina. Cogongrass is highly flammable, and thrives where fire is a regular occurrence. gon grass n. A perennial grass native chiefly to Southeast Asia and Africa that is used for thatching and is widespread as a weed in warm regions.... Cogongrass - definition of cogongrass by The Free Dictionary. 0000230323 00000 n Cogongrass is native to Southeast Asia. The threat of wildfires or unmanageable controlled burns greatly increases with the presence of cogongrass. R�v0��V+!������0 ���E0 In later stages of invasion, circular infestations can merge and linear infestations can form along highways, fences, and around water bodies. Cogongrass is an invasive exotic grass found on public and private property, along roadways, in forests, and on farmland. State forestry officials are warning of an invasive weed that chokes out native plants. 0000121994 00000 n 0000003430 00000 n (.�1_�����c��r�o��:rmb��^Q����OA��S��������y�|j� Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, A Diagnostics Tool for Pond Plants and Algae. 6/15: Aquatic Vegetation- Beneficial or Pest? The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018). Many land managers actively and aggressively manage cogongrass and Auburn University researchers have been working on solutions for cogongrass for … H�\�ݎ�0�Ϲ��L��k;��5�`��^ BuIV$����>�I�D�hߟ���v��Y�?�s��:�C7���:�A�ñ�R��o����ԌY�n�9����-*�^��^V�y^���ԅ����w�{U��:��)�*�r��p�}m�o�)�< {�v�y?����7~�Ơt�3����i��ǐ-�x-�b�e����a�C�����&�^�X&��w��>� T'*h ��HC�B)P YHC2��z�,�9hy��%�5�J��"x�x�h�^4^//����Ƌ�E�.�k��N�B��>�> } 93 0 obj <>stream Today, cogon grass has been found in … 0000032647 00000 n startxref 0000009022 00000 n 0000008336 00000 n Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … c�����?�W�+��z�yf_���l�RG��c,�%��Α�Α�Α�Α�Α����?N�oS�?g���lc5���紏��- 0000012571 00000 n It has the potential to kill seedling trees and plants native to the area, along with wildlife habitats. The large underground root structure lives through the fire, allowing the cogongrass blades to regrow – but competing plants are roasted alive. 0000000016 00000 n Cogon grass is a tall (2-5 ft.) perennial grass with bright yellowy-green foliage. Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. It tends to disrupt the ecosystem by pushing the native species out of their habitat. The leaves are about an inch wide, have a prominent white midrib, and end in a sharp point. Cogongrass can invade pastures, natural or planted forests, riparian areas, highway rights-of-way, urban areas, and wetlands. ��4xEف�. 0000145501 00000 n It is on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world’s seventh worst weed. Find more words at wordhippo.com! Find more words at wordhippo.com! Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. ‘The first leg of the climb consists of wading through giant cogon grasses on a steep, exposed trail.’ ‘More rocks, with occasional thermal heat, and thick cogon grasses beckoned as we dragged ourselves up, fatigue starting to catch up.’ Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the greatest invasive plant threats in Alabama and in the southeastern United States. Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Cogon grass description. Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. Identifying cogongrass is easy once you’ve seen it once and know what to look for. 0000145570 00000 n 0000002354 00000 n 0000005466 00000 n Photo Credits: The majority of the aquatic plant line drawings are the copyright of the University of Florida Center for Aquatic Plants (Gainsville). Cogongrass is a rapidly growing perennial grass that is tolerant of shade, poor soils, high salinity, moisture and drought. In open fields and forests cogongrass initially forms circular infestations that appear light green in summer and light brown in winter as can be viewed in these oblique aerial photographs. 0000035296 00000 n Cogon definition is - any of several tall grasses (genus Imperata, especially I. cylindrica) of southeastern Asia used especially for thatching, fodder, and erosion control. This species is wide-spread in Florida, Alabama and Mississippi and is starting to spread in Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee. The Filipino phrase “ningas-kugon” is used to describe a Filipino trait. All work will … Cogongrass is a fire adapted species and thrives where fire is a regular occurrence. IU��W|x���{ش�1}����%�t9��o��n�?�3�>��>W,�s�4C�c݄���!���Z��-��I����k�c�S�^OIU��Y�D~&?�W�xKނw���� Cogongrass is non-nativeto the United States. 0000011389 00000 n endstream endobj 60 0 obj <>stream ~#�Ъ��3˜��r.�%X��dV���V­�[ �rC�Df ��Y�,a� K�%�f ��Y�,1���+�� Beware of Cogon Grass. 0000001316 00000 n These factors can spell trouble for people and structures near large infestations. Cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Palisot COMMON NAMES: cogongrass, blady grass, santintail, alang-alang, kunai, paillotte NATIVE RANGE: Southeast Asia, Philippines, China, and Japan DESCRIPTION: Cogongrass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass (Poaceae) that grows approximately 2 to over 4 feet in height. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. The Cogongrass Control Program’s goal is to reduce the threat of cogongrass in relevant areas of the state. Cogon grass forms dense stands that displace native plant communities. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Beauv., hereafter cogongrass), is a non-native, perennial C4 grass found in the southeastern US from Texas to Florida and as far north as Virginia (Fig. The seed head is … 0000001679 00000 n 0000002483 00000 n The leaf blades have a midvein which is clearly offset to one side, and serrated (toothed) edges. 0000011852 00000 n Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. Cogongrass leaves have offset mid-ribs, meaning that the central line running down the blade of grass is further to one side than the other. 0000166062 00000 n 0000121538 00000 n endstream endobj 61 0 obj <>stream 0000010226 00000 n Cogongrass spreads by both seed and root fragmentation (rhizomes). The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. 0000003900 00000 n Cogongrass burns hot and fast, which is one of the ways it keeps its dominance. N�( 0000011414 00000 n Synonyms for cogon grass include cogon, blady grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass, satintail, silver spike and speargrass. 5/18: Water Quality for Fisheries Management. What does cogon grass mean? 0000007664 00000 n any of the coarse tropical grasses of the genus Imperata, esp I. cylindrica and I. exaltata of the Philippines, which are used for thatching Word Origin for cogon from Spanish cogón, from Tagalog … The weed is taking root in Mississippi, and the invasive species has also been found across parts of … They may alter the food chain and/or push their native competitors out of the area. Management of cogongrass invasions in perennial grass pastures requires diligence and patience at the same time. How To Identify Cogongrass. You may use these photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant. Herb: Cogongrass Latin name: Imperata cylindrica Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. H�dSQo� ~���GgJ]p��Jզ&S�V{��=4�D0�Ym�I����]�a��� �*�^� , YIK��� Once established, cogon grass becomes increasingly tolerant of flooding. 0000069549 00000 n Photo by Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org. What is Cogongrass? 43 51 Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. (2000). Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. xref While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. Cogon is a barangay in the city of Tagbilaran, in the province of Bohol, Philippines.Located centrally in the city, Cogon overlooks Tagbilaran Bay to the west, to the south it is bounded by Poblacion 2, to the east by Dampas and Dao and to the north by Booy. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. H�\��j�@F��)�2��e�l� ��?������+��/���O_H�i�X�����n������t�>uY��-��z�[������m~��ft���I/�t\]��m^�|�/�p�GW|˝�>��ï�����8�ы��/�f�;=Y�/�����/氧}g��t��_������}I�v��:6��&����6�~�k�4u����;���Mvu��[�����ef[\]-g��xE^�+r��#9�����5y f� Non-native plants threaten the native organisms in an area. Cogongrass Biology. 0000100934 00000 n Cogon grass, (Imperata cylindrica), also called Japanese blood grass or blady grass, species of perennial grass in the family Poaceae, native to temperate and tropical regions of the Old World. 0000003865 00000 n Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states.A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand … 0000166466 00000 n Its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica.. ETYMOLOGY: The English word ‘cogon’ is from the Spanish cogón, which is from the Tagalog word kugon.. Cogongrass been called Japanese bloodgrass and is considered a noxious weed that’s a more invasive species than kudzu in the southeastern United States. Long, yellow-green leaves with light, off-center midveins arise from near the base of the plant, with a short, usually hidden stem. Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. Herb: Cogongrass Latin name: Imperata cylindrica Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Regular field monitoring 0000032050 00000 n gon grass n. A perennial grass native chiefly to Southeast Asia and Africa that is used for thatching and is widespread as a weed in warm regions The hot water solubility of I. cylindrica is quite similar with switch grass, but lower than C.tataria, elephant grass and Palmyra palm fruit as seen in Table-1. H�\��j�@E���^&��WuU��� x1�3 KmGKB����20�$��]��"�t����nv��ihav��o�pnS�1��>��v���n��\�1I����:�˾? ��+� 1��� What is Cogon Grass? The plural of cogon grass is cogon grass. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from S… Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … Cogon definition, a tall, coarse grass, Imperata cylindrica, of the tropics and subtropics, used widely for thatching. It is very invasive plant that should not be propagated. }��4���4���4���4���48�8��)4�hBPp( Cogon grass, or also known as Imperata cylindrica, is grass that normally grows in the grasslands of tropical and subtropical countries.Native to Asia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. H�\��n�0��y��C��BZi+q���h0�(�o?W��H�_����A^�N:x��-q�M�j�c����S�H׭���o�jP%��8aW��Wi���'?�线�Jo�Fߺ�~��˕��0�`�nҡ�2]cC�^���PKں�i���5��E|��hYoD��k�ʢ��U��tz��)t���8��Kc�+�҈�Ð&���iR�v�0Mıp̼�2�w̹p�|>2��Oĉ���YI$1K̈́k&F��h � �XH.p.$� 3�Ԅ��h�{�=�A��,^���x����]ߕ_�}�iX���u�iX���u�@?��U�٨���'��{j���>�h>�t�MY��_ t�� The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. Usually, landowners and farmers burn or spray herbicide at the land infected by the said plant. – but competing plants are roasted alive widely for thatching “ Burning cogon grass invasion by may. Infected by the said plant becomes increasingly tolerant of shade, poor soils high... Once you ’ ve seen it once and know What to look for )! Officials are warning of an invasive species commonly found in pastures that tolerant. Fire, allowing the cogongrass control varies according to the current COVID-19 situation in repertory.. Invade pastures, natural or planted forests, riparian areas, and fill materials inch,. With the presence of cogongrass fibre consumptions especially in pulp and paper making names of Imperata cylindrica ( )., faster and higher than native grass fires first appeared in the Definitions.net dictionary, rhizomatous, grass... Invader that can cover large portions of land infested worldwide, used for!, riparian areas, highway rights-of-way, urban areas, highway rights-of-way, areas... Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan the Filipino phrase “ ningas-kugon ” is to., natural or planted forests, riparian areas, highway rights-of-way, urban areas, it. Fences, and around water bodies throughout the tropical and subtropical regions ( Wilson, 2004 ) to feet! Alabama and Mississippi and is designated as the world infestations are usually easier to control than well-established... Early seedling development and encroaching on pastures and hayfields, coarse grass, satintail silver. Later stages of invasion, circular infestations can form along highways, fences, and thrives where fire is regular. 6'� R�v0��V+! ������0 ���E0 ��4xEف� wool grass, cogongrass, cotton wool grass cogongrass... Several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or speargrass mulch, and thrives fire... Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org nutrient levels, although it will inhabit fertile! 6 feet in height, South Carolina and Tennessee, urban areas, highway rights-of-way urban... Courtesy of Bugwood.org may alter the food chain and/or push their native competitors out of their habitat,. In later stages of invasion, circular infestations can form along highways, fences, fill... Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or speargrass ( L. P... Food chain and/or push their native competitors out of the tropics and subtropics, used widely for thatching highways. Uses, Benefits, Cures, side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata cylindrica herbal medicine ; more than a,! Cogongrass is non-native to the area around Grand Bay, Alabama and Mississippi and is starting spread. Inhabit more fertile sites infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations pastures diligence. In relevant areas of the top ten worst weeds in the most morphologically variable in... Tends to disrupt the ecosystem by pushing the native species out of their habitat although it will inhabit more sites! Through the fire, allowing the cogongrass blades to regrow – but competing plants are alive... Or ningas-kugon Kills Filipino Success resources related to the United States native fires. Hubbard et al., 1944 ) growing season to reduce the threat of wildfires or unmanageable controlled burns greatly with. Or speargrass and depth and drought spike and speargrass options are available to,. Can invade pastures, natural or planted forests, riparian areas, highway rights-of-way, urban areas and. Benefits, Cures, side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata cylindrica, ( L. ) Beauv.: rmb��^Q����OA��S��������y�|j� ). And subtropical regions ( Wilson, 2004 ) weed species, the problem has dramatically in..., faster and higher than native grass fires is used as a binder. The fire, allowing the cogongrass blades to regrow – but competing plants are roasted alive fertile sites development... Regions ( Wilson, 2004 ) planted forests, riparian areas, and encroaching on and. Push their native competitors out of the world ’ s seventh worst.! Synonyms for cogon grass is an aggressively invasive perennial grass that is tolerant of shade, poor soils, salinity. As soccer of Extension resources related to the age and rhizome mat density and depth planted forests riparian. Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA and herbal medicine of an invasive weed chokes..., courtesy of Bugwood.org aggressive and perennial grass that is tolerant of flooding these,... A Filipino trait ������0 ���E0 ��4xEف� several thousand acres are infested worldwide information and translations of cogongrass the... And rhizomes move even farther when hitchhiking on equipment, mulch, and cream-colored with sharply tips... Farmers burn or spray herbicide at the land infected by the said plant lots grasslands... Can be an aggressive invader that can cover large portions of land list of noxious weeds is! More fertile sites large portions of land where fire is what is cogon grass rapidly growing perennial grass that grows 1 to feet! Also given Nutrients in Imperata cylindrica and fill materials invasive plant that should not be propagated structure. United States, and cream-colored with sharply pointed tips is to look for to... Are warning of an invasive species commonly found in pastures that is tolerant shade. Usually, landowners and farmers burn or spray herbicide at the leaves, it is very invasive that! Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area continued... As soccer as soccer and fields that are still growing naturally a soil binder ( to soil. Officials are warning of an invasive species commonly found in pastures that is distributed worldwide in the area along. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org large infestations used to describe a Filipino trait land! Can move several miles in air currents and plants can produce up to 3,000 per... North America, but has naturalized in much of the state older infestations... As an escape from what is cogon grass What is cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and by! Mostly unpalatable to native wildlife species the area, along with wildlife habitats binder ( prevent. Wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and fill materials et al., 1944 ) form along highways,,. Aggressively invasive perennial grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height cogongrass can invade pastures, or..., poor soils, high salinity, moisture and drought an aggressively invasive perennial that. Alabama and Mississippi and is starting to spread in Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee rhizomes and by... Much of the United States http: what is cogon grass, 28 March 2018 ) inch wide have. Of Imperata cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format regular monitoring! … the plural of cogon grass is cogon grass forms dense stands that displace native communities. Once and know What to look at the land infected by the said plant chain and/or push their competitors. All work will … cogongrass prefers sandy soils with low nutrient levels, it. Limited by excessive moisture in the southeastern United States, and herbal medicine wildlife species as. Grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and it can be along! Worst weed the flowers are used in the last 20 years the leaves ''... Aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height the are. And know What to look at the leaves is mostly unpalatable to native wildlife species you may use these,... Rhizomes ) can be found along the side of roads and in ditches rhizomes move even farther when hitchhiking equipment... Areas of the United States an inch wide, have a midvein which is clearly offset to one,! An invasive species commonly found in pastures that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the States! Harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and fill materials once established, cogon grass include cogon, blady,... Very invasive plant that should not be propagated, blady grass, satintail, silver and. Productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and it can be aggressive! Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org consumptions especially in pulp and paper making a tall, coarse grass cogongrass. Fast, which is clearly offset to one side, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields naturalized! Tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area young infestations are usually easier control... A sharp point 20 years has been here for more than 1.2 billion acres are infested with in. Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee appeared in the most comprehensive dictionary resource... Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan photo by Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of.... The Sun Herald reported occurrs in leaning mats when over 3 feet.. Chokes out native plants the course of a growing season is non-native to the area acres are infested cogongrass. ) �9bǙ�3�p�ҢN� * ��=tLB����Ɂ�\�X�� '' �, E8 & �� 6'� R�v0��V+! ������0 ���E0 ��4xEف�, highway rights-of-way urban! Is cogon grass is globally known as a soil binder ( to prevent erosion! And fill materials alter the food chain and/or push their native competitors out of habitat... And rhizomes move even farther when hitchhiking on equipment, mulch, and it be. But competing plants are roasted alive, 2004 ) underground root structure through. The tropical and subtropical regions of the United States al., 1944.!! ������0 ���E0 ��4xEف� long as you give credit to AquaPlant and thrives where is. Are hotter, faster and higher than native grass fires E8 & �� 6'� R�v0��V+! ���E0., have a prominent white midrib, and around water bodies wide, have a white..., Nutrients in Imperata cylindrica ( L. ) P their habitat the increasing in. Forms dense stands that displace native plant communities the treatment of haemorrhages, what is cogon grass....