However, there were suspensions even after reversals, when yet another tweet was reported. After Nawaz Sharif’s speech at the All Parties Conference, an FIR was registered against the PML-N leader and several other party members. Page 2 of 2 < Prev 1 2. De jure power stems from the law of the land, for example the Constitution of Pakistan; in contrast, de facto power stems from whoever has greater power in practice.. The Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will respect the intent of the donor relating to gifts for restricted purposes and those relating to the desire to remain anonymous. Many associated with the PTM have been charged with offences against the state under the PPC and PECA across the country. Unanimously quashing the government’s reference against Justice Qazi Faez Isa, the Supreme held that the reference was malafide in law, meaning that there were legal and procedural irregularities and illegalities in the manner it was put together. Without providing any details as is now standard procedure with the FIA, the summon stated he was “well aware of the facts/circumstances of the said complaint.” Earlier, on October 7, 2020, Amir Mir of Googly News – a channel on YouTube – tweeted a summon he received ordering his attendance at the FIA office, purportedly, in relation to a video deemed ‘anti-state’. ... Oliver explained, “frivolous suits with no legal merit specifically designed to stifle public debate or dissent. Despite being in the middle of an ongoing global pandemic, a crackdown against journalists, political activists and members of opposition appears to be the number one priority for the state in Pakistan. In 2020, the second wave of this crackdown continues under the PTI government. In December 2019, following the Students’ Solidarity March in Lahore, the organisers were charged with sedition. (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : the projecting jaws and nose of an animal : snout. This, as it later became apparent, was in connection to the FIR against him, even though an application to quash the FIR was already pending before court. And what of those who are not well known and have fewer resources? Which way this settles and for how long, remains to be seen. SPOTLIGHT | Muzzling Dissent: PECA’s Logical End, Dangerous Colonial Hangover: Time To Repeal Sedition Law. By midnight the same day, Jan was home. My disquiet finally reached a … The muzzling of the right: Coming to a House Committee near you ... no one has an exact definition because fascism is loosely defined, and often gets hurled as a dissent-killing insult, ... and well-meaning community organizations to lose their opportunity to participate in this cherished annual Oregon tradition. These aspects require consideration at the preliminary stages of a case. And yet, none of this prevented the harassment he and his family were subjected to during this time. During advocacy against PECA in 2015, members of opposition but also many within the journalist and legal fraternity undermined the threat it posed. Sometimes there are FIRs and sometimes there are summons in connection with ‘inquiries and investigations’. Posted by Lyle Shelton on September 29, 2019 Making some people unworthy of participation does not help debate. Ihtesham Afghan, a Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM) activist also discovered there was an FIR against him, through a news report. It’s taken all this for the realisation to sink in all around, what the gravity of the situation is. The idea of the Tories not appearing tough on unpleasant gang members with their violent dogs is simply unthinkable. To date, there is no acknowledgment nor traction on codes of conduct for party members. Sections 11 and 20 of PECA are frequently added to FIRs. It has even been compared to North Korean media for its extreme pro-government affinity and muzzling of dissent, and America’s Fox News which practises biased reporting in favour of the Republican Party. Anti-CAA protests: Centre âmuzzlingâ dissent, says Congress Special Correspondent New Delhi, December 19, ... the J&K definition on normalcy now prevails in the rest of the country,â he added. How Central Asian States are muzzling dissent to stop the spread of news about Covid-19 (Part 2) Imposing new restrictions on the freedom of peaceful assembly and of association On 25 February, Dulat Agadil, a civil society activist in Nur-Sultan, the capital of Kazakhstan, died in police. However, the legal requirements set out under different sections of the law for speech to qualify as an offence, are not met. Campuses . He first had to apply for protective/transitory bail before the IHC, then travel to the relevant court in Pindi and obtain pre-arrest bail there. His disappearance was later attributed to a case of “mistaken identity.” This is similar to journalist Matiullah Jan’s narration of his abduction in July 2020. To understand this, political economists differentiate between two competing forms of power: de jure versus de facto power. When on September 4, 2020, he did not return, his mother filed a habeas corpus petition before the Islamabad High Court (IHC) for recovery. Over the last few months, there have been a spate […] In the case of an FIR, bail is required – set at an amount determined by court – which means additional costs. Members are at liberty to move bills. ... as different interests compete to shape and define its collective meaning through the political process. There are several others and they are all still pending. Translations in context of "museler" in French-English from Reverso Context: En d'autres mots, le gouvernement veut museler l'opposition. The accused in a criminal case has to appear at every hearing. In some cases there were reversals and accounts were restored. One tweet or a post on social media is all it takes for coercive action under the law. Journalists, journalist unions, rights groups, the Pakistan Bar Council, members of opposition, all issued statements and called for his immediate recovery. But when it happens at home, the people who outrage against brigades in India, look the other way and even celebrate and justify the same acts here. Nigerian Government Muzzling Dissenting Voices - Amnesty International - Politics - Nairaland ... Amnesty International has said that Nigeria is trying to muzzle dissent by arresting and intimidating journalists and protesters. The Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will accept donations of cash or publicly traded securities. The one assigned to the thana where the case was registered or a designated PECA court since there were PECA offences in the FIR. The illusion that rule of law prevails or that protections under the law and Constitution are readily available to all, or the notion that surely the FIA and state “won’t go that far,” has finally shattered. The misuse of sedition laws, the rise of cultural nationalism and muzzling dissent amongst students and activists have contributed to an environment of apprehension and violence. The Sindh government and police took immediate notice. At the time it was FIA’s counter-terrorism wing which issued summons. The last thing the Home Secretary wants to do is gag the press. Most curious of all has been the addition of Section 37 of PECA to FIRs, which is not even an offence but an overbroad power given to the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) to regulate online content. He was accused of using derogatory language about state institutions and individuals on social media. Which court? Continue Reading â After much public outrage, calls for recovery and investigation into his disappearance, Syed returned home after nearly a day. On October 24, 2020, Mian Dawood, a Lahore-based lawyer and court reporter, tweeted a ‘notice of attendance u/s 160’ he received from the FIA, requiring him to present himself before the authority. Hi there! What meaning and practical value do Articles 4 and 10-A of the Constitution have? The charges included sedition but also Section 10 of PECA. Media and public attention was on his case throughout. Did Zulfi Bukhari Visit Israel For Normalisation Of Ties With Pakistan? Bangladesh’s main opposition website has been shut down amid accusations the government is muzzling dissent ahead of next week’s general election. Revisiting Sherbaz Khan Mazari’s Iconic Memoir On Power Play In Pakistan, In Another Incident Of Child Abuse, A 6-Year-Old Loses Eye Sight, Sahir’s Ode Of Love And Longing Commemorate Empress Nur Jahan, 3 Heartfelt Poems Expressing Grief Over The Fall Of Dhaka, Trump May Barricade Himself In The Oval Office, Refuse To Come Out Despite Defeat, New Directory Shows Cities In Pakistan Are Paying Taxes, Six Covid-19 Patients Died In Peshawar Due To ‘System Failure’ Says Inquiry Report, A Doctor’s Plea: “What If I Die Of Covid?”, Fall Of Dhaka And Pakistan’s Selective Amnesia, A General Election That Ended In Disaster With No Lessons Learned, The New Authoritarian Order Is Determined To Curb Free Speech. This, in addition to routine requests by the government – through PTA – to restrict content on one pretext or the other, as reflected in platform reports. ... inability to tolerate dissent made worse by the tendency to be driven to frenzy even by well-meaning criticism in the media. Checks need to be in place for that. But disbelief when it happens to others till it happens to you, only enables the culture of abuse and contributes to the culture of impunity. On October 26, 2020, Asad Ali Toor tweeted a copy of the summon he received from the FIA, ordering his attendance at their office. Toor received the summon at 9:32am, requiring him to be at the FIA office at 11am the same day. Certain other gifts, real property, personal property, in-kind gifts, non-liquid securities, and contributions whose sources are not transparent or whose use is restricted in some manner, must be reviewed prior to acceptance due to the special obligations raised or liabilities they may pose for Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). While PECA requires a warrant for search and seizure of devices, this is also a provision under the law FIA pays no heed to and violates. Continue Reading → Accounts supportive of or belonging to those affiliated with the PTM found themselves suspended over ‘privacy’ violations. Citizenship Amendment Act protests: Internet ban in parts of North East tantamount to muzzling voices of dissent The Citizenship Amendment Act seeks to amend, among other things, the criteria for illegal immigrants ... Ashtami, meaning 'the eighth', is dedicated to Goddess Mahagauri, one of the nine forms of Goddess Durga. That authority lies only with the FIA as the designated investigation agency. Section 10 (cyber terrorism) has to be applied in relation to Sections 6, 7, 8 or 9 of PECA, which pertain to unauthorised access, copying and interference with critical infrastructure or the glorification of an offence. The raid was also brought on record. The Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will provide acknowledgments to donors meeting tax requirements for property received by the charity as a gift. Yet citizens are subjected to illegal and roving investigations. If and when the trial commences is not known. More often, such states have become predatory, maintaining some order but also arresting opponents, muzzling dissent, nationalizing industries, and confiscating property. Both contained Sections 499 and 505 of PPC and Sections 11, 20 and 37 of PECA. Muzzling voices, silencing dissent By Guest on 1:44 am April 27, 2020 No Comment Share on Facebook Follow on Facebook Add to Google+ Connect â¦ Three days later, on September 14, 2020, journalist Asad Ali Toor tweeted a news report through which he came to know about an FIR against him. 3. a device, usu. Social media needed to be regulated, said many. While two separate cases, the FIRs were uncanningly similar. Platform manipulation through en masse reporting of selected accounts and tweets to stifle dissenting opinions has emerged as a new threat to expression. In August, journalist Imad Zafar tweeted about a call he received from the deputy director of the FIA in relation to a complaint against him by General (retd) Amjad Shoaib. v.t. If free expression, democractic freedoms, fundamental rights and the Constitution hold value, repealing sedition, criminal defamation laws, Sections 20 and 37 of PECA, is only a starting point. Accused of ‘hate speech’ and ‘defamatory’ remarks against state institutions, Farooqi was charged under Sections 500 and 505 of Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) and Sections 11 and 20 of PECA. Zafar later withdrew his tweet and posted saying he was sorry if anyone got hurt by the tweet ‘which was posted inadvertently’. L'ultima cosa che il Ministro dell'Interno vuole fare è imbavagliare la stampa. Gifts of in-kind services will be accepted at the discretion of the Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). The Congress today accused the central government of "muzzling dissent" and adopting an "ostrich-like approach" by "prosecuting" the newspaper and the journalist who exposed the alleged Aadhaar data breach. How censorship works: The government uses mass and arbitrary detention as a means of silencing dissent and forcing journalists into exile. Sharif’s FIR sparked a lot of debate on the misuse and misapplication of sedition laws. Alamgir Wazir was charged with sedition along with several others in Lahore. Each time a citizen goes “missing,” is arrested, has an FIR lodged against them or is summoned, depending on the profile of the individual, the network they are plugged into, politics of the day and ability of others to raise their voice for them, how soon they return and what eventually happens to the case against them, if often dependent on these variables. Discussion in 'The Study' started by jks9199, Jun 8, 2014. Required fields are marked *. There is no inquiry into the legality of the summons or FIRs, and resultant investigations – whether due authorisation as per law was obtained and the charge qualifies under the offence. On October 1, 2020 a summon issued to journalist Arshad Sulehri was tweeted by Jan. As Sulehri was in the process of filing a petition, his house was raided. Speech under Section 11 (Hate speech) must be ‘interfaith, sectarian or racial’ in nature. The investigation officer, when questioned by the court, said it was merely a ‘visit’ to confirm his home address. The government and its police evidently seek to silence any challenge by muzzling the activists. The Congress on Monday accused the central government of âmuzzling dissentâ and adopting an âostrich-like approachâ by âprosecutingâ the newspaper and the journalist who exposed the alleged Aadhaar data breach. ... as different interests compete to shape and define its collective meaning through the political process. A leading European human rights official has said new Polish plans to reform the judiciary are aimed at muzzling judges and has urged the country's Senate to reject them. 2. the mouth, or end for discharge, of the barrel of a gun, pistol, etc. With respect to anonymous gifts, the Public Broadcasting Network (PBN) will restrict information about the donor to only those staff members with a need to know. JNU Accused of Muzzling Dissent Again, Teachers Under Scanner This Time. As every criticism cannot be contempt of court and hence by the Contempt Court Act 1971, the legislation has tried to define and restrict the meaning of contempt of court. He was in the ‘northern areas’ with friends and did not have signals, is one version. 9th July 2014; Comments (1) Jeremy Sammut. The news of his abduction drew immediate outrage, statements by international and local groups, and calls for recovery. He spoke about the pressure from the present government, to register cases and how he would serve reminders about the procedure under PECA for non-cognizable sections of the law, under which the FIA cannot act without first seeking the court’s permission. What is said online is not completely disconnected from what transpires offline. Unless concrete changes are made in the law and procedures, there is accountability, and the weapons employed against citizens, journalists, activists and opposition are defanged, resistance merely through public posturing and speeches will inspire little faith. Below is a massive list of dissent words - that is, words related to dissent. Two days later, on September 11, 2020, an FIR was lodged against journalist and former PEMRA chairperson Absar Alam, under Sections 124-A (sedition), 131, 499 and 505 of the PPC, and 20 of PECA. Ultimately he had to approach the Supreme court, which granted him bail. This is the 656th edition of the Spotlight on Green News & Views (previously known as the Green Diary Rescue). But it was not as straightforward as that. There emerged a visible pattern: accounts of those affiliated with the PTM, AWP, Women’s Democratic Front and journalists – all those who were using social media to raise the issue of Pashteen’s arrest and the arrest of protestors in Islamabad – became targets. These included several workers of the Awami Workers Party (AWP). The literal meaning of contempt is to criticize. However, except for gifts of cash and publicly traded securities, no value shall be ascribed to any receipt or other form of substantiation of a gift received by Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). In Toor’s case, the FIR against him was registered in a far-flung tehsil of Rawalpindi. Acceptance of any contribution, gift or grant is at the discretion of the Public Broadcasting Network (PBN). Modi effectively cut off all communication with the media after coming to power in 2014, choosing instead to direct his messaging through tweets, radio programmes like Mann Ki Baat and fluffy staged interviews with pliant journalists. 4. to put a muzzle on (an animal or its mouth). The response from government officials was not just deflective but accusatory, painting themselves as victims, saying they were being “singled out.” A follow up statement endorsing the first and pointing towards a culture of abuse prevalent in all political parties was also issued. The police have no jurisdiction to register and prosecute cases under PECA. Democracy And Development: Why Pakistan Democratic Movement Matters? Multiple petitions were filed and clubbed together with his case arguing against the government’s actions. 2 : to differ in opinion Three of the justices dissented from the majority opinion. In the aftermath of the revocation of Article 370 in August 2019, both Facebook and Twitter came under heavy criticism and accusations of bias were leveled against the platforms for ‘censoring’ views critical of India’s actions and supportive of Kashmiris at the behest of the Indian government. Laws restricting free speech are therefore the antithesis of democracy, and they represent the â¦ Under PECA, both are non-cognizable and require the court’s permission but are often applied in conjunction with Section 10, a cognizable section under PECA, or then other cognizable sections of the PPC. Unless things change in the next few weeks, it would be the first time in the history of independent India that a prime minister will have spent an entire tenure without addressing a single press conference. Will the FIA and PTA be held to account for their excesses using powers available to parliamentary committees and its members, to seek answers and check abuse? But the clampdown is also generating pushback and creating pockets of resistance. translados.org It has the effect of muting their criticisms, meaning consensus is the most likely outcome as the election approaches. In most instances, those summoned or charged in FIRs do not know the specific content the complaint is in relation to. Laws restricting free speech are therefore the antithesis of democracy, … Here is the Oct. 31st edition. In January 2020, those protesting the arrest of Manzoor Pashteen in Islamabad were rounded up, arrested and put in jail. But how is this viable and sustainable? The Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) said authorities had closed the site since last week when they shut 54 news portals and websites for what they claimed were security reasons. Over the last few months, there have been a spate of FIRs against journalists while others have received summons ordering them to appear before the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) for questioning. An FIR was lodged by Syed’s brother, stating he had gone to a bakery near the house and did not return. On several occasions, the Human Rights Committees of the National Assembly and Senate have taken up the issue of FIA’s excesses. Leaving cases hanging is another harassment tactic. While the FIR against journalist Shahzeb Jillani under PECA was ultimately discharged by the magistrate as C-class, he had to obtain bail, appear before the FIA and do the round of courts. We had already witnessed the destruction of the Babri Masjid, the rising fortunes of the economic and cultural right-wing and the riots, lynchings, killing of artists, anti-intellectualism and the muzzling of dissent that accompanied them. This has costs attached. 2 a : a fastening or covering for the mouth of an animal used to prevent eating or biting. All legal and extra-legal tools available are being employed against dissidents. Turned out though, it was not in response to a direct government report but user reports citing impersonation under Twitter’s own Rules, that led to the suspension of the accounts. Such “legal” harassment usually achieves its goal of a retraction, apology or silence. On October 28, 2020, Executive Editor of AwamiKhabarnama.com, Umair Solangi, tweeted he was illegally detained by the Federal Investigation Agency’s (FIA) cybercrime wing. There is always the threat of cancellation of bail. Jun 11, 2014 #21. arnisador Sr. Grandmaster. ... which would mean they will not be allowed to express dissent. The sedition case against them is ongoing. Bizarre also was the explanation in Sajid Gondal’s case. dishonest practices of dissent muzzling, as well as the more or less open capture of Prestes Maia for ends of private of brand name valuation in the international art market. New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Wednesday said it would examine contentions that arrest of five civil rights activists in connection with Bhima Koregaon violence was an attempt at muzzling the voice of dissent. The phone call was followed by a summon. Tolerance has come to mean disdain for social viewpoints which run contrary to the cultural orthodoxy of the day. Law A judicial opinion reaching a conclusion contrary to that reached by the majority of judges deciding a case; a minority opinion. For now, the looming prospect of the general election seems to be prohibiting politicians' responses. ... criticized the Court for muzzling dissent and subsequently staged a protest in front of the Court. The burden then falls upon those accused to point out the legal flaws through court challenges and navigate the bureaucracy that comes with it. After their protests and bid to stage demonstrations across Andhra Pradesh demanding Special Category Status were foiled on Thursday, activists of the YSR Congress staged a â¦ There also surfaced Twitter users claiming credit for suspending the accounts, warning them not to violate the Rules. His disappearance was connected to the CCTV footage he had obtained, of Captain Safdar’s arrest from Avari hotel in Karachi. Later, the cybercrime wing detained social media activists associated with the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) – then in opposition – and registered FIRs against journalists. There are 440 dissent-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being objection, disagree, protest, disagreement and opposition.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. Lead anchors have been pushed off screen to YouTube channels. Prior to his disappearance, Jan was also issued a contempt notice by the Supreme Court, for a tweet about the Supreme’s Court’s short order in Justice Qazi Faez Isa’s case. Reversing such suspensions involved either deleting the reported tweet or filing an appeal and waiting for a decision. How Central Asian States are muzzling dissent to stop the spread of news about Covid-19 (Part 2) Imposing new restrictions on the freedom of peaceful assembly and of association On 25 February, Dulat Agadil, a civil society activist in Nur-Sultan, the capital of Kazakhstan, died in police. The writer is a freelance contributor with an interest in religion. Is PM Imran Khan Obsessed With The Media? In some cases the chilling effect is visible. Four years on, disqualified politicians find themselves censored in a stifled mainstream media. 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