Various techniques exist to create DHs. The two mentioned databases are significant contributors to improving the genetic variability of the triticale gene pool through gene (or more specifically, allele) provision. triticale meaning in hindi, define and translation of triticale with similar word of triticale, antonym ( opposite ) word of triticale, related word of triticale, and synonyms word of triticale. adj. This mode of reproduction results in a more homozygous genome. There are many synonyms of Triplicate which include Leash, Ternion, Threesome, Trey, Triad, Triangle, Trilogy, Trine, Trinity, Triplet, … Combining ability is assessed by taking into consideration all available information on descent (genetic relatedness), morphology, qualitative (simply inherited) traits and biochemical and molecular markers. Sunt mai robuste și mai viguroase, cu spice mari cu multe spiculețe. Earlier work with wheat-rye crosses was difficult due to low survival of the resulting hybrid embryo and spontaneous chromosome doubling. This carries with it the aim of changing the genetic structure of the plant population. Since the induction of the CIMMYT triticale breeding programme in 1964, the improvement in realised grain yield has been remarkable. [32] Molecular markers are generally accepted as better predictors than morphological markers of (agronomic traits) due to their insensitivity to variation in environmental conditions. In this way, some chromosomes from the R genome have been replaced by some from the D genome. In 1873, Alexander Wilson first managed to manually fertilize female wheat flowers[7] (although wind fertilized, grasses are descended from flowering plants and technically still angiosperms) with male rye pollen, but found that the resulting plants were sterile, much the way the offspring of a horse and donkey is an infertile mule. To improve the viability of the embryo and thus avoid its abortion, in vitro culture techniques were developed (Laibach, 1925)[full citation needed]. [26] The technique is unfortunately less successful in triticale. MAS is a form of indirect selection. [25] Its success is in large part due to the insensitivity of maize pollen to the crossability inhibitor genes known as Kr1 and Kr2 that are expressed in the floral style of many wheat cultivars. Triticale (/ t r ɪ t ɪ ˈ k eɪ l iː /; × Triticosecale) is a hybrid of wheat (Triticum) and rye (Secale) first bred in laboratories during the late 19th century in Scotland and Germany. In the ancient world, wheat and rye each had their problems: In the 19th century, crossing cultivars or species became better understood, allowing the manual hybridization of more plants and animals. These were because its seeds were so much smaller, and there were less on each head. Also in future you fill find pronunciation and who to speek triticale in hindi and english. [20][23][24] Chromosome elimination is another method of producing DHs, and involves hybridisation of wheat with maize (Zea mays L.), followed by auxin treatment and the artificial rescue of the resultant haploid embryos before they naturally abort. Triticale being a synthesized grain notwithstanding, many initial limitations, such as an inability to reproduce due to infertility and seed shrivelling, low yield and poor nutritional value, have been largely eliminated. The relationship between the constituent wheat and rye genomes were noted to produce meiotic irregularities, and genome instability and incompatibility presented numerous problems when attempts were made to improve triticale. [6] As a feed grain, triticale is already well established and of high economic importance. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. High protein, digestibility, and significantly higher yields than other boot stage cereal grains. Below is the handy table for grains, cereal that may help you. DHs also express deleterious recessive alleles otherwise masked by dominance effects in a genome containing more than one copy of each chromosome (and thus more than one copy of each gene). Yield improvements of up to 20% have been achieved in hybrid triticale cultivars due to heterosis. 2000)[21][22] The response of parental triticale lines to anther culture is known to be correlated to the response of their progeny. The table after that contains Indian flour names. Urdu Dictionary. What does triticale mean? Malt & thousands of English and Urdu words Synonyms, definition and meaning. The name triticale first appeared in scientific literature in 1935 and is attributed to Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg.In favourable environmental conditions its yield equals that of wheat; under poor conditions its yield exceeds that of wheat. Provide all information of triticale. Triplicate Meaning in English to Urdu is تہرا, as written in Urdu and Tahra, as written in Roman Urdu. Genotype by culture medium interaction is responsible for varying success rates, as is a high degree of microspore abortion during culturing. In improving yield, indirect selection (the selection of correlated/related traits other than that to be improved) is not necessarily as effective as direct selection. When a plant breeder crossed wheat with rye, the result was a new grain called triticale. How To Spell Triplicate [noun, adjective trip-li-kit, -keyt; verb trip-li-keyt]. Already well established and of high economic importance ssrs are segments of a hybridising. And search through billions of online translations the website [ 3 ] and. Table for grains, so its yield per acre has been remarkable name and columns... Names of cereals in English to Urdu dictionary traits are controlled by more than one gene grain. 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