See our care tab below for more details. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Black tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica, is a nativ e tree found in the eastern United State zones 3-9. Flowers Inconspicuous. Bark: It has a straight trunk, and the bark is very scaly and gray. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. Black Tupelo The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. Fruiting phenology: mid-June through August. Bark Dark Brown or Dark Gray, Furrowed or Smooth. Black tupelo makes a good street or parking lot tree for suburban neighborhoods, possibly for downtown areas. Its wood is light and soft but tough, and the tree is sometimes grown as an ornamental. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. © 2020 New Blooms Nursery. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Black Tupelo Tree OTHER COMMON ... BARK: It is gray to dark brown or black, deeper fissured on older trunks. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black tupelo or sour gum, is a distinctive and beautiful tree native to Indiana and much of the eastern United States. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. The bark of a mature tree is very coarse and resembles the hide of an alligator. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. blocky ornamental bark at maturity. Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in … Fire-wagon red with mottled darker red splotches, Bright green in early spring darkening with summer, Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… When caring for these trees we recommend maintaining the usual mulch ring to protect the tree from elements, competing plants, and yard equipment for the first few years. Tupelo lesion happens when the Fusarium solani fungus attacks, resulting in the bark swelling up and becoming rough. The tree's leaves are ovate shaped, or can possibly be elliptical or ovular, and they are spaced out in an opposite manner. They are frequently confused with the similar leaves of Common Persimmon. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo / Black Gum Tree Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. The trees typically reach 9–15 metres (30–50 feet) or more in height. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." It also plays an important role in honey production, as the hollow trunk allows denning and nesting opportunities for wild bees. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, and is primarily known for its spectacular autumn colors. It is one of the last trees to leaf out in the spring and one of the first to lose its leaves in the fall. Wildlife: Pollinated by natives bees and honeybees (as in tupelo … The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. I will update review in spring 2021. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. The closely related water tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. For now, I am giving 1 star. In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. Aug 9, 2014 - Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. The bark on young trees is dark gray to brownish-gray and is divided into vertical ridges. Status: Out of Stock They prefer to grow on well-drained soils on the bottom of mountains and plains with silty alluvium. Leaves change from green/orange quickly to red with mottled darker red splotches that make it deeper in color, but simultaneously more brilliant than many of the maple cultivars. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Does amazingly well in wet, compacted soils typi- cal of many urban areas with highly disturbed clay soil. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. It is often put in public parks for this reason, and because in the summer its verdant foliage provides ample shade.  Its’ woods is also famed for its durability and density, leading to it having been used for things that require great durabilities, such as wheels and machine parts. All rights reserved. In summer they are shiny dark green above and downy below. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. We can already start to see some of the bark becoming scaly if we look at the trunk close enough! The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. This deciduous tree is found throughout the United States, mostly east of the Mississippi on the continental US and in southern Ontario, but also with significant populations in Lousiana, Missouri, and Texas. The twigs of the tree are reddish-brown, hidden by a greyish skin. As the tree ages, its distinctive bark can resemble The closely related water tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. One black gum tree … The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. Tree was well packed. Flowers: Blackgum is primarily dioecious which means that there are male trees and female trees; however, sometimes both flower parts can occur on the same tree. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. Nyssa L. – tupelo Species: Nyssa sylvatica Marshall – blackgum Subordinate Taxa. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. One characteristic of this tree is the conspicuously swollen base. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica On mature trees bark is deeply and narrowly fissured with oblong blocks resembling alligator leather. The name of the tree “Tupelo” comes from the Muscogee language, as a combination of the words “ito” (tree) and “opilwa” (swamp). Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. 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