The man blamed for bringing HIV to the United States just had his name cleared. In the early 1980s, Halifax business owner Rand Gaynor had taken a photo of Dugas that was later flashed around the world and that also fuelled his image as Patient Zero. “The Halifax community was so small, everyone knew everyone,” Gaynor recalls. However, many refute that there was ever a Patient Zero. Taken in 1980, they speak to a gay culture that hadn’t yet been knocked senseless by AIDS; the smiling man seems to be saying, “Come and get me.”. The footage shows Dugas speaking at the first AIDS Information Forum in March 1984 at Vancouver’s Westend Community Centre, asking difficult questions of some of the … PHOTO: WIKIMEDIA COMMONS In And the Band Played On , the 1987 best-selling account of the U.S. epidemic's early years, journalist Randy Shilts wrote in detail about Patient Zero, a Canadian named Gaétan Dugas who died from AIDS 3 years before the book was published. “They were always running racy headlines and trashy stories,” Gaynor says. It all started in New York City in the early 1970s. I bet they would be interested.”, Gaynor followed through, and indeed the swing-shot series of photos of Dugas appeared in a two-page spread in LIFE, and were later reprinted in some European newspapers and magazines. Doctors could not understand the cause and as far as anyone could figure out, the victims only shared one common trait: They were all gay.The strange illness seemed contained to a small group of gay men in New York at first. Clarification of Question by evillanu-ga on 06 Apr 2003 15:21 PDT Follow Committing Sociology on WordPress.com, An earlier version of this article was published in. And there his story may have ended but … , which celebrates the organization's 30th anniversary, AIDS Vancouver released, previously unseen footage of Gaëtan Dugas, Certain HIV Drugs May Prevent Common Cause of Vision Loss, Joseph Sonnabend, Doctor, Researcher, and Safer Sex Pioneer, Has Died, Actor Nathaniel Hall on Getting His HIV Diagnosis at Age 16, 'N.Y. "So you shouldn't fear someone who has AIDS, or have symptoms of AIDS," Dugas says in the video, leading up to a question on AIDS testing at the time. I need a picture of Gaetan Dugas, the legendary "Patient Zero" of the early 1980s. “I had had so many friends die at that point, or who [were] sick. “For many, the name Gaetan Dugas embodies the start of HIV/AIDS – yet most have never heard his story.”. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. While the Patient Zero theory was being widely disseminated throughout the media landscape, most gay men were dubious, at best. He was like, ‘Get a picture of my dick!’ It was typical of him — he was being outrageous.”. The group will release a new video every day in July, ending the month with a 30th anniversary celebration at Vancouver's Commodore Ballroom. AIDS Vancouver releases video and questions origin of the "Patient Zero" theory popularized in Randy Shilts’s And the Band Played On: Politics, People, and the AIDS Epidemic. Soon, however, the number of infected men began to double each year until almost seven per… After that, the theory became fact, with news outlets like Time and The New York Post stating unequivocally that Dugas had brought the epidemic to America. Beauty and the Beautiful, Death and Dying, Gender & Sexuality, Sex and Sexuality, The images are an unusual mix of sexual playfulness and innocence. 1:38 AM, Aug. 19, 2019 An earlier version of this article said that Gaetan Dugas was cleared of being “Patient Zero” in the U.S. AIDS epidemic … These thirty videos will share the stories of the doctors, the nurses, the scientists, the community members, the advocates, and the families who were touched and inspired to make change by this epidemic." Gaynor says he eventually lost touch with Dugas, as Air Canada moved its flight attendants out of Halifax. “I got $200 for them. Times' Journalist Linda Villarosa Writes Our Lives, CDC: 1 in 5 People in the U.S. Have an STI, 25 Years On, Mariah Carey, Boyz II Men's 'One Sweet Day' Still Heals. “I got $200 for them. A new HIV study clears the name of Gaëtan Dugas, called patient zero, and provides new insight into how the virus spread to the United States. Dugas had been a hairdresser in Toronto but now he was a flight attendant. In 1987, when panic about the AIDS epidemic was running rampant, journalist Randy Shilts would release his tome on the then-fatal disease, And the Band Played On: Politics, People, and the AIDS Epidemic. He was allegedly HIV Patient O (the O standing for 'outside the area' in a California study) or HIV Patient Zero, a French-Canadian flight attendant suspected of being a major source of the early spread of AIDS in North America. Rand Gaynor took the photos of his friend Gaétan Dugas in a Toronto park on a warm afternoon. ‘You’re not going to make him into a monster,’ I said to him.”. Dugas has never been definitively pinpointed as the first North American with AIDS by the scientific community, but he gained notoriety as such in San Francisco Chronicle reporter Randy Shilts’s notorious book, And the Band Played On: Politics, People, and the AIDS Epidemic. He said it was his goal to have sex with a different man every night. The “charismatic,” “kind,” and “energetic,” but ultimately doomed young Canadian returned home to Quebec and decided to volunteer at a clinic for HIV-infected men in Canada. Randy Shilts’s depiction of Gaétan Dugas as “Patient Zero” travelled around the world and a variety of groups deployed the story for widely diverging purposes. They both lived in Halifax at the time, but bumped into each other by sheer coincidence. The 1984 video with Dugas can be viewed at 3030.AIDSVancouver.org. Gaynor learned the photos he had taken of his late friend were of interest when he got a call from a reporter at a Halifax tabloid daily. Years later, they reconnected in Vancouver where Dugas lived for the last two years of his life. Important to note that Shilts never explicitly stated that Dugas had brought AIDS to North America, but that “there’s no doubt that Gaétan played a key role in spreading the new virus from one end of the United States to the other.”. New research has found he might not have had anything to do with the onset of the disease. In fact, Dugas responsibly cooperated with scientists who were first researching the disease, and the blood samples he donated helped the scientific community to establish the connection between HIV and AIDS. Dugas reportedly had 250 sexual partners per year – and his ‘deviant’ sexual practices and awareness of his HIV-positive status augmented both his liability and immorality. “I started taking some photos and he insisted I get his crotch, as he was wearing short shorts and was going commando [not wearing any underwear]. A quarter-century of epidemiological, political, and cultural transformation. The (possible) patient zero: French-Canadian flight attendant Gaëtan Dugas The viral story: We may rarely know the true first case of a new deadly … Dugas' identity as the peripatetic Patient Zero was confirmed last week by Professor Marcus Conant of the University of California at San Francisco, a pioneer AIDS researcher. Their lifestyle was to be envied. Photo by Rand Gaynor The best-known photograph of Dugas, right, was taken by Haligonian RandGaynor, was the subject of a lecture entitled, "Lignt in the Loafers: The Gaynor Photograph of Gaetan Dugas and the Invention of Patient Zero" at Saint Mary's University in January, 2006 by RobinMetcalfe. The book began to get some media attention, but Patient Zero only became a household term after 60 Minutes — then one of the highest-rated shows on network television — did an entire segment on the idea. In 1984, Dugas became one of the 700,000 North Americans who would perish from an AIDS-related illness. 1980. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! After hanging up the phone, a friend who happened to be with Gaynor advised him to take the photos somewhere else. They were worldly and had trendy clothes. Before Dugas died from AIDS in 1984, at age 31, he’d cooperated fully with health officials in efforts to map the evolution of the disease. For more information, go to www.stevenreigns.com. There was something exotic about them. PHOTO: WIKIMEDIA COMMONS In And the Band Played On , the 1987 best-selling account of the U.S. epidemic's early years, journalist Randy Shilts wrote in detail about Patient Zero, a Canadian named Gaétan Dugas who died from AIDS 3 years before the book was published. Before Dugas died from AIDS in 1984, at age 31, he’d cooperated fully with health officials in efforts to map the evolution of the disease. Dugas was far from the last person with AIDS to be painted as a monster. A smiling, handsome blond man swings gleefully in a park, legs spread. Ca. In the late 1970s, Quebecois flight attendant Gaetan Dugas was openly and proudly gay, described by friends as flamboyant, sexual and generous, … In the late 1970s, Quebecois flight attendant Gaetan Dugas was openly and proudly gay, described by friends as flamboyant, sexual and generous, with a supportive family and penchant for makeup. “Gaétan had a wonderful style about him, a great wit. Dugas stood at about five feet, seven inches, had a good body, green eyes, sandy blond hair and, according to Tivey, wonderful skin. New research has proved that Gaëtan Dugas, a French-Canadian flight attendant who was dubbed “patient zero,R… Gaynor followed through, and indeed the swing-shot series of photos of Dugas appeared in a two-page spread in LIFE, and were later reprinted in some European newspapers and magazines. A new biography of Freddie Mercury, 'Somebody to Love,' will be released shortly after the 25th anniversary of the singer's death. June 5 marks the 25th anniversary of the first medical report on what later became known as AIDS. Ca. Figure][1] Gaétan Dugas, infamously, and wrongly, labeled Patient Zero. I told them bluntly that the photos were not for sale. It seemed as though it could make sense.”. Steven Reigns reads at Queer Mondays, organized by Ian MacKinnon at Highways Performance Space, from his new collection Inheritance. “It seemed believable and it was so widely reported. By hunting down former boyfriends of men in the 1984 study, Mr. Shilts established that the flight attendant was Mr. Dugas, who was born in Quebec but lived his last … Aids blamed on ‘Patient Zero’ man for decades because of horrifying typo. It wasn’t a huge surprise. "It seems like there's kind of a [fear] towards those people here. Dugas … The connections started falling into place. All of the city’s early infections would be traced to Dugas… He had matured into a handsome man. Dugas' charm proved unfailing: he sweet-talked the man into having sex again. “I got $200 for them. Of the first 19 cases of GRID in Los Angeles, four had had sex with Gaetan Dugas. But the mainstream media immediately picked up on a different story: Shilts’ research led him to the theory of Patient Zero. Gaynor followed through, and indeed the swing-shot series of photos of Dugas appeared in a two-page spread in LIFE, and were later reprinted in some European newspapers and magazines. Photos: Patients zero ... Gaetan Dugas PHOTO: Fair Use ... published in the journal Nature last month, cleared Dugas’ name and provided strong … I knew 30 people who died of AIDS. A new study pinpoints exactly when HIV arrived in the U.S., while also exonerating Gaëtan Dugas, a man once branded as "patient zero" and blamed for starting the outbreak. And there his story may have ended but for US journalist Randy Shilts. Required fields are marked *. In 1984, Dugas became one of the 700,000 North Americans who would perish from an AIDS-related illness. Patient Zero, and other myths about HIV/AIDS - Chicago Tribune See story here: http://bit.ly/12wqYyfRichard McKay on Gaetan Dugas, the so-called Patient Zero “Gaétan lived here because Air Canada based its flight attendants here for a number of years. Even the name “Patient Zero” was erroneous: the Center for Disease Control originally referred to Dugas as the letter “O,” meaning he was from outside California. Toronto filmmaker John Greyson even made a musical comedy about Dugas, Zero Patience, a 1993 feature that pointed out that Dugas became a convenient scapegoat, a modern-day vampire story, to explain how AIDS arrived in America. Figure][1] Gaétan Dugas, infamously, and wrongly, labeled Patient Zero. Somehow, that letter got reinterpreted as a zero. In subsequent years, the demonization often turned toward black men like Nushawn Williams and “Tiger Mandingo. Dugas was a French Canadian flight attendant – one of many same sex-desiring men who found careers and joy flying the skies with United, American, and other airlines. Aids blamed on ‘Patient Zero’ man for decades because of horrifying typo. “The whole point of my musical was that Gaétan was egregiously villainized by Shilts and the mass media,” Greyson says now. 1980. “They said they were going to send someone over right away to pick up the photos and they said they’d pay me $50 for them. The memories of Dugas and his photos were stirred up for Gaynor a few weeks ago, when scientific researchers announced new evidence indicating that AIDS arrived in North America in the early 1970s. In the early 1980s, Halifax business owner Rand Gaynor had taken a photo of Dugas that was later flashed around the world and that also fuelled his image as Patient Zero. Gaynor followed through, and indeed the swing-shot series of photos of Dugas appeared in a two-page spread in LIFE, and were later reprinted in some European newspapers and magazines. “I was experiencing so much sadness it was hard to take it in.”, Your email address will not be published. “Gaétan was very sexual, he was always cruising,” recalls Gaynor, who now runs a gift shop in Halifax. And he loved sex. Steven Reigns reads at Queer Mondays, organized by Ian MacKinnon at Highways Performance Space, from his new collection Inheritance. “And perhaps for the crass cynical reasons of trying to make And the Band Played On a bestseller.”. In total, Dugas estimated he’d had around 750 sexual partners over the past three years and provided the CDC with roughly 10 percent of their names. They paid by the square inch.” (That the photos would appear in LIFE was itself ironic, given that AIDS activists were critical of the magazine’s sensational coverage of the epidemic.). ", “This never before seen footage provides us with a snapshot into the life of one of the most talked-about figures in the early days of the epidemic,” said Dr. Brian Chittock, the executive director of AIDS Vancouver. Noah Stewart, a founding member of AIDS Vancouver, also questions the origins of the "Patient Zero" theory and popular views of Dugas’s life within the video. The footage shows Dugas speaking at the first AIDS Information Forum in March 1984 at Vancouver’s Westend Community Centre, asking difficult questions of some of the world’s top experts sitting on the forum’s panel. Invasion of the Vote Snatchers: Trump and Ford’s Political Victories Evoke a Classic 1956 Horror Movie. That means the entire Patient Zero theory is bunk. Your email address will not be published. Photo by Rand Gaynor The best-known photograph of Dugas, right, was taken by Haligonian RandGaynor, was the subject of a lecture entitled, "Lignt in the Loafers: The Gaynor Photograph of Gaetan Dugas and the Invention of Patient Zero" at Saint … He was a party boy. The month long 30 30 campaign and website "chronicles the untold stories from the leaders of the HIV movement in Vancouver. “I got $200 for them. His name is everywhere now. Dugas, who was being treated for the cancer Kaposi sarcoma, provided researchers with a wealth of resources — including plasma samples and several of … Young, seemingly healthy men, were suddenly dying at alarming rates. As part of The 30 30 Campaign, which celebrates the organization's 30th anniversary, AIDS Vancouver released previously unseen footage of Gaëtan Dugas, commonly known as "Patient Zero" of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. A new HIV study clears the name of Gaëtan Dugas, called patient zero, and provides new insight into how the virus spread to the United States. Gaetan Dugas (pictured), a a flight attendant at Air Canada, was labeled as Patient Zero in a 1984 study. I remember a picture of him posing for the camera (not the one with him apparently diving into a pool feet first). Gaynor says he believed the Patient Zero theory when he initially read about it. IMAGE CREDITS: featured image: Gaétan Dugas, seen here in 1980, was for years unfairly blamed by many media outlets for the spread of the AIDS epidemic in North America (photo credit: Rand Gaynor); 1st image: Gaétan Dugas playfully swings in a park in Toronto in 1980 (photo credit: Rand Gaynor); 2nd image: Gaétan Dugas (photo credit: Rand Gaynor). It was glamorous. For more information, go to www.stevenreigns.com. Gaynor, now 67, never imagined the photos would become sought after. French-Canadian flight attendant Gaetan Dugas pays his first known visit to New York City bathhouses. Patient Zero Speaks in Never Before Seen Footage. Medical Figure. He doesn’t clearly recall how he heard about Dugas’ death in 1984. You’ve heard of Gaetan Dugas, even if you don’t know his name. He loved being outrageous.”. The book was noteworthy for its extensive documentation of the deaf ear the Reagan administration had for anything related to the disease — no real prevention campaign, no outreach to the gay community (nor other minority communities impacted by the epidemic), and not even a public mention of the disease by the commander in chief for years. Dugas, while he wasn’t patient zero, he did have unprotected sex with men when he knew he was sick with a sexually transmitted disease. “Why not go to LIFE magazine? Of the first 19 cases of GRID in Los Angeles, four had had sex with Gaetan Dugas. That was supposedly Dugas, a promiscuous gay flight attendant who had died of AIDS and who, the research seemed to suggest, may well have brought HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) to North America, due to his extensive travel and his promiscuity. As part of The 30 30 Campaign, which celebrates the organization's 30th anniversary, AIDS Vancouver released previously unseen footage of Gaëtan Dugas, commonly known as "Patient Zero" of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.. Dugas has long been identified as HIV ’s “Patient Zero,” who was often characterized by media reports as an irresponsible flight attendant whose promiscuity sparked the AIDS epidemic in North America in the 1980s and 1990s. The connections started falling into place. Video gaetan dugas last photo Dugas, infamously, and cultural transformation him — he was a flight Gaetan. Death in 1984, Dugas became one of the Vote Snatchers: Trump and ’. Could make sense. ” the early 1970s “ I was experiencing so much sadness it was his to. 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