According to naturalism, the personality of the child disintegrates in the attempt for making it cultured and civilized. Naturalism is the philosophy that separates nature from God, subordinates spirit to matter and set up unchangeable laws as supreme. The teacher should understand about the child, his needs, interests etc. Education should aim at perfect development of individuality. It, however, asserts that Man is finite' and learning is necessary for a finite man. The aim of education according to realism is to give to the pupil a complete knowledge and understanding of human society human nature, motives and institutions. The highly developed natural curiosity of the human being, honed by natural selection, is the centerpiece for intellectual development and the mechanistic base for the philosophy of science. As a result it has failed to prepare the child for future life. Naturalist gives full freedom to the child to perform as well as learn whatever he likes. Moreover, naturalists assumes that the child has no knowledge of good and bad, but he suffers pain when he makes a mistake, and pleasure when he does something right. Self-preservation which means growth and development of both the body and the mind. And each one has different perspectives. According to him , the teaching process should not be difficult , rather it should be made easy as far as possible and children should get opportunities for contact with nature, experience reality directly and discover the process of learning themselves, instead of making them dependent on written word. Principle of life centeredness that means curriculum should relate with the life of the people. • More importance to scientific subjects. Naturalism as an educational philosophy advocates the concept that parents are the most natural teachers of the child. These are complex matters, involving philosophical questions concerning the aims and legitimate means of education and the nature of the human mind, the psychology of learning (and of teaching), the organizational (and political) demands of schooling, and a host of other matters to which social-scientific research is relevant. Like that aims of education are necessarily influenced by the philosophy of education. It is due to Rousseau that the need of sense training and physical activities in the earlier development of the child has been recognized in modern systems of education. Rousseau’s aim throughout is to show how a natural education, unlike the artificial and formal education of society, enables Émile to become social, moral, and rational while remaining true to his original nature. • No importance of teacher. Philosophy of Education Influences the Curriculum Realism in Education: Realism asserts that education is a preparation for life, for education equips the child by providing adequate training to face the crude realities of life with courage as he or she would perform various roles such as a citizen, a worker, a husband, a housewife, a member of the group, etc. Because existentialist educators believe there is no god or higher power, they encourage all students to create their own meaning of life. Demerits of naturalism • One sided and unsatisfying aims of education. Naturalism will like to see that the child is made to learn from nature in a natural way and realizes his potentialities. “One touch of nature makes the whole world kin.”  –William Shakespeare, Your email address will not be published. Realists do not believe in general and common aims of education. Download All Lessons of History East Africa Senior One $ 5; DOWNLOAD UNEB PRIMARY LEAVING EXAMINATIONS MATHEMATICS $ 5; Subscribe to New media revenue models and entrepreneurship $ 250 per 365 days; Meerut,INDIA We are born weak, we need strength; helpless, we need aid; foolish, we need reason. The standard of social good is constantly changing, so it should be tested and verified through changing experience. The curricular emphasis is subject matter of mind: literature, history, philosophy, and religion. Naturalism lays stress on solution for the present needs and problems of an individual and neglects his future needs and problems. So much emphasis is given on present needs which will avoid the preparation of the people for the future. Observation method where students observes their surrounding environment, peoples, things and learn from his observation. He believed that civilization… • Emphasis on present needs. What are the best methods of learning for a child? The child is good and pure at the time of birth. In naturalism efforts are made to develop personality of a child in order to make him a natural man. Further, it considers nature as the best teacher in whose company the child learns better because society is full of evils. So the child should be encouraged to learn with the nature. Naturalism ignores the spiritual world and considers the material world only. Particularly, nature is the Supreme teacher. In naturalism the teacher merely is an onlooker. Rousseau wanted men to be free from the bond age of society by education them not for citizenship but for manhood. Some naturalists consider man as a machine and they opine that the aim of education is to make the human machine as perfect and efficient as possible. Realism places great premium on Man and human endeavor, which it says, should be combined with science and common-sense. Thus, naturalists argue that natural laws control the structure and behavior of the natural universe. It gives the child a very important place in the educational process. Educational aims are correlated to ideals of life. The curriculum reflects the aims of education. Indeed education should enable a child to adapt with their environment. Nature is the ultimate reality. The key note of his philosophy was to have a “State of Nature, Natural man and Natural Civilization.” (Taneja, V. R. 2010, p. 105). It gives full freedom to the child so that they can learn whatever they want. Aims give direction to activities. According to them aims are specific to each individual and his perspectives. Principle of flexibility that seeks a flexible curriculum according to the need. Also it considers individual interests, aptitudes, inclination, needs and capacities while structuring the curriculum. Self government and self effort of students to learn by themselves. They follow different methods of teaching according to the interests, capacities and aptitude of the child. Naturalism and curriculum. Development: Naturalism believes that the chief aim of education is the fullest development of the child. It treats a child as child, and not as a adult. I n the absence of definite aims of education, all ed ucational plans and efforts may go astray and achieve nothing. Jean Jacques Rousseau Also teacher should behave sympathetically and affectionately towards the children. Rousseau, in his book ‘Emile’, advises to follow the nature. NATURALISM IN EDUCATION Dr V.K.MAHESHWARI , Ph.D Principal D.I.M.S. According to pragmatists the main focus of education is not social heritage of the past, but the good life in the present and in the future. It should aims at natural development of the child. The goal of education should be the full flowering of the human on this earth. There are no set and pre determined aims of education as well. All that we lack at birth, all that we need when we come to man's estate, is the gift of education. They supports science education and has no faith on soul. It serves as a mean to attain present as well as future happiness. Idealism in Education- Are you looking for Idealism in education PDF notes then you are in the right place. Nature centered study makes the child unsocial with no feeling of social service. Teacher should create and facilitate learning situations or environment so that students learns themselves. Education according to Nature: Education should not only be according to physical nature but also … Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) another modem naturalist, in his book ‘Education’ (1961) enumerated the following aims of education: 1. In this sense, the Ontological Naturalism Study with what exists , Stating that what controls the physical world is the natural laws, and that nothing that is no… They encourages negative education and discourages traditional teachings. It motivates the child to acquire more knowledge in natural environment. 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