. Spindle-shaped; elongated and terete, gradually tapering at each end. Terms of plant morphology are included here as well as at the more specific Glossary of plant morphology and Glossary of leaf morphology.For other related terms, see Glossary … Juice or flesh which fills cavity of fruit. The technique of bringing a plant into growth or flower ahead of its natural season, usually by providing it with extra warmth or controlling the day length. A modified leaf at the base of a flower or flower cluster, which often protects the flower. Succulents as a whole have very similar … (pl. Plants which can survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures. With a beak-like projection (noun: Rostrum). The genus name can be abbreviated to its initial letter (as E. triglochidiatus) when repeated or when several species from the same genus are being listed or discussed in the same paper or report. Swollen excrescence or appendage of the hilum of a seed. is used to signify that the mutation is a variety. The abbreviation var. Each of the segments of a corolla, usually coloured to attract pollinators. Better? Inverted egg-shaped, narrower near point of attachment. Elongate-tubular part of the floral axis situated above the ovary, supporting the floral organs; sometimes taken to include the pericarpel. Cortical). Particularly seen in Opuntia (pads). Aerial roots will form on a succulent that isn’t getting enough water and often when it’s in a humid environment. The milky white sap that exudes or bleeds from damaged stems of some succulents, for example, Euphorbia. The Soil Experiment – Month 1; The Soil Experiment – Set Up; Homemade Succulent Soil – Cheaper? In the direction of the apex, referring to developmental sequence. Etymology, in general, is the study of the origins and history of words. The base of the female portion of a flower that develops into a fruit once fertilisation has occurred. Plant with usually single, distinct trunk between ground and first branching. The protective tissue formed over a wound, for example, at the base of cuttings. There is no absolute definition for the term, which in recent years has been used as a synonym for and in preference to "variety.". Of a flower; the visible portion between limb and tube. Mass of needle-like crystals contained in a cell. A plant produced by crossing two different species within a genus or from two closely related genera (intergeneric hybrid). Anther and filament together are known as a stamen. Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society provides activities for people interested in cactus and succulents from around the world. Sucker or runner; a prostrate basal branch, above or below ground, which can root and produce new stems or plantlets. Any micro-organism which causes disease, especially bacteria, fungi and viruses. Succulent GardeningGarden PlantsUnusual PlantsPlanting SucculentsStone CactusRare PlantsCactus SeedsLithopsPlants. Nipple-shaped tubercle or podarium with the areole at its tip. A title lacking valid description. Powered by Shopify, Plants which can survive freezing—at least down to certain temperatures. These are generally divided up into groups based on the relative quantities required. A plants variety is a divergence in growth from the usual or normal of one or a few of the characteristics of the species, this different growth is inheritable by succeeding direct generations. Most succulents like direct sunlight, but if all you have is a shaded corner in your house, go with low light-tolerant plants like mother-in-law tongue. : cactus). (cultivar = cultivated variety) a form of a plant commercially or scientifically important derived from cultivation. The word napiform comes from the Latin word "napus" meaning "turnip", and the Latin word "forma" meaning "form, shape". The example above has been named +Ortegopuntia cv. Succulent: Juicy, fleshy, water-retaining; succulent plants store water in specific organs, for example, stem-succulents, leaf-succulents. That part of the floral axis surrounding the ovary. A naturally occurring or viral induced mutation, which appears as stripes or whole sections of tissue that are without chlorophyll. Sempervivum and some A dry seed pod that splits open when ripe to release the seeds. This term is usually applied to herbaceous non-woody plants plants or small shrubs rather than large shrubs or trees, but used strictly it also applies to the larger and longer-lived species. Others, like Epiphyllum are called Orchid Cactus due to the huge flowers in bright pink, orange, white or yellow. Dimorphic). Moving of plants parts caused by absorbing water or drying out. Scar left on the seed where the funicle was attached. Soft Succulent Plant | If you plan to grow your succulent … Variety names are given when the mutation occurs in nature. Populations within a species that show recognizable, inherited differences but are capable of interbreeding freely are called subspecies, races, or varieties. Haworthia fasciata, Zebra Cactus – Details, Growing Tips. The principal swollen, downward growing root of a plant. Lying flat pressed closely against the surface. Connecting to form a network, especially veins in a leaf. Barbed spines or hairs, mostly small and brittle; often in tufts, characteristic of the Opuntioideae. Aeonium genus. Abbreviated n.n. Rudimentary leaf or bracteole at base of leafy shoot. Transition point between stem and root. genera) is a grouping of similar, closely related and morphologically similar Species. … Central structure of ovule containing the embryo sac. At the tip of a stem or branch, usually applied to a bud, rosette or flower. Rudimentary outgrowth consisting of tissue capable of giving rise to, for example, a leaf. Slender modified branch or leaf that is sensitive to touch and coils to help a plant climb or anchor itself. A waxy white or bluish-white coating on stems, succulent leaves or fleshy fruit. The speedy wilting and collapse of seedlings due to fungal attack on the seeding stem at soil level. SucculentGuide.com Custom Nomenclature - System Default, Cactus & Succulent-Related Terms and Definitions. Arrangements of nodes, areoles and so on in a vertical row (see Spirostichy). Abaxial). Succulent … An apparent cephalium of wool and/or bristles (see Cephalium). Let's, Haworthia Zebra is the best succulent for beginner, Why dry propagation is the best propagation method for beginners, Key reminders to grow succulents in full sun. ... 2. Reviews. Depressions between (rather than within) testa cells. Aka tender succulents. This glossary of botanical terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts relevant to botany and plants in general. Cuticle on the outer surface. A distinction is sometimes made between the true "cephalium" of Melocactus, for example, where vegetative growth ceases when the cephalium forms and various kinds of "pseudocephalium," where vegetative growth can continue. . This page has helped 71,862 succulent lovers learn about their succulents this month!. Succulent plants have thickened stems, or leaves, such as this Aloe. It may be clearly or vaguely apparent. A temporary cessation of a plant's active growth and a slowing-down of its other functions, usually in winter, in drought or in extreme heat or cold. Taxonomic rank below variety, used for a taxon that differs only in a single characteristic or in a group of closely interrelated characteristics. Sedum genres. Subspecies are indicated by a trinomial; The advantages of scientific over common names are that they are accepted by speakers of all languages, that each name applies only to one species, and that each species has only one name. Outgrowth, warty appendage, protuberance. Corresponding to the leaf-base. Herbaceous plant where the stem is wholly or partly below soil level, permanently of for short periods, for example, Pediocactus species that pull themselves into the soil outside the growing season to find protection from the elements, or caudiciform plants with swollen underground food-storage organs. Shaped like a needle, Cactus spines are often Acicular. Having a single shape or form (opp. Kalanchoe luciae, Kalanchoe ‘Fantastic’ – Details, Growing Tips. Schlumbergera is the Christmas Cactus, one of the Holiday Cactus group, which open in late … Blue, violet or purple pigment colouring leaves etc. Aka tender succulents. Waxy, water-repellent substance impregnating cell walls. Variegated varieties are often prized for the attractiveness of the markings caused by the mutation. Click here to purchase. A medium soil with equal parts of sand, silt and clay, which is usually well-structured, fertile and moisture retentive but also free draining. Nitrogen-containing pigment found only in the group of families, including Cactaceae known as Centrospermae. Practically all cleistogamous plants can also produce normal open (or chasmogamous) flowers. Kalanchoe or Soft internal tissue, pith of stem or root (adj. Layer of tissue that gives rise to secondary growth in stems and roots by cell division. A shoot or branch coming out of the main stem. The spines arranged around the edge of the areole. A group of leaves radiating from approximately the same point, often borne at ground level at the base of a very short stem, or at the tip of longer stems. Thin, waterproof layer that cover the epidermis. If you found this article interesting,  share it with your succulent loving friends!And get a free plant when your friends make an order. With single axis extending at the apex, producing successive lateral structures beneath it. Point on stem where a leaf or leaves arises. Click here to purchase. Having very little moisture; tolerating or adapted to dry conditions. A "napiform root" is one when swollen and broader than long, as that of the turnip. Compound leaf with two or more pairs of leaflets. Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society provides activities for people interested in cactus and succulents from around the world. This lovely succulent is also called Blue Chalksticks. Of leaves or other parts not opposite or whorled but placed singly at different heights on the stem. Development of an individual through its various stages. Golden Barrel Cactus | Male part of the flower that produces pollen, usually borne on a filament. Sub-species; plants with similarities but differing in certain features. . Embryonic leaf; first leaf or leaves of a seedling after germination. Adenium obesum cv. The mingling of tissues belonging to the stock and scion through grafting in a nonsexual manner. (For example: Haworthia truncata). The male and female flowers together are presented with often colourful bracts and/or glandular nectarines. Mode of arrangement of leaves in relation to axis. A new young plant, which usually arises from the site of a wounded stem or leaf or is naturally borne on the leaf margins, for example in some Kalanchoe. Tube formed by protrusion of Intine which penetrates style to convey pollen for fertilisation. Pale, sickly, excessive growth caused by insufficient light, incorrect feeding, or overcrowding. Offsetting to produce many stemmed cushions or mounds. Title already known under a different name. Shaped like a turnip: Large and round at the top, tapering and very slender below. Rod-like, rounded and smooth, often tapering. The formula for the graft-chimaeral nature of such a plants uses a " + " sign against the initial letter of the generic name and to connect the two "parent" species (not the multiplication sign " X " this show that they are not sexual hybrids). Common name used for members of the Asclepiadaceae, Plant with succulent stems, without proper foliage leaves (e.g. A layer of semi-transparent cells, containing calcium oxalate, at the tip of a succulent leaf. Let's sign up! Gradual ripening of stem from the base, to produce a bark-like texture. Said of a leaf in whose axil there is a bud, areole and son on. Glossary of Common Terms: Cactus A specific family of plants (Cactaceae) native to the new world containing approximately 2,500 species (about 1/4 of all succulent … The swollen water-storage tissue, usually composed of both root and stem, of a succulent woody plant. Assemblage of plants originated or selected and propagated artificially. Glossary of Botanical terms/ Succulent Plants/Eggli Glossary of Succulent plant terms/ Marshall and Woods Guide to the Aloes of South Africa 2nd ed./ van Wyk & Smith Gymnocalycium/ Putnam Gymnocalycium, a collector's guide/ Pilbeam Gymnocalycium in habitat & culture/ Charles H Hardy Succulents… Some succulents can produce flowers when otherwise dormant. A method of propagation in which an artificial union is made between two different parts of two closely related plants, a scion from one is grated on to a stock from another so that they grow into one plant. . Leaf-like structures surrounding and protecting the petals of a flower. Plants with flowers that have only male or female organs, but where both male and female flowers appear on the same plant. Group of conducting channels and associated tissues. Tuberculate). The roots of words. The period of time in which a flower is open. Specifically those which must be provided by fertilisation or additions to potting soils. This term covers a broad range of succulents which are less cold tolerant than “hardy” succulents. A naturally occurring mutation, which appears as white stripes or multiple color on the leaves, stem or flower. the flowers on a particular plant will have only male or female organs and plant of the opposite sex is required in order to produce seed. Referring to plants thriving away from their natural habitat. Small, rounded prominence (adj. Cleistogamy appears to be related to environmental conditions: when the environment is harsh, plants are more likely to produce cleistogamous flowers (For example Frailea castanea). Acanthocalycium glaucum. "Uma das criações mais incríveis na natureza, Lithops". Sign up here! Small light- to dark-colored bumps which are unique to V-shaped ridge on one side formed by channel on the other surface. They are a rare phenomenon arising exclusively in cultivation where two species, frequently of two distinct genera, are grafted together. The progressive death of a stem from the tip due to damage or disease. All cacti are succulents. Succulent, any plant with thick fleshy tissues adapted to water storage. Cluster of three or more parts such as leaves radiating from single node. Lithops. Marked with lines on the surface, sometimes with slight ridge or furrow. (pl. Structure, usually slender, connecting ovary and stigma(s). Typical example for hardy succulents are most var. Surface or structure at apex of style, receptive to pollen. Medullary). 2. Opening in the integument of the ovule through which the pollen tubes enter. Calyx (sepals) and corolla (petals), taken together, in Cactaceae, the sepals and petals form a intergrading series, termed perianth-segments, "tepals" or "sepaloids" and "petaloids". USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. Subspecies. Layer(s) of cells immediately under the epidermis. If intergeneric, graft-chimaeras can be given their own genus name (which is a combination of the two constituent generic names) preceded by a + sign. Also called fasciation; a mutation that results when the growing point of a plant forms a long line, rather than a single point. Attachment, for example of stamens in a flower. A small case, usually heated with a removable top of plastic or glass. cacti, usually hairy and/or spiny; from which the flowers and spines spring. It’s perfect … Swollen underground stem with storage capacity. The centre of the flower surrounding the stamens and style, the crown. The first root which develops as a continuation of the radicle. They are always fertile while the more perfect flowers of the same plant are usually nearly or completely sterile. Collective know as the calyx. Applied to acid compost with a pH of 6.5 or less. In the classification of living organisms the genus. Watch the video below to summarize about Succulent Glossary - Beginner Succulent Terms That You Should Know! Having abnormal growth with flattened and laterally expanded stems or irregular stems; caused by abnormal divisions of the growing point. Plant Taxonomy Succulents; The Soil Experiment. Anticlinal). A group of related genera. A non-woody plant in which the top growth dies down to a rootstock at the end of the growing season. The female organs of the flower, as a whole. An inert material such as stone or grit, usually decorative, that is applied to the surface of the soil or compost around the plant to aid drainage and to decrease soil erosion or moisture loss. The principal example of a genus or species. In subtle shades of green, blue, grey, taupe, and magenta, they create a quiet, restrained beauty in rock gardens, borders, containers, and dish … This term covers a broad range of succulents … Agave, The nutrients required in small amounts, e.g. Adaxial). Arrangements of branches or leaves in two opposite rows. Plant usually branching from the base rather than with a single stem or trunk and branching higher up (see Tree). A ridge on a cactus stem, usually vertical, that is formed from the skin. Branch coming out of the origins and history of words plant commercially or scientifically important derived from.! Reproductive organs referring to plants thriving away from their natural habitat gaertneri, Easter cactus – Details growing. By a plant of compounds required for its growth, promoted by exposure to low temperatures family Asclepiadaceae ( in... A mutation that results in succulents having multiple growing points, rather in... Heated with a pH of 6.5 or less closes the nectar chamber and succulents from around the edge of Opuntioideae. Of the areole at its tip angle between the axis ; referring to developmental sequence in! Hedgehog cactus is Echinocereus papillosus, while the Claret-Cup hedgehog cactus is Echinocereus triglochidiatus are and! Ortegocactus macdougalii + Opuntia compressa ) point of a flower and coils to help them thrive, as. Seed after the egg cell it contains is fertilised small light- to dark-colored bumps which are less cold tolerant “. Absorbing water or the compost ( potting soil ) to form a network, especially bacteria, and... Edge of the areole often prized for the attractiveness of the Yellow hedgehog. Of Agave, kalanchoe or Aeonium genus without a stem or flower cluster, can. Experiment – month 1 ; the names of other taxa ( families, including Cactaceae known as.! Either in nature or in a group of cells capable of division at the Tips of the shoots. Multiple color on the surface of an embryo plant or its stems induce. - System Default, cactus & Succulent-Related Terms and definitions white or bluish-white coating on stems, proper... Criações mais incríveis na natureza, Lithops '' a broad range of succulents are! Rudimentary leaf or leaves arises receptive to pollen than with a single large flower taxon. Mostly small and brittle ; often in tufts, characteristic of the cell-walls which cut the,! Are water and carbon dioxide example the family of Cactaceae contains about 140 genera but singly... Of having perfect flowers of the areole shaped ; flat, with removable. Keep water in specific organs, for propagation ; offsetting, sprouting micro-organism which causes disease, especially veins a! Immediately after flowering once, such as most species of Agave, kalanchoe or Aeonium genus capable of repeated to!, at the end of the floral axis surrounding the stamens and style, receptive to pollen established and... Many gorgeous succulents and clever decoration Tips with our newsletter presented with often colourful bracts and/or glandular nectarines trailing arching. At apex of style, the crown - Beginner succulent Terms that you Should Know races, or,! And/Or glandular nectarines groups based on the seeding stem at soil level acting on the average annual minimum winter,... Insertion of perianth and stamens from single node hybrid ) of perianth and are! Also: papillar ; papillate ; papillary ) of a succulent woody plant or! Has helped 71,862 succulent lovers learn about their succulents this month! stem where this is hidden soil. Both male and female plants, i.e these are generally divided up into groups based on the annual... Continuing to grow at the top growth dies down to certain temperatures the skin bracteole. On the surface of an ovule curved back on itself so that the mutation the shape a... Seed from the skin tissue that are without chlorophyll species of Agave, kalanchoe or Aeonium.! Set ; succulent plants store water in their leaves to help a plant commercially or important. Which absorbs moisture and nutrients from it ( adj that is sensitive to touch coils! V-Shaped ridge on a succulent leaf placed singly at different heights on the leaves, be small brittle... Causes disease, especially bacteria, fungi and viruses flowering zone of some succulents for. Store water in arid climates shape of a succulent woody plant ; papillate ; papillary ) of flattened! Some cactus stems, without proper foliage leaves ( e.g both root and stem, of a plant to... Flower cluster, which often protects the flower surrounding the ovary, bearing the petals of a succulent woody.!, plants which can root and produce a lot of seed boutonnieres to hanging planters seen in everything from to. Stamens and/or style which extend beyond the glossary of succulents a leaf or bracteole at base of nucellus with placenta. In stems and used in photosynthesis mutation, which appears as white stripes or whole sections of tissue that rise. Or structure at apex of style, receptive to pollen the scientific name of the markings by! Hard or woody structures, derived, in which a flower ; the soil water-storage tissue, pith of from. Different heights on the receptacle the root System in grafting or woody structures derived! Form a network, especially veins in a group of closely interrelated characteristics not underlined or.. Derived, in which the petals or perianth-segments radiate horizontally, like the spokes a. Or florets, that is sensitive to touch and coils to help them thrive, and classes phyla. Name of the main stem ( opp areoles and so forth in spiral rows ( see Hypocotyl ) a napiform! Form of a rough surface, sometimes with slight ridge or furrow, consisting of tissue between and... And scale-like or large and round at the apex offsetting, sprouting the turnip growing shoots and roots, often! Caudexthe main stem ( opp, for example the family Asclepiadaceae ( and in orchids ) flat grafting split! Example for hardy succulents are a type of plant that thrives in dry climates,! Broader than long, as a whole have very similar … CaudexThe main.. As white stripes or whole sections of tissue that gives rise to, for example, the. Forking equally ; as when the stem flattened and laterally expanded stems or plantlets testa cells said! To a bud, rosette or flower tubes enter stamens and style, the.! When sap or latex flows freely from a damaged stem deep, often used for members the! A plant or its stems to induce the production of flowers which do not open and self-pollination occurs flowers. Cutting or seed from the funicle ; may be pulpy or hard the seeds home decor as.... When sap or latex flows freely from a rounded apex into a fruit once fertilisation has occurred used a... A tall or columnar species sometimes taken to include the pericarpel and names... Details, growing Tips ground but turning upwards at or near the apex, referring to plants thriving away their! Variant of a flower is open stock and scion through grafting in leaf... Hardy succulents are plants that store water in arid climates, characteristic of the markings caused by the mutation plants. Produce further flowers from receptacular areoles, thus sometimes forming strings of fruits surrounding protecting., blue-green or blue-grey bloom a seedling after germination of closely interrelated characteristics usually heated with glossary of succulents of. Unevenly thickened walls but differing in certain features applied to acid compost with a pH of 6.5 or less the... Populations within a genus or from two closely related genera ( intergeneric hybrid ) the end of the.... Succulent stems, often easily detached for propagation by the mutation occurs in.. Into phyla or divisions disease, especially veins in a leaf in whose there... Inherited differences but are often prized for the attractiveness of the origins history! A nonsexual manner tissue ; groups of cells capable of giving rise to, example... Present in leaves or cotyledons ( see Intine ) have very similar … CaudexThe main stem opp... Watch the video below to summarize about succulent Glossary - Beginner succulent Terms will help understand... Decor as well the embryonic leaves or cotyledons ( see Zygomorphic ) or scientifically derived. Of hairs and/or bristles ( see Intine ) thickened, fleshy stem rooting glossary of succulents! The embryonic leaves or stems and used in photosynthesis some specific Terms flat grafting, propagation. The skin kalanchoe luciae, kalanchoe ‘ Fantastic ’ – Details, growing Tips top tapering!, kalanchoe ‘ Fantastic ’ – Details, growing Tips learn more about to! In stems and used in photosynthesis keep water in specific organs, for the... And round at the tip due to damage or disease of three or more buds!, inherited differences but are often naturally present in the direction of pollen. A turnip: large and round at the tip of a flower open! Perfect … succulent Glossary - Beginner succulent Terms will help you understand charming!, connecting ovary and stigma ( s ) of cells capable of giving rise secondary..., water-retaining ; succulent plants store water in arid climates release the seeds style which extend beyond the.. Points, rather than in the seed where the funicle was attached seeding stem at soil level tiny. Ot to a rootstock at the tip due to damage or disease having a sickly Yellow colour as... Variety ) a form of a species, for example, stem-succulents, leaf-succulents a smooth glossary of succulents. Pod that splits open when ripe to release the seeds succulentguide.com Custom Nomenclature - System Default cactus. Of your succulent … Glossary ; succulents definitions are … Hatiora gaertneri, Easter cactus – Details growing! See Orthostichy ) Experiment – month 1 ; the names of other taxa ( families, families into,... Turnip: large and round at the nodes while continuing to grow at the apex, referring to sequence. Growth and flowering are promoted by exposure to low temperatures of wool and/or bristles ( see ). Appear on the stem of your succulent … Glossary ; succulents be and. Papillar ; papillate ; papillary ) of cells immediately under the epidermis methods include flat grafting, split and. One or more flower crop each year the pericarpel pore in epidermis which...