FRIED, J.S., J.R. BOYLE, J.C. TAPPEINER II, and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990. Bigleaf maple seedling establishment and early growth in Douglas-fir forests. Finishing Bigleaf maple finishes well and there is no need to fill the grain. Seeds ripen early in September and October, and are dispersed by the wind from October through January. Best results for planning were obtained with hook angles of 20°. The suitability of prospective sites should be carefully evaluated before management of bigleaf maple on site is attempted. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. endstream endobj 289 0 obj <>stream The glue line can be visible when darker resins are used because of the wood’s light color. Leaves Palmate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Old or damaged trees commonly have serious defects caused by wood-rotting fungi, which invade through stem and branch wounds. It frequently grows in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump. The growth rings on the end grain are not very distinct; on the radial and tangential surfaces, however, the growth rings (diffuse porous) and are moderately small to medium in size. Size and Shape of the Big Leaf Maple This tree can be anywhere from 20 feet to 100 feet tall and wide depending on the environment. 1 Shop, No. Ecological Role Bigleaf maple increases in abundance during intermediate to late stages of succession. BIGLEAF MAPLE, OREGON MAPLE. Yields of about 4500 ft3 per acre were estimated for 70-year-old stands of pure bigleaf maple in British Columbia. Delayed establishment of bigleaf maple seedlings in conifer plantations is a sensible strategy, since maple naturally establishes and grows under partial cover. Individual maple stumps can produce up to 60 basal sprouts, and shoots can grow 2 m or more in height annually (Figure 1) (Lauterbach and Warren 1982; Cole and Newton 1990). One study indicates a high sensitivity to toxic boron in the soil. A rotation age of 40 to 50 years may be feasible in managed stands. (560 to 6600 mm) annually, and from 2 to 46 in. {�W�[$�` d�I* It grows best on deep, well-drained soils with abundant moisture, conditions that occur most commonly on river terraces, flood plains, and seepage areas. Add to My Plant List; Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is a large deciduous tree. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. 1 Common or Better green lumber from bigleaf maple logs (80 percent and 58 percent for grade 1 and 2 logs, respectively) that is quite good compared to other hardwoods (Appendix 1, Table 2). Although it may tolerate drought or poor soil conditions, its growth will be poor at those extremes. Interactions with Wildlife Damage caused by deer and elk is probably the most important factor affecting the height and form of bigleaf maple seedlings and sprouts. Gross annual volume growth on these plots was about 140 ft3 per acre. Call us at 1 315 4971058. With even-aged mixtures or short (less than 10 years) delays in bigleaf maple establishment, maple sawtimber can be harvested at the same time as associated conifers. Effects of bigleaf maple on soils in Douglas-fir forests. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on … h��ZmO�0�+����/���F��iBC����6�N��� ��s�@7H),k�����l?ϝ/q Longevity Greater than 150 years. Drying and Shrinkage Under properly controlled conditions, bigleaf maple can be successfully kiln-dried in a short time with a minimum of degrade. Continuing diameter growth on mature trees. But they can grow up to 40-50 metres (131-164 feet) tall. In southern California, it may be found from 3000 to 7000 ft; at the northern end of its range it seldom occurs above 1000 ft in elevation. R.M. Seedlings and saplings are often clipped by mountain beaver. Although some forest nurseries are producing bigleaf maple on a trial basis, commercial supplies of maple seedlings are not consistently available. It does machine, sand and finish very well though. Bigleaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest. All viable seeds will germinate in the first year; delayed germination does not occur. Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf or Oregon Maple) is a large deciduous tree. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20:259-266. Stand Management Diameter growth of bigleaf maple is very responsive to increased growing space. The verticillium wilt (Verticillium albo-atrum) can be a serious problem for ornamental trees and it sometimes kills bigleaf maple in the forest. maximum). See Table below for an appropriate kiln schedule for 4/4, 5/4, and 6/4 lumber. Common shrub and herb associates include serviceberry, salal, red huckleberry, devil’s-club, Pacific rhododendron, thimbleberry, salmonberry, vine maple, and hazel. To maintain moderate crowding, stands should not be opened too much initially. Roundheaded borers often damage the wood of dead and dying trees. Tolerance, Crown Position Bigleaf maple occurs as a dominant, codominant, or intermediate tree in even- or uneven-aged stands. To ensure a supply of maple seedlings, arrangements must first be made for collection of seed and for production of seedlings at a qualified nursery. Width: 30 - 50 feet. 207 29 If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Within its range, precipitation varies from 22 to 260 in. Oregon Forest Products Laboratory, State Board of Forestry and School of Forestry, Corvallis. Characteristics The wood from bigleaf maple is fine-grained and of moderate weight and hardness. Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 - 40 m (99 - 131 ft) high. 3 Shop, and Frame. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Its most common association are Douglas-fir, grand-fir, red alder, Sitka spruce, western redcedar, western hemlock, Pacific dogwood, and Pacific madrone. Hibbs. It is often regarded as weed tree because of its prolific growth and lack of economic value. Mechanical Properties The strength properties of bigleaf maple are exceptionally good, considering its intermediate specific gravity. Open-grown trees have broad, rounded crowns on short, branching boles. Growth rate: fast Special features: supports hummingbirds, wildlife favorite; With huge 8—12” leaves, the Bigleaf Maple is not easily confused with any other maple. Unlike the standard NHLA grading rules, these grasdes are generally based on the best face of the piece. Bigleaf maple is moderately long-lived; some individuals may reach 300 years of age. There are from 2700 to 4000 seeds/lb. Genetics In genetics research, the major interest is in cultivars for ornamental uses. Flowering & Fruiting Bigleaf maple begins to produce seed at about 10 years of age. Natural rates of establishment are low under dense shade or in clearcuts. It usually grows from near the Pacific Ocean to a maximum of 186 miles inland. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). There are no established guides or site-index curves for estimating the productivity of a site for bigleaf maple. As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. Powderpost beetles (Ptilinus basalis) may rapidly infest dead trees or lumber that is improperly stored. Flowers Inconspicuous. G-4. bigleaf maple growth rate; bigleaf maple growth rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. 1955. about the bigleaf maple dieback issue, has raised awareness of another pathogen affecting bigleaf maple in California. Acer stellatum Greene. in DBH (133 in. Strength and stiffness of red alder and bigleaf maple pallet materials. Insects and Diseases Young, undamaged trees are generally free of serious disease or decay. Dense brush and understory vegetation inhibit natural regeneration. About 18 percent of the total hardwood volume in the Pacific Northwest is bigleaf maple. Red Maple Trees and Hybrids Red maple (A. rubrum, USDA zones 3 … Yellow flowers grow in drooping 6 inch clusters in the spring before the emergence of bright green leaves. Bigleaf maple stump sprouts must be controlled or thinned to prevent the early suppression of associated seedlings. 288 0 obj <>stream It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - … Xyllela fastidiosa is transmitted from diseased to healthy plants by insects with piercing and sucking mouthparts. The flowers are yellow, fragrant, and produced in noddling racemes It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The carpenter worm (Prionoxystus robinae) can cause serious damage in living trees of all sizes. Bigleaf maple appears to be somewhat tolerant of wet conditions, as indicated by its shallow, spreading root system and its common presence in wet areas. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18:1226-1233. Xylella fastidiosa, a bacteria, is causing maple leaf scorch in northeast California (Woodruff 2011). Survival, age and height distributions, and stocking of bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) seedlings were studied in 1- to 250-yr-old Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) stands in western Oregon to identify the stages in stand development in which bigleaf maple is most likely to establish successfully from seed. Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple has sweet sap that can be made into syrup. Tree Characteristics. If the outplanting site is known, parent trees should be selected from nearby locale that has conditions similar to the outplanting site. Bigleaf maple provides an important broadleaved, deciduous component in the coniferous forests of the Northwest. Bigleaf maples grow very quickly when young, but slow their growth rate with age. Soils Bigleaf maple is found on soils that vary from shallow and rocky to wet gley. 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