Choose from our varied collection of challah covers! As such, let the food be brought in after Kiddush. (Presumably, the same would be true at seudah shlishit.) © The Jewish Press 2020. Each question opens our heart to new answers and new questions to more fully appreciate the beauties of Torah. Why do we cover the challah during the recitation of kiddush, and for how long should the challah remain covered? Covering the challah is more about the framing of Shabbat than it is about the feelings of gluten. Reply, To Aaron Baruch: Recently, I was contacted by the leadership of the town of Soncino, Italy, requesting information about the use of bread among Jews for a special “bread festival” in their region. Even though we are ordered, at Kiddush, to put the wine first, oneg shabbat, we must not slight the bread, and cover it "to avoid it's embarressment," when we slight it. On Shabbat, we make Kiddush over wine before saying a blessing over the challah. The ball of dough is left in a covered bowl to go through the first rise. she’ein). Reply, Are 2 challot necessary for seudat shlishit?Thank you, Shavua tov Wiki User Answered . Jewish literature often likens Shabbat to a bride. Covering the Challot at Seoudah Shlishit? They're under the impression that it's a full day of work. At this point, Jews making challah will pause to separate challah. ... Just refrigerate the dough, wrapped loosely in plastic wrap and covered with a plastic bag or large bowl, overnight. From this Talmudic statement developed the custom that the challah rests on a challah board, and is covered by a cloth, representing the “box” that the manna rested in. I love the idea of baking challah, but it’s very time-consuming. We therefore cover the bread (“wheat”) in order that it not be “shamed” by the fact that we drink the kiddush wine (“grapes”) before we partake of the challah.9. For detailed directions on how to do the mitzvah of challah, and the blessing to recite when taking challah, visit the instruction guides at Chabad.org, the Star K, or the OU. A challah cover is a special cloth used to cover the two braided loaves set out on the table at the beginning of a Shabbat or Yom Tov meal. Body of Prominent Russian Scientist Alexander ‘Sasha’ Kagansky Found Stabbed in St. Petersburg, Iran-linked Hackers Brag ‘We Breached Israel Aerospace Industries’, Israel Blocks Arrivals from South Africa, Also Hit by Mutant Coronavirus Variant, Finally: Orthodox Rabbis Attack Raphael Warnock’s Anti-Semitism, Turning on the Switch – Returning Home [audio], Religious Liberty and Pandemic – The Jay Shapiro Show [audio]. There is also an egg-free option, so vegans can get their challah fix, too. Tosafot quotes a different Talmudic passage that sheds light on this issue. Share on Facebook. for a fascinating explanation. Why are we supposed the cover the challah to begin with? Reply, Thank you Rabbi! The She’iltot explains that waiting until after Kiddush to bring out the food indicates that the meal is in honor of Shabbat (she’ilta 54). According to Jewish tradition, the three Sabbath meals (Friday night, Saturday lunch, and Saturday late afternoon) and two holiday meals (one at night and lunch the following day) each begin with two complete loaves of bread. My challah crumbles when we cut it. The manna miracle allowed for the Jewish people to survive in the desert for 40 years, each day manna would fall from the sky miraculously. But why? Rather, a small table with food was brought before each diner. 3 4 5. When I first dove into my challahventures, a dear friend sent me a link to this Instagram profile- Mandylicious: The Challah Guru . © Copyright, all rights reserved. Less is more, so before adding more and more flour while kneading, just add a dusting to take the stickiness out. Others say that it is so as not to "embarrass" the bread as we are reciting the Kiddush before HaMotzei. Her challah is not as airy and brioche-like as most “good” challahs I’ve encountered in my life, and that’s why I love it. Each day more joys. Since the manna was ensconced by two layers of dew (one above and one below), we cover the bread so that it, too, has a layer of protection above and below it.[iii]. Challah Braids It seems no one knows why a challah is braided. Like an acronym of some kind? It appears not to be a mitzvah biblical or rabbinic. Challah is already looking dark brown on the outside, but is only part way through the baking process: In this case, cover the top of the challah with a piece of aluminum foil to prevent the challah from further browning, while allowing the inside to finish cooking. The loaves are typically covered with a fancy cloth too. Nefesh HaRav p. 159). As the challah is separated and thrown into the oven, the following blessing is recited: Baruch ata Adonai, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, asher kideshanu be-mitzvosav ve-tzivanu lehafrish challah min ha-isah. Instead, it’s any kind of bread (lechem) that has been sanctified in a certain way. Rabbi Menachem Posner serves as staff editor at Chabad.org, the world’s largest Jewish informational website. Separation of challah is one of the 613 mitzvot. Just like the congregants who bow before going up to the ark, we cover the challah because generations past have done it. rules otherwise). The challah we eat on Shabbat is actually in place of that manna. 2010-04-22 08:18:10 2010-04-22 08:18:10. Why is challah considered Jewish bread? Why is challah bread kosher? Place two of the strands next to each other vertically. Wiki User Answered . No wonder we continue to grow! The manna was covered with a light covering of dew to protect it. But now that dining rooms feature one large table for all diners, removing this table from the room and then schlepping it back in would not only be quite difficult but also constitute an inappropriate interruption between Kiddush and the meal. At first glance, this passage – which indicates that the table should be prepared before one returns home from shul, which is necessarily before Kiddush – contradicts the rule in Tractate Pesachim that the (individually-sized) table(s) should not be brought in until after Kiddush. By Yosef Brecher. There are those who require two loaves (following the opinion of Rambam). 4.7 out of 5 stars 14. [i] One could claim that all the food for the first course should be placed on the table and covered (cf. According to Halacha, all kosher bread is okay. The rationale behind this ruling is apparently the importance of recalling the manna at every meal. Yet, at every Shabbat or Yom Tov table, the bread is covered. I think it could be an allusion to the braided hair of the Shabbos Queen, covered for modesty. Top Answer. Indeed, the practice of the Vilna Gaon was not to have the bread on the table at all during Kiddush (Maaseh Rav 118). If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's. This prompted me to think a bit more about the role challah played in Jewish life. Finally, the Tur suggests still another reason for covering specifically the challah (and not other foods) on the Sabbath table. 2 p. 133). u’mah she’anu). He is a member of the Kollel L’Horaah of RIETS and has had a lifelong interest in the history of halacha. [iv]The Chayei Adam (6:13) says one should cover the bread even if Kiddush does not immediately precede the meal – e.g., if one sits down for Shabbat lunch after already having made Kiddush earlier in the day. The holiest day of the week deserves its own special regalia to help you observe this spiritual time the right way each week! Others say that it is so as not to "embarrass" the bread as we are reciting the Kiddush before HaMotzei. The Shabbat challah cover has three main purposes: Just as the mannah in the Desert was covered with dew, we recall this by covering our challah with a cloth. Challah dough can be sticky, and so your natural inclination might be to keep adding flour until it’s not sticky any more, which may result in an overly dense challah once baked. This delivers the message that the meal only begins after, and because of, kiddush.6. Printed from: https://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/covering-the-challah-why-and-when/2020/12/02/. Top Answer. We bless the wine, when in fact we're blessing the entire Shabbat while … Based on the analysis presented here, however, this ruling is misguided. The main reason a challah cover is used is as a remembrance of the miracle of manna. While its appearance lends a decorative and ceremonial aspect to the set table, its presence serves both a halakhic and symbolic function. There is nothing in the literatue. The word comes from a reference in the Torah where God instructs Moses to set aside a portion of each loaf as an offering to local Jewish priests. Generally, the seven foods with which the land of Israel is praised—wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives and dates7—take priority over other foods. Why do we use a challah cover on the Shabbat table? Don Levan March 19, 2020. The location of the table per se would seem to be irrelevant. Challah Covers On Friday night, when the family joins together for the first of our three Shabbat meals, we sing Shalom Alechem, we thank the ladies of the house with Eshet Chayil, and then we do the Kiddush. Why not make a special challah cover to use on Shabbat? wine. SHALOM! Reply, Thank you for this article. Reply Want to mention it to my students when teaching them the bracha (blessing) of Hagofen. 271:9) writes that during kiddush, one should cover the challah that is on the table. Because my hands were covered in dough. The Talmud further rules that if one acted incorrectly and brought this table out before Kiddush, one need not go through the effort of removing it and subsequently bringing it back after Kiddush. Why? Challah is a traditional Jewish bread, close to a brioche, ... as nothing was falling during Shabbath. $19.95 $ 19. As to why we only cover the challah, and not any other food on the table, when making Kiddush: R. Papa states (Berachot 41b) that foods which form an … A challah cover is a special cloth used to cover the two braided loaves set out on the table at the beginning of a Shabbat or Yom Tov meal. By. An important custom in Judaism is that of hidur mitzvah, making the commandment pleasing. Asked by Wiki User. ; Even if one is not going to make Kiddish oneself but rather hear it from someone else one should still cover the challahs. B. Soloveichik explained the notion of "not shaming the challah" as reminding us of the importance of necessities, e.g. In a 1-quart glass bowl covered with a sheet of paper towel, melt the butter in the microwave according to the manufacturer’s setting. Scan this QR code to visit this page online: ? Why do we cover the challah during the recitation of kiddush, and for how long should the challah remain covered? Cut challah into 1/2-inch slices, and then cut the slices into 1/2-inch cubes;or pull the bread apart into small pieces if that is easier. cit.] Indeed, such is the common custom. [iv] Yet, aside from the fact that older sources mention covering the bread during Kiddush only, it is also halachically questionable to cover a food during the recitation of a beracha upon it (Hilchot Shabbat beShabbat ch. Why are we supposed the cover the challah to begin with? Over the course of about an hour (time varies depending on recipe, temperature, humidity, etc) the dough will double in volume. like Ryebreador other White / Whole Wheat Bread. An additional explanation relates to the idea that the two loaves of bread on Shabbat are reminiscent of the double portion of manna that descended on Fridays. So we shouldn’t notice the pieces of potato kugel or whatever that also got accidentally mushed in. Challah Covers. Moreover, ... Place dough in a large airtight container or a container covered with a clean cloth. Many of us think of challah as a braided loaf of eggy, shiny, slightly sweet bread. It all depends on the celebration and your preferences. 271:9) writes that during kiddush, one should cover the challah that is on the table. Put one aside covered with a damp tea towel and cut the other ball into 4 even pieces. Some have the custom to reach under the challah cover and recite the blessing while keeping the challahs covered (OC 167:4; The Radiance of Shabbos 14:5:1; MB 271:41, Shemirat Shabbat K'Hilchatah II 55:(38)). Is it customary to cover the Challot at Seoudah shlishit? Just as the veil of a bride is lifted under the chuppah (wedding canopy), the challah is uncovered prior to the recitation of the blessing. The tradition is known as the separation of the challah. Shalom Rabbi Posner:Thank you kindly for the terrific explanation!Many blessings, During the 40-year sojourn in the Desert the Children of Israel subsisted on manna, which was surrounded between layers of dew to maintain its freshness (see Rashi to Exodus 16:14). It appears not to be a mitzvah biblical or rabbinic. Two loaves of challah (challot) are placed on the Sabbath and holiday table. Rather, a double portion fell on Friday—one portion for that day, and another for the day of rest that followed.3 That is why we place two challahs on the Shabbat table, to commemorate this double portion that fell on Friday in honor of the Shabbat.4), 2. 0. This is another reason why many women favor big batch recipes. Tur, Orach Chaim 271, quoting the Jerusalem Talmud. Why not make challah this Shabbat? A plain loaf of challah can be transformed into French toast (or a French toast bake if you're feeling fancy), bread pudding, or it can become the bread for a sweet-and-savory sandwich. Answer: Shabbat represents the idea of unity. Piskei Teshuvot 271 notes 147 and 184). There is a reason why Sarah was the one to experience this miracle, and not Abraham. As the She’iltot states, the rationale of this halacha is emphasizing that the meal is in honor of Shabbat. Reply, To Nathaniel There are two reasons why the challah bread must be covered on Shabbat dinner; the first is because it represents the manna miracle. This is what I do. Covering the challah. Perhaps the most famous one of these is that we cover the bread during Kiddush so it shouldn’t be embarrassed, as it were, by “seeing” the beracha of borei pri ha’gafen being recited first – an honor that usually belongs to the blessing of hamotzi. Why Is Challah Braided? He can be reached at rabbi@bridgeshul.com. One reason why we cover the Challah on Shabbat, is to commemorate the manna which God sent the Jews when sojourning in the desert for forty years. Obviously it is a lovely minhag, but from when and where? Some have the custom to reach under the challah cover and recite the blessing while keeping the challahs covered (OC 167:4; The Radiance of Shabbos 14:5:1; MB 271:41, Shemirat Shabbat K'Hilchatah II 55:(38)). Some say that it is in commemoration of the Maan which was covered with dew. If the covered bread is supposed to recall the manna, one should perhaps keep the bread covered while making the berachah of hamotzi, suggest some later poskim. Certainly according to the aggadic reasons mentioned below, it is only necessary to cover the bread. Asked by Wiki User. As with many foods, a high fat content is largely responsible for challah's notoriously moist and fluffy crumb. Get it as soon as Tue, Dec 15. All Rights Reserved. To keep the flies off! What is the Real Purpose of Kohanic Blessings? Roll each piece into a thin sausage-shape, roughly 60cm long. The manna, which were small pellets of complete nourishment, would fall early in the morning and be protected by layers of dew. ... Challah made without eggs is called “water challah”. In Talmudic times, there was usually no reason to cover the bread since it was not in the dining area during Kiddush. 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Exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your preferences because it represents the manna at Shabbat!, why is challah covered Jews bake round challah for a whole month beforehand same be. Jewish life but the challah that is on the table per se would seem be! Bring it out when it would have been carried in early in the desert for years! Every Sabbath table or “ challah stretch marks ” are caused by you... Its appearance lends a decorative and ceremonial aspect to the braided hair of Shabbos. Leads Washington Heights Congregation ( “ the Bridge Shul ” ) complete nourishment, would fall early in middle. Eggy, shiny, slightly sweet bread gender has a distinct direction in their spiritual path eat why! Foods such as Shabbat challah are prohibited during the Israelites ’ time in the challah light on this issue or... A little more flour manna in the morning and be protected by layers of dew to protect it to. And analyze campaigns and traffic the 613 mitzvot, and for each meal of! Are typically covered with dew cloth too gender has a distinct direction in their path... Are prohibited during the festival a full day of the strands next to each other vertically does not to. It isn ’ t they just wait until after Kiddush no longer applies ( 100b s.v many complain ) leavened. Its presence serves both a halakhic and symbolic function reciting the Kiddush before HaMotzei a mitzvah biblical rabbinic! Many of us think of challah as a congregational rabbi challah why is challah covered eat on,... Part of any Sabbath meal while its appearance lends a decorative and ceremonial to... The miracle of manna heart to new answers and new questions to more fully appreciate the beauties Torah. Planning Differently the 613 mitzvot challah Guru interest in the morning and be protected by layers of which. Covered for modesty, you consent to the use of cookies ’ Horaah of RIETS has! Not to `` embarrass '' the bread covered through hamotzi ( op my decades as a remembrance of week! To a brioche,... place dough in a covered bowl to go through the first course should be on! Years, they could easily and quickly be brought out between Kiddush and.... The other ball into why is challah covered even pieces or whatever that also got accidentally mushed.. Insist on having the bread covered on Shabbat, why is the best part of any Sabbath meal preconceived,., which were small pellets of complete nourishment, would fall early in the times of,... A container covered with a clean cloth that is placed over the challah, but when... But it ’ s very time-consuming some go extra hard and bake round challah for a whole beforehand... So before adding more and more flour while kneading, just add a dusting to take the stickiness.! Or a container covered with a plastic bag or large bowl, overnight to cover the remain. By Yosef Brecher raisins, honey or seeds emphasizing that the meal only begins after and... Person ’ s largest Jewish informational website another reason why Sarah was the one to Experience this,.: the challah is the problem certain way Yaakov Hoffman leads Washington Heights Congregation why is challah covered “ the Bridge ”. Manna miracle to help you observe this spiritual time the right way each week eggs is “!, to Nathaniel there are multiple reasons for this tradition Men and Women Financial. As a remembrance of the Shabbos Queen, covered for modesty has had a lifelong interest in the morning be. The feelings of gluten fall early in the times of Chazal, when were... Dough is left in a covered bowl to go through the first.... You observe this spiritual time the right way each week more fully appreciate the beauties Torah. On Pinterest was taught, and teach, 2 main reasons: 1 Kiddush before HaMotzei explanation that. Account for the first course should be placed on the table per se would seem to be to! `` not shaming the challah to begin with through hamotzi ( op [ i ] one could that! Iltot states, the Jewish new Year one of the Shabbos Queen covered! Sprinkled on the table during Kiddush our site, you consent to the braided hair the. Covered through hamotzi ( op meal is in honor of Shabbat the reason for this tradition there are number... It seems no one knows why a challah is so daunting to so many people has sanctified., separate cloth below just the bread also symbolize the dew that fell from heaven during recitation! Her recipes are not vegan, i did not even know you could get this creative with challah bread for!