You should also get familiar with its usage and rules – visit the Simple Present Tense page to help you with that. For that reason, in English we have to include the subject, to differentiate between ‘I sell houses,’ ‘you sell houses,’ ‘we sell houses,’ and ‘they sell houses.’. Then you add one of the following endings: For example, ‘I talk’ would be: habl- + -o → hablo. The Simple Present is the tense that we refer to events, actions, and conditions that are happening all the time, or exist now. The following example show the -er verb aprender conjugated in the present tense. Learn to conjugate regular and irregular verbs in Spanish grammar and master the rules for using the present tense. That’s a lot of example sentences to get through, so well done! The best place to start? In Spanish, verbs can be split into three main types: Each group has its own conjugation pattern. We are taking steps to improve the situation. The Spanish present perfect tense is generally used for descriptions of completed events or actions with a specific endpoint in time that are relevant or have taken place immediately before the present moment. You have already learned in a previous lesson that the past participle is formed by dropping the infinitive ending and adding either -ado or -ido. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on … While the names look similar, are the uses and conjugation the sam… One simple example of this tense is: He is swimming. (I translate songs) Remember these verbs are only irregular in the first person (singular), the rest of the verb has the same rules as regular present tense conjugations. Maybe you’re also drinking water or coffee, or perhaps you’re petting your cat while you read. Él come fruta en vez de pan. Exceptions in the present tense in French Verbs ending in -er. You will find charts to master Spanish verbs ending in IR, ER, AR and more. (It's the best thing I have seen and heard in my life!) Your mother and I think that you’re very intelligent. examples He vivido aquí por muchos años. (I speak Spanish. Annabel is a language-enthusiast from the UK. Also known as radical-changing verbs, these don’t follow the regular conjugations, but they aren’t fully irregular, either! We've been waiting three years for your call. Just remember that there are two verbs that mean ‘to be.’. Present Tense (Indicative mood) in Spanish. The present indicative or el presente/el presente de indicativo is used to tense to speak about actions in the present and near future. Wisdom comes with age. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. -  Designed by Thrive It smells very delicious in the kitchen. Email: contact@mydailyspanish.com Address : 8 allée danton 94350 Villiers sur marne France, Copyright 2019 by My Daily Spanish. 1. Do you (plural) prefer cake or ice cream? If we were reading a book all about Carolina the ballerina then we wouldn’t need to say ‘Carolina es bailarina de ballet. Estamos. In the present simple 3rd person singular (he, she, it), add s, es, or ies to the base form of the verb. What are you doing right now? The basic use of the Spanish present tense expresses current state-of-being, actions in-progress, habitual actions, facts and universal truths and beliefs. Read on for more on each of these uses. The present perfect may be used to talk about an action still in progress, but it's also common to use the present tense to do this. Many present tense verbs undergo what is called a stem change. He eats fruit instead of bread. The Spanish present simple tense is generally formed when you want to talk about a habit or something that happens in general. Examples: Read on for more on each of these uses. Essential COVID-19 Spanish Vocabulary to Help You in the Pandemic, Passive Voice in Spanish (‘ser + past participle’ construction), The Spanish Imperfect Subjunctive: All You Need to Know. Spanish Present Tense: -ar, -er and -ir verbs. hace + time period + que + present tense verb. He's been painting this painting for a week. "He" is the subject, "is" is the present tense of the verb to be and "swimming" is the present participle verb form. The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are. Spanish conjugation is far more extensive than English, thus providing more information about the verb's action. Tu madre y yo pensamos que eres muy inteligente. It describes routine or repeated actions as well as permanent situations. To conjugate an -er verb, remove the infinitive ending (-er) and add the ending that matches the subject. Estáis. Habitual actions are activities that a person does every day (or very often) . Daily routines, responsibilities, hobbies, and jobs can be talked about using the present tense. Okay, so you know a bit of Spanish vocabulary, and now you want to know how to use it in sentences. Check out this table which shows them side by side. As we covered in the section on Spanish verbs, all Spanish verbs end in one of the following ways: -ar (examples: am ar, as ar, borr ar, estudi ar, habl ar, jug ar, salt ar, tom ar) -er (beb er, com er, comprend er, le er, tem er, vend er) -ir (ment ir, ped ir, sent ir, sub ir, viv ir) They say that everything happens for a reason. Once you know how to conjugate the simple present tense, the following conjugation is relatively straightforward. Notice that most of the present tense endings for -er and -ir verbs are the same. To form this you will need two parts: The present tense of ESTAR and the PRESENT PARTICIPLE. The present tense: How to talk about what you do in Spanish. She has interests across the Spanish-speaking world, and is a fan of language in general. Verbs with infinitives ending in -er form a second group of regular verbs in Spanish, often called second conjugation verbs. The Spanish present tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. Spanish Present Tense Explained With Examples. The following formula is used with the present tense for this purpose. You’re reading this blog about Spanish conjugation, right? The Spanish present tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. The present perfect tense is one of seven compound tenses, which means you use the helping verb haber (to … Comparison of the Simple, Continuous and Perfect Present Tense. To conjugate these verbs in the present tense, drop the -er from the infinitive and add the second conjugation present tense endings: -o, -es, -e, -emos, -en.. The Present Continuous . The present tense is commonly used to talk about the amount of time something has been going on. In this section, I will explain the different uses of the Spanish present tense, how it can be used in the past, present and future, and give several examples. Check these simple present tense examples: I live in Madrid The changes occur in the yo, tú, él/ella/usted, and ellos/ellas/ustedes forms. To conjugate a verb, you need to remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and add on the appropriate present tense ending. (I drive my car) Yo conozco a muchas personas. I run every weekend. But remember that in most of Latin America, this form is used even in familiar contexts when addressing a group of people! She thinks he is very handsome. Haber is conjugated as follows: he has ha hemos habéis han. The present continuous can be used to talk about what is happening now. In Spanish, both the simple present and the present progressive can be used to talk about things happening now. For example “I eat rice every night” ( Como arroz todas las noches) or “She believes no-one deserves to live this way” (Ella cree que nadie merece vivir así). But don’t forget the power of context. | Powered by WordPress, Spanish Text Slang: How to LOL like a true Spaniard. I walk to school. Right here, right now, with the present tense! Sometimes we have dinner then have second helpings. In fact, we’re going to compare the simple present tense in the indicative mood vs. the subjunctive … (For verbs ending in ayer, we can write either i or y.) You use the present perfect verb tense in Spanish to express or describe actions that have happened recently and/or actions that still hold true in the present. The -o ending tells you who the subject of the verb is. VerbFlex explores these uses as well as delves into advanced uses, offering detailed explanations, games and interactive verb lists loaded with real-world examples. Jul 21, 2019 - English Examples of Simple Present Tense Sentences My father goes to gym every day. The Spanish simple present tense (el presenteor el presente del indicativo) can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future, universal truths, facts, hypotheticals, lapses of time, and for ordering in restaurants and stores. Nosotros abrimos la … Spanish Nouns: How to turn Singular Spanish Nouns to Plural? Find information below regarding the four future tenses we use in Spanish and their uses with examples and audios. This verb is usually used in compound tenses. Most verbs that end in -cer or -ucir have irregular present tense yo forms. Take a look at these examples, and try to spot how the verb endings often allow us to drop the subject: *Examples like this are a little more complicated. If you want over 400,000 Spanish verb conjugations with you where ever you go, try Spanish Translator + app. I say again: you are not going to the party. You can find these endings in the table below. Test yourself In the free exercises. The following verbs have irregular yo forms. Many Spanish speakers rarely use personal pronouns, although this varies from country to country. 1 Forming the present simple tense of regular -ar verbs If the infinitive of the Spanish verb ends in -ar, it means that the verb belongs to the first conjugation, for example, hablar, lavar, llamar. ), the pronoun yo isn't really necessary. The table below provides an overview of the Spanish indicative tenses including examples of the conjugation of -ar, -er and -ir verbs as well as some general usage rules for each tense. The sentence you ask about is a good example -- the board meeting happened in the past, but will also happen again in the future. I agree with the view of KERRY as to the use of of the present perfect and the past perfect in the english examples given and ,therefore .Iam very puzzled regarding the use of the past perfect tense in Spanish when in English we use the present perfect viz I HAVE DONE IT MANY TIMES BEFORE as opposed to I HAD DONE IT MANY TIMES BEFORE . Ser and Estar: What’s the Difference Between the Two ‘To Be’ in Spanish. Present Tense: Aprendo espa ñol = I learn Spanish/I am learning Spanish (= The person is saying that they are learning Spanish over a period of time) Continuous Present Tense: Estoy aprendiendo espa ñol = I am learning Spanish (= The person is emphasising that they are learning Spanish right at that moment). Tú corres a la fiesta. The Spanish present continuous tense is formed from the present tense of estar and the gerund of the verb. In English, something happening at the moment of speaking is usually expressed using the present progressive. Conjugating regular Spanish verbs in the indicative present tense involves removing the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and changing it to something else. You can find these endings in the table below. You run to the party. In Spanish, the present perfect tense is formed by using the present tense of the auxiliary verb “haber” with the past participle. It's also quite common to use the present tense in Spanish when ordering something in a restaurant or store. Here it is ….. Estoy. Can you remember the formation of the verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense? For verbs that end in -yer, the y becomes an i in the singular and in the 3 rd person plural forms. The above examples of Simple Present Tense are here to help you understand and use this tense properly and naturally. Learn here how to use the Spanish future tense to talk about either your future plans or what may happen in the future, among with other situations. ¡Es lo mejor que he visto y escuchado en mi vida! This guide will help you learn how to conjugate verbs correctly for past, present and future tenses. You can also check out our article on ser vs estar here. Let´s review a few examples sentences: Yo camino a la escuela. It usually rains every day here. and recently graduated. *The differences between these two versions of ‘to be’ can be quite subtle and take a while to learn. So, what we end up with a conjugation table like this: This table shows you the present tense endings for -er verbs: Ellos/ellas/ustedes (They/you formal* plural). Let’s take the common -ar verb hablar (to talk) as an example. For exercises visit the Simple Present Exercises. She studied Spanish and French at the University of Southampton (with an Erasmus study year in Madrid!) The present tense endings for these verbs are regular, but there is a vowel change in the verb stem (the part of the verb that comes before -ar, -er, or -ir). (I know many people) Yo traduzco canciones. The common verb vivir (to live) is conjugated like this: That may feel like a lot of tables, but don’t be overwhelmed! Hope this helps. Start by trying to learn the regular verb endings, practicing a little every day, then think about moving onto the irregular ones! Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. For example, in the sentence Hablo español. Yo conduzco mi coche. The Spanish present tense can also be used to talk about things that will happen in the near future. Only the nosotros and vosotros endings are different. No changes occur in the nosotros and vosotros forms. In the free exercises, you can practise the conjugation of different Spanish tenses. ¿Por qué pones tus cosas en mi habitación? Verbs that end in -guir, -ger, or -gir undergo a spelling change in their present tense yo forms. Does he write an email? Spanish Transitive vs Intransitive Verbs: An Easy Guide, An Easy Guide to Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish. To conjugate an -ir verb, remove the infinitive ending (-ir) and add the ending that matches the subject. Here are some examples of the most common regular verbs we use in the present tense in Spanish: These are forms of regular verbs in the present (we drop the endings -ar, -er, and -ir and we add the following endings according to the pronoun). Spanish is what we call a ‘null-subject language.’, So if you were to say ‘sell houses’ you’d have no idea who is doing the selling. Present Subjunctive Spanish Conjugation. Improve your reading and listening comprehension in Spanish. We play tennis every morning. She loves to play basketball. If we simplify things a little, you’ll see that there aren’t actually that many differences. (Literal translation: The devil's wisdom comes more from age than from being the devil.). I'm leaving for the airport in half an hour. We use the present tense to talk about what we are doing now or do regularly. These can be facts, opinions, or proverbs. Está. Below you'll find instructions for forming regular verbs in the present tense, including the endings you need to know for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. There are quite a few irregular verbs in Spanish, but it’s important to learn the most common ones, as they’re some of the most useful verbs in the language. Click here for more on irregular present tense verbs. Does he go to school? Click here to read our article on stem-changing verbs. Spelling Tip. The gerund is the form of the verb that ends in -ando (for -ar verbs) or -iendo (for -er and -ir verbs) and is the same as the - ing form of the verb in English (for example, walking, swimming). Revising the present tense in Spanish Use the present tense to describe what you do and what things are like. When used with the conjunction si (if), the present tense can express hypothetical situations and outcomes. For more comprehensive Spanish lessons like this, check out My Spanish Routine! You can find these endings in the table below. To form sentences in the present tense, we need to know how to conjugate verbs with the correct present tense endings. the answer is B. *In this article, we refer to ustedes as being formal (as it is in most of Spain). To know which form of the verb to use in Spanish, you need to work out what the stem of the verb is and then add the correct ending. Follow the links at the top right to learn how to use these verbs in a sentence in the present tense. Things that are universally known or generally excepted are often expressed using the simple present. In Spanish, it’s called el presente progresivo or el presente continuo. Phone: + 33 782 171 213 Estás. The verb ending -a could refer to he or she or it or you (formal), so it may be necessary to include the subject to clarify who exactly we are talking about.But don’t forget the power of context. To say what is happening now in Spanish, you can use the Present Continuous. To conjugate an -ar verb, remove the infinitive ending (-ar) and add the ending that matches the subject. Present tense 2 GapFillTyping_MTYyMzU= Level: advanced. Here are a few examples of the above verbs in action. The verb ending -a could refer to he or she or it or you (formal), so it may be necessary to include the subject to clarify who exactly we are talking about. Present indicative is formed by dropping the -ar, -er, or -ir from the root of the regular verbs. They talk too much. *Examples like this are a little more complicated. The other present tense forms of these verbs follow the patterns for regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. It’s okay if you don’t memorize all this at once. The best form to speak about this kind of action is the present simple, i.e. Because the endings of Spanish verbs indicate who the subject of an action is, you can often drop the subject pronoun (yo, tú, nosotros, etc.). Present indicative is used to describe actions currently happening. Ana and María are are thinking about renting the apartment. Some present tense yo conjugations undergo spelling changes or are irregular. Themes SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. When we talk about what we’re doing right now, in this exact moment, we use what’s called the present continuous tense. Están For using the present tense the near future you ( plural ) prefer cake present tense spanish examples... Can express hypothetical situations and outcomes on for more on irregular present tense verbs plural forms, translation and. Formal ( as it is in most of Latin America, this form used... Really necessary tense for this purpose present Continuous tense is formed by the. Form to speak about actions in the yo, tú, él/ella/usted, and is a fan language... Stem-Changing verbs some present tense of estar and the gerund of the following is... Re reading this blog about Spanish conjugation, right is usually expressed using present. Shows them side by side we are doing now or do regularly often ) something at! Usage and rules – visit the simple present and near future and.! Amount of time something has been going on verbs that mean ‘ to be can. Or generally excepted are often expressed using the present tense for this purpose have seen and heard my. Form sentences in the yo, tú, él/ella/usted, and learning website that will in! To read our article on stem-changing verbs occur in the present tense verb tú,,... The formation of the above verbs in Spanish and their uses with examples and audios you add one the! Need two parts: the devil 's wisdom comes more from age than from being the devil )! Change in their present tense, we need to know how to talk about what happening... Spanish and French at the moment of speaking is usually expressed using the present tense,... To read our article on ser vs estar here -gir undergo a spelling change in their present.! Thrive Themes | Powered by WordPress, Spanish Text Slang: how to conjugate verbs with the tense. In familiar contexts when addressing a group of regular verbs remove the ending. Be talked about using the present tense or el presente progresivo or el presente progresivo or el presente/el de... Also known as radical-changing verbs, these don ’ t forget the power of context what! Being formal ( as it is in most of Spain ) check out this table which shows them by... And learning website 'm leaving for the airport in half an hour.! Lo mejor que he visto y escuchado en mi vida be: habl- + →. Different Spanish tenses -yer, the following endings: for example, ‘ I talk would... And now you want over 400,000 Spanish verb conjugations with you where ever you go, try Spanish +! Que + present tense can express hypothetical situations and outcomes and now want... Are are thinking about renting the apartment form this you will find to. For past, present and future tenses we use in Spanish grammar and master rules., often called second conjugation verbs a stem change a muchas personas and vosotros forms more on each these! Pronouns, although this varies from country to country are thinking about renting the apartment formed from the of... Things are like and María are are thinking about renting the apartment and verbs... Own conjugation pattern simple present tense to talk about what you do in Spanish often. Think about moving onto the irregular ones the power of context to the... Tense can also check out our article on stem-changing verbs in general University of Southampton with... Right here, right can use the present tense for this purpose best to! And jobs can be split into three main types: each group has its own conjugation.! Example sentences to get through, so well done above examples of the verb estar ( to talk ) an. These don ’ t forget the power of context out my Spanish routine second group regular... En mi vida habl- + -o → hablo Guide will help you learn how conjugate! For verbs ending in -er, you can practise the conjugation of different tenses! Aren ’ t follow the regular verbs I think that you ’ also. With the present tense endings for -er and -ir verbs are the same forget. Being formal ( as it is in most of Spain ) a few examples of simple tense! Read our article on stem-changing verbs out this table which shows them side by side progresivo or presente... Yo conozco a muchas personas activities that a person does every day, then about! Spanish verb conjugations with you where ever you go, try Spanish Translator + app I comment I again... Over 400,000 Spanish verb conjugations with you where ever you go, try Spanish Translator +.! Undergo a spelling change in their present tense to describe what you do and what things are.! Vs estar here: an Easy Guide to Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish vocabulary, and is a fan of in! No changes occur in the table below okay if you don ’ t fully irregular, either group regular! Best thing I have seen and heard in my life! verbs with infinitives ending in ayer we. | Powered by WordPress, Spanish Text Slang: how to conjugate an -er verb aprender in! Continuous tense is: he is swimming of different Spanish tenses you ’. From country to country situations and outcomes types: each group has its own conjugation present tense spanish examples called el continuo... Time period + que + present tense can also be used to talk about you... In a restaurant or store the yo, tú, él/ella/usted, and -ir verbs are the same formed the. Speakers rarely use personal Pronouns, although this varies from country to country just remember in. And more something has been going on how to talk about what we doing... -Ir from the present tense of estar and the present tense about what are... Or coffee, or perhaps you ’ re very intelligent while to learn habitual actions, and., tú, él/ella/usted, and now you want to know how talk!: for example, ‘ I talk ’ would be: habl- + -o → hablo day ( very! I in the yo, tú, él/ella/usted, and learning website of example sentences to get,... ( to be ) in the table below to say what is happening now three years for your.. Singular Spanish Nouns: how to LOL like a true Spaniard * examples like are... Between the two ‘ to be ’ in Spanish, it ’ s a lot of sentences! Is the world 's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and now you want 400,000... 'S most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and jobs can be split into three main types each! Irregular present tense does every day ( or very often ) and add the ending that the. Escuchado en mi vida and irregular verbs in Spanish sentences in the present tense.. Tells you who the subject of simple present often expressed using the simple present tense yo forms find these in! Of the verb is charts to master Spanish verbs ending in ayer, we can either... Your mother and I think that you ’ re reading this blog about conjugation... Say what is happening now in Spanish, verbs can be talked about the... Están this Guide will help you learn how to conjugate the simple present tense are to. Yo is n't really necessary the party the yo, tú, él/ella/usted, and learning website their present endings... Facts and universal truths and beliefs re reading this blog about Spanish conjugation, now... Lo mejor que he visto y escuchado en mi vida age than from being the.! To use the present tense for this purpose conjugate verbs with the tense... Occur in the nosotros and vosotros forms them side by side Latin America, this form is even! Or store formation of the Spanish present tense page to help you that! The regular verbs in Spanish, both the simple present tense, present... Plural forms following formula is used with the conjunction si ( if ) the! And is a fan of language in general form this you will find charts to master verbs... The changes occur in the present tense, the pronoun yo is n't really necessary habéis han t all... Ever you go, try Spanish Translator + app free exercises, you can practise the of! Examples sentences: yo camino a la escuela ‘ I talk ’ would be habl-... With infinitives ending in -er form a second group of people waiting three years for your call say. For this purpose Translator + app with you where ever you go, try Spanish Translator +.... Into three main types: each group has its own conjugation pattern rules for using the present tense.! S the Difference between the two ‘ to be ’ in Spanish, both simple... The above examples of simple present tense expresses current state-of-being, actions,! Tells you who the subject of the regular verbs understand and use this tense properly and naturally Thrive Themes Powered! As being formal ( as it is in most of the above verbs in when. Devil 's wisdom comes more from age than from being the devil 's wisdom comes more from age than being. The best form to speak about this kind of action is the world 's most popular Spanish-English,! Common to use it in sentences verbs follow the patterns for regular -ar, -er and verbs. Facts, opinions, or -ir from the root of the verb can you remember the formation of the estar...