The character organizes the first game of baseball between the six main characters and a group of Chinese immigrants, creating the rules as he goes, primarily to allow him to win. His great grandfather Peter Donnelly was a Minuteman. Albany, New York, 1918. For the morale of the men, he is said to have provisioned balls and bats for the men. Mary died on March 13, 1907. [5], Doubleday was promoted to major on May 14, 1861, and commanded the Artillery Department in the Shenandoah Valley from June to August, and then the artillery for Major General Nathaniel Banks's division of the Army of the Potomac. This flies in the face of the fact that Doubleday was a plebe at West Point at that time, was only 20 years old, and had never left West Point from August 1838 until his graduation in 1842. In the movie The Ridiculous 6, Doubleday is portrayed by John Turturro. This is where Abner Doubleday and baseball were linked for the only time. In 1908, fifteen years after his death, Doubleday was declared by the Mills Commission to have invented the game of baseball (a claim never made by Doubleday during his lifetime). Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819 – January 26, 1893)[1] was a career United States Army officer and Union major general in the American Civil War. During the winter, the I Corps was reorganized and Doubleday assumed command of the 3rd Division. His paternal grandfather, Abner Doubleday fought in the American Revolutionary War while his maternal grandfather Thomas Donnelly also served in the army as a moun… He and his wife, Mary, retired to Mendham, New Jersey. In his junior year, Doubleday stood 20th in a class of 60 members, scoring 17th in Drawing; 21st in Philosophy; and 27th in Chemistry. A Myth and Legend Greater than Gettysburg: Abner Doubleday and Baseball He retired from the United States Army in 1873 and died in 1893. He lives in Olathe, Kansas, with his wife, Judy. 6 Tim Arango, “Myth of Baseball’s Creation Endures, With a Prominent Fan,” New York Times, November 20, 2010. Baseball historian George B. Kirsch has described the results of the Mills Commission as a "myth". It was at Gettysburg that Doubleday and his troops were involved in the turning point of the Civil War. When his corps commander, Major General John F. Reynolds, was killed very early in the fighting, Doubleday found himself in command of the corps at 10:50 am. Doubleday was a high-ranking officer, whose duties included seeing to provisions for the US Army fighting throughout the south and border states. Also while in Washington, Doubleday testified against George Meade at the United States Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, criticizing him harshly over his conduct of the Battle of Gettysburg. In short, the Army’s stance toward slavery was as divided as it was in the rest of the country. His father fought in the War of 1812, serving at the naval facility at Sacketts Harbor in New York.3 He returned to Auburn, New York, after the war. During this time he was promoted to brigadier general of U.S. They had no children. [12], Doubleday died of heart disease in 1893. “I was brought up in a book store and early imbibed a taste for reading. Civil War Union Major General. They are buried at Arlington National Cemetery.34. He does have one valid link to baseball -- Hall of Famer Wade Boggs is Abner Doubleday's seventh cousin. He assumed command of the corps after John F. Reynolds was killed, and his troops fought well but had to withdraw to Cemetery Hill. The committee's final report, on December 30, 1907, stated, in part, that "the first scheme for playing baseball, according to the best evidence obtainable to date, was devised by Abner Doubleday at Cooperstown, New York, in 1839." Under the rules of engagement, the Fort Sumter garrison was allowed to vacate the fortress. He graduated from West Point in 1842 ranking 24th in a class of 56 members on July 1 of that year. 23 James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), 525-533. 22Allen C. Guelzo, Gettysburg: The Last Invasion (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2013), 224. In 1858 he was transferred to Fort Moultrie in Charleston Harbor serving under Colonel John L. Gardner. He attended school at Auburn and Cooperstown, where he prepared for a career in civil engineering. Abner Doubleday, mistakenly credited as the inventor of baseball, served under Major Robert Anderson at the outbreak of the Civil War and later rose to the rank of brevet major general. David W. Anderson is author of “More Than Merkle” and “You Can’t Beat the Hours,” and has spoken at the Seymour Conference and SABR conventions. Despite the lack of solid evidence linking Doubleday to the origins of baseball, Cooperstown, New York, became the new home of what is today the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1937. He died in New York on January 25 th 1893, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. He died on January 26, 1893 at Medham, New Jersey. In 1858 he posted to Florida. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Paul H. Carlson, "Baseball's Abner Doubleday on the Texas Frontier, 1871–1873," Military History of Texas and the Southwest 12 (1974). No serious historian of baseball believes Doubleday established the rules of baseball, but the myth of Doubleday still persists to some degree. He was born in the state of New York in Ballston Spa. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. In 1905 Abraham G. Mills was appointed by Albert G. Spalding to head a commission to determine when and where baseball began. Doubleday’s first combat came during the Mexican War. Other members of his commission were Morgan G. Bulkeley, the National League’s first president; Arthur P. Gorman, a former player and president of the Washington Base Ball Club; Nicholas E. Young, president of the National League from 1884 to 1902; Alfred J. He helped found the Bronx Historical Society and was also involved with the Civil War Society and the Revolutionary War Roundtable in New York City. Abner Doubleday died at the age of 73 on January 26th 1893 in Mendham New Jersey. Mills had been president of the National League from 1882 to 1884. Doubleday was transferred to command the garrison at Fort Hamilton in New York.17. Abner Doubleday. [11] In recent years, biographers have turned the nickname into an insult, incorrectly claiming "Forty-Eight Hours" was coined to highlight Doubleday's supposed incompetence and slowness to act.[11]. [18] It hosted the annual Hall of Fame Game, an exhibition game between two major league teams that was played from 1940 until 2008. Thanks to Mark Pattison for providing information on Gumpert’s work on Doubleday. [20], The Auburn Doubledays are a minor league baseball team based in Doubleday's hometown of Auburn, New York. 24 Byron Farwell, Stonewall: A Biography of General Thomas J. Jackson (New York: W.W. Norton, 1992), 109-110, 129. Spalding, an exemplar of hyper-American nationalism prevalent in the early years of the 20th century, believed baseball was invented in America, by an American. When he died at the age of 73 in 1893, an objective observer would most likely say that his life had been fully lived. Volunteers. He died on December 23, 1978. Abner Doubleday summary: Abner Doubleday was an officer of the US. His paternal grandfather, also named Abner, had fought in the American Revolutionary War. Doubleday rode with Lincoln on the train to Gettysburg for the Gettysburg Address and Col. and Mrs. Doubleday attended events with Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln in Washington. During his first year he stood 30th out of 85 plebes. He and his wife, Mary, retired to Mendham, New Jersey. He saw action at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in December 1862 and Chancellorsville May 2-4. Abner Doubleday, died 1812 Abner Doubleday 1812 Abner Doubleday was born on date , at birth place , to Elisha Doubleday and Hannah Doubleday (born Bayley) . He died there in the autumn of 1926. In the 23rd episode of the anime Samurai Champloo, titled "Baseball Blues", Doubleday and Alexander Cartwright are featured as American naval officers who engage the main characters and local Japanese people into a baseball game, which the Americans lose. [6] In 1852, he married Mary Hewitt of Baltimore, the daughter of a local lawyer. Doubleday, who died in 1898 at age 73, is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Section 1, Grave 61, very close to the James Tanner Amphitheater. 20 Rufus R. Dawes, Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers (Marietta, Ohio: E.R. Spalding was engaged in a dispute with Henry Chadwick. … I was hit and pitched over my horse’s neck by a piece of shell which struck me in the back of the neck. )[8] His men were routed when they encountered Major General James Longstreet's corps, but by the following day, August 30, he took command of the division when Hatch was wounded, and he led his men to cover the retreat of the Union Army. Doubleday grew up in Auburn and attended the Cooperstown Classical and Military Academy, studying civil engineering before he was appointed to West Point in 1838. Contact SABR, 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, http://sabr.org/sites/default/files/images/DoubledayAbner.jpg, /wp-content/uploads/2020/02/sabr_logo.png. / Lived: 73 years: Zodiac sign: Cancer: Abner Doubleday facts. Died 26 Jan 1893 in Mendham, New Jersey. Chairman Mills himself, who had been a Civil War colleague of Doubleday and a member of the honor guard for Doubleday's body as it lay in state in New York City, never recalled hearing Doubleday describe his role as the inventor. Gumpert’s work on Doubleday supplies much of this biography. Another prominent member was Thomas A. Despite his opposition to the war,10 he volunteered to fight. Finally, Graves was not well; he wound up killing his wife and spent his remaining years in an asylum.37, Abner Doubleday was a very religious man, who never drank or used profane language, and whose interests were wide, including mathematics, engineering, literature, military science, and sports. Abner Doubleday, (born June 26, 1819, Ballston Spa, N.Y., U.S.—died Jan. 26, 1893, Mendham, N.J.), U.S. Army officer, once thought to be the inventor of baseball. Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819 – January 26, 1893) was a career United States Army officer and Union major general in the American Civil War. The Abner Doubleday Little League and Babe Ruth Fields in Ballston Spa, New York, the town of his birth. Cronkite School at ASU Doubleday was a cadet at West Point in the year of the alleged invention and his family had moved away from Cooperstown the prior year. Civil War Union Army Officer. It was Doubleday's finest performance during the war, five hours leading 9,500 men against ten Confederate brigades that numbered more than 16,000. No one felt it important that Graves was 5 years old in 1839 and Doubleday was already at West Point. When did Abner Doubleday die? In his sophomore year Doubleday scored third in Drawing; 21st in Mathematics; 29th in English Grammar and 46th in French. During World War II, the liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday was named in his honor. At his death, Doubleday left many letters and papers, none of which describe baseball or give any suggestion that he considered himself a prominent person in the evolution of the game, and his New York Times obituary did not mention the game at all. His first combat assignment was to lead the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps of the Army of Virginia during the Northern Virginia Campaign. Abner Doubleday, born one of three sons to Ulysses and Hester Doubleday on June 26, 1819, in Ballston Spa, N.Y., was schooled at Auburn and Cooperstown, N.Y. Doubleday planned a career in civil engineering, but in 1838 he was appointed to West Point. [4] He aimed the cannon that fired the first return shot in answer to the Confederate bombardment on April 12, 1861. He was not glamorous. This claim has been thoroughly debunked by baseball historians. Doubleday was born in Ballston Spa, New York in 1819 and worked as a surveyor for railroads before attending the US Military Academy at West Point. [15], There is a monument to Doubleday at Gettysburg erected by his men, admirers, and the state of New York. In his final years in New Jersey, he was a prominent member and later president of the Theosophical Society. He published two important works on the Civil War: Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie (1876), and Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (1882), the latter being a volume of the series Campaigns of the Civil War. Phone: 602.496.1460 Phoenix, AZ 85004 Mary died on March 13, 1907. Furthermore, the primary testimony to the commission that connected baseball to Doubleday was that of Abner Graves, whose credibility is questionable; a few years later, he shot his wife to death and was committed to an institution for the criminally insane for the rest of his life. During World War II, the liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday was named in his honor. ... My life in the Old Army: the Reminiscences of Abner Doubleday: from the Collections of the New-York Historical Society. He graduated from the military academy at West Point in 1842 and was an artillery officer in the Mexican War from 1846 to 1848 and in the Seminole War in Florida from 1856 to 1858. Overall, Doubleday stood number 19 in a class of 76 members; many first-year students did not make it through the plebe year. In World War II, the United States liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday was named in his honor. Doubleday was a supporter of abolition and voted for Abraham Lincoln in 1860.14 Most other officers either supported slavery or supported variations between state’s rights or other alternatives in support or opposition to slavery. His maternal grandfather Thomas Donnelly joined the army at 14 and was a mounted messenger for George Washington. When two of the founders of that society, Helena Blavatsky and Henry Steel Olcott, moved to India at the end of that year, he was constituted as the president of the American body. An 1838 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, he is known today more for the myth that he invented Modern Baseball while a cadet at West Point than for his accomplishments as a Major General in the Union Army during the Civil War. 26 civilwararchive.com/CORPS/1stcorps.htm. Despite his actions in the Civil War, Doubleday is most famous for "inventing" baseball. Edison. They are buried at Arlington National Cemetery.34. It is hard to figure out just why Graves would have dragged Abner Doubleday’s name into his baseball story. In a letter to his wife he discussed the battle: “The most awful battle of the War occurred yesterday. The mythology remains strong today, but most serious baseball historians believe the game comes from England and other ball and bat games in prehistory.6. Doubleday, who died in 1898 at age 73, is buried at Arlington National … Emily Gumpert assisted with this project as well. He graduated in 1842, 24th in a class of 56 cadets, and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. During the first day’s battle Doubleday’s troops suffered nearly 65 percent casualties, but also blunted the onslaught of troops under Confederate Generals Harry Heth and Robert Rodes.26, Doubleday believed he would assume command of the I Corps, but the commander of the Army of the Potomac, George Meade, gave the command to John Newton. … Luckily I was hit squarely by the smooth round surface. His maternal grandfather was a messenger for George Washington in the early years of the Revolution. His father, Ulysses F., fought in the War of 1812, published newspapers and books, and represented Auburn, New York for four years in the United States Congress. Doubleday had a number of West Point classmates who served in the Civil War, including John Newton and John Pope. Promoted to major, Doubleday served with the 17th Infantry in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia and in the defenses of Washington from September 1861 to May 1862. Abner Doubleday, military officer, son of Ulysses F. and Hester (Donnelly) Doubleday, was born at Ballston Spa, New York, on June 26, 1819. Civil War Academy 2019-06 … He served in the U.S. Army during the Mexican War and the Civil War. He died in 1893 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Alderman, 1890), 115. [6] He formally requested reinstatement as I Corps commander, but Meade refused, and Doubleday left Gettysburg on July 7 for Washington. A person named Abner Doubleday was living in Cooperstown in 1839; however, he never claimed to have invented baseball. At Antietam, he led his men into the deadly fighting in the Cornfield and the West Woods, and one colonel described him as a "gallant officer ... remarkably cool and at the very front of battle. There was another Abner Doubleday, a cousin of the general. [/fn] and so would have been 11 years old in spring 1840. [5] He was wounded in the neck on the second day of Gettysburg and received a brevet promotion to colonel in the regular army for his service. 4 Bert Gumpert, Abner Doubleday (unpublished manuscript). Early in the Valley Campaigns of 1864. If you can help us improve this player’s biography, contact us. He was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on February 3, 1862, and was assigned to duty in northern Virginia while the Army of the Potomac conducted the Peninsula Campaign. [4] Abner spent his childhood in Auburn and later was sent to Cooperstown to live with his uncle and attend a private preparatory high school. He died on January 26, 1893. There, Doubleday was second in command to Major Robert Anderson, who was from Kentucky and was from a slave-owning family. Hatch. 2 Biographic information on Abner Doubleday is from Bert Gumpert, who was working on a Doubleday biography for the Civil War Roundtable of New York. Seven of those brigades sustained casualties that ranged from 35 to 50 percent, indicating the ferocity of the Union defense. He is best known, however for his links to baseball, and was credited for many years as having invented the game in the 1830s. He began the war as a supply officer but applied for and received an artillery posting.11 He was in the fight from 1846 to 1848, and fought at the Battle of Monterey (September 21-23, 1846) and at the Rincouda Pass during the Battle of Buena Vista. He wrote, "Robert Henderson, Harold Seymour, and other scholars have since debunked the Doubleday-Cooperstown myth, which nonetheless remains powerful in the American imagination because of the efforts of Major League Baseball and the Hall of Fame in Cooperstown." Before the Civil War began, Doubleday noted that Charleston was not a pleasant place to be, commenting, “Almost every public assemblage was tinctured with treasonable sentiments and toasts against the flag were always warmly applauded.”15, His service against the Confederacy began where the war began, at Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor. Volunteers in the Army of the Potomac. In 1871 he commanded the 24th U.S. Infantry, an all African-American regiment with headquarters at Fort McKavett, Texas. Artillery. 15-Dec-1792, d. 10-Mar-1866) Mistress: Hester Donnelly Doubleday (b. [21], Doubleday Field at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, where the Army Black Knights play at Johnson Stadium, is named in Doubleday's honor.[22]. … Seen not as a foolhardy soldier but as a steadfast one, many times in the future Doubleday would be asked to anchor a line and protect the flank of a large body of soldiers. [5], Doubleday again led the division, now assigned to the I Corps of the Army of the Potomac, after South Mountain, where Hatch was wounded again. [7], Doubleday initially served in coastal garrisons and then in the Mexican–American War from 1846 to 1848 and the Seminole Wars from 1856 to 1858. 13 Genealogytrails.com, West Point bios 1842 class. His only return to combat was directing a portion of the defenses against the attack by Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal A. Doubleday died in 1893, long after baseball had become a professional sport of national scope, so if he had invented it, you figure he or someone who knew him would’ve said at … [23], Mendham Borough and Mendham Township, New Jersey has held a municipal holiday known as "Abner Doubleday Day" for numerous years in the General's honor[24] and commissioned a plaque near the site of his home in the borough in 1998, even though the borough was known as Mendham Township back then. His family lived in a tiny house, and they … I was fond of poetry and art and much interested in mathematical studies. That, coupled with the dubious conclusion that baseball had no connection to any foreign game, gave the owners the ammunition they needed to promote baseball as the national pastime.”36, While that helped the owners and eventually led to establishment of the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, the claims of the Mills Commission were spurious and based on evidence that today would not stand up in any court. They had no children. So what about Abner Doubleday’s “invention” of baseball? Ft. "[5] He was wounded when an artillery shell exploded near his horse, throwing him to the ground in a violent fall. Abner Demas was born about six miles north in Pierstown in March 1829,[fn]Record for Abner Demas Doubleday at www.familysearch.org . (Personal initiative was required since his division commander, Brig. If Doubleday were still alive he would likely wonder why his name is connected with baseball and not with his participation in the Civil War battles including Fort Sumter, Second Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg.38. 16 Abner Doubleday, Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie: In 1860-61 (New York: Harper, 1876), 126. Army: the Last Invasion ( New York business directory as lawyer one felt important... High-Ranking officer, whose duties included seeing to provisions for the US [ ]... Required since his division commander, Brig kept in reserve of this biography by an epileptic seizure the. The 1870s, he married Mary Hewitt of Baltimore, the Army at 14 and was commissioned a brevet lieutenant! To his wife, Mary, retired to Mendham, New Jersey the,... Provisions for the US Army fighting throughout the South and border States New York.17 house... In the New Yankees but was also a Union general at the time York, the was! 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