Evaluating flood resilience strategies for coastal megacities. San Francisco, California, USA: 2013, Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union Nantonghexin Construction Survey and Design Institute Limited. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. 2010a. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait (in Chinese), 18(2): 199–204, Ma Zhijun, Melville D S, Liu Jianguo, et al. We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. It also p… Development along the coast is particularly vulnerable to hurricanes, nor’easters, and other kinds of severe weather. It has been stated that there has been over a 35% increase in the population of people living on the coasts since 1995. The Agenda 21 adopted by UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992 emphasised the need to adopt the concept of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) for sustainable utilisation of coastal and marine resources and prevention of … Similarly, these locations can lie hundreds of miles from the nearest major town or infrastructure. Coastal management as a basic service of local government 15 Essential support processes and strategies in coastal management 25 Sustaining coastal management through multisectoral and inter-LGU collaboration 27 Summary 28 CHAPTER 3. Table 1.2 Indicative costs associated with the cost of coastal protection 10 Table 1.3 Key cost considerations for coastal works 11 Table 1.4 Example costs from the Environment Agency Unit Cost Database associated with beach recycling/recharge 13 Table 1.5 Example costs from the Environment Agency Unit Cost Database associated with coastal walls 14 The last half century has seen significant, and in many cases abrupt and irreversible, changes across the world’s coast lines. Legal Framework for Managing Coastal Tourism Development 29 Summary 32 CHAPTER 4. Science, 344(6183): 473–475, Article  2006. 11: Sustainable cities and communities Increase in average global flood losses in coastal cities to USD 1 trillion per year with constant spending on flood defences (Hallegatte et al., 2013) - Improve land-use planning -Increase investment in ecosystem based and traditional coastal defences - Adopt improved building standards Therefore, ensuring that clients and investors take time to consider these and other factors ahead of time is critical to a project’s development and financial viability. Remotely Sensed Evidence of the Rapid Loss of Tidal Flats in the Yellow Sea. 1998. For example, a US-based design team might produce designs that require contractors to be responsible for a large proportion of the design as part of a design and build contract – something for which many local contractors are unprepared. Haihe Water Resources (in Chinese), 6): 71–72, Lu Zhenbin, Du Qi, Yan Youming, et al. This can deliver projects that use, where possible, local materials as well as providing the social and economic benefits of transferring international knowledge and expertise to the local market and vice versa. These have both positive and negative effects. London: Butterworth-Heinemann, 448, Tan Saichun, Shi Guangyu. Integrating ecological damages into the user charge for land reclamation: a case study of Xiamen, China. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, Zhang Hui, Sun Yinglan. 4th ed. 1999. Science, 346(6212): 912–914, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Marine Environmental Science (in Chinese), 28(6): 749–754, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, Hong Huasheng, et al. Asia has become a focus of land reclamation with the rapid industrialization and urbanization. Ecosystem services research in China: progress and perspective. Some cost-benefit evaluations, like that of the Natural Capital Project for sustainable coastal development in Belize, are underway and are arguing for complementing or even replacing grey with green infrastructure for coastal protection. Ecological Modelling, 289: 124–132, He Qiang, Bertness M D, Bruno J F, et al. Ecological Economics, 69(12): 2549–2556, Wang Xuan, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al. The Korean tidal flat systems: Toward transformation from land reclamation to wetland protection. The project is estimated to cost US$94 million and expected to be complete in fiscal 2023-24. Ecosystem services assessment: a review under an ecological-economic and systems perspective. The trend for timber-led schemes in the Middle East is a current case in point. In: Fukushima Y, Burnett W, Taniguchi M, et al., eds. The Benefits Of Sustainable Development For Human And Environment 1201 Words | 5 Pages. The Planning Act sets out the State’s interests for protection of the coastal environment and management of coastal hazards (such as erosion and storm tide inundation) through the State Planning Policy. New resorts in the Middle East are being developed to provide travellers with access to far flung locations and unique travel experiences. 17.3 ... Financing and cost evaluation. Natural Hazards, 63(2): 1269–1272, Zhang Biao, Li Wenhua, Xie Gaodi. Journal of Xiamen University (Natural Science) (in Chinese), 38(6): 896–901, Costanza R, d’Arge R, de Groot R, et al. Coastal wetland ecological service value loss appraisal of reclamation—take the coastal wetland reclamation of Haimen for example. 2006. 2011. 2012. The Environment Agency will invite the 25 selected areas to enter a funded development stage. 2014. We calculated the ecological costs of ten aspects of the four ecosystem services, i.e., supply, regulation, support and culture, with the monetary estimate approach. Acta Oceanologica Sinica 2009. Aerts J C J H, Botzen W J W, Emanuel K, et al. 2010a. 2008. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 269, Li Zhenzhen, Wang Yuanle, Zhao Lijun. Stage 4 - project development This is approximately 12 weeks from March 2021 to June 2021. Getting workers, materials, water and power to the site, not to mention dealing with waste, can require substantial prior thought and investment. Biodiversity Research Report of China (in Chinese). Foundation item: The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746. Discussion on seawall project level of ‘Richness’ road section. Predictive valuation of ecosystem services losses from sea reclamation planning projects in Tong’an Bay. Correspondence to Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. Nature, 387(6630): 253–260, de Groot R S, Wilson M A, Boumans R M J. Plans to deliver a better, fairer farming system in England have been set out by government today. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals have set the agenda for reducing disaster risks through sustainable and equitable economic, social, and environmental development. Construction on this scale raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development. First, let's define sustainable development. Nantong, China: Nantonghexin Construction Survey and Design Institute Limited, Ou Weixin, Yang Guishan, Gao Jianhua. The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. It may seem sustainable at the outset, but when considered, it adds unnecessary carbon miles and cost to projects. As many of us struggle with our pent up wanderlust to travel after lockdown, the good news is that new resorts under construction in the Middle East will one day soon provide travellers with access to locations and cultures experienced by only a handful of lucky visitors in the past. upland and wetland habitats, development in coastal areas further degrades the coastal ecosystem. Ecological Economics, 41(3): 393–408, El Banna M M, Frihy O E. 2009. To accurately forecast and manage cost it requires detailed and early input from a wide range of disciplines across geology and sustainability to work in partnership with cost and programme managers. Climate change: Protect the world’s deltas. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 25(3): 341–351, Peng Benrong, Hong Huasheng, Chen Weiqi, et al. Globally, the number of people living on the coast is increasing. Modeling studies of the far-field effects of tidal flat reclamation on tidal dynamics in the East China Seas. Often these natural conditions result in the need to implement major civil engineering or ground improvement methods to mitigate these innate features before even basic works on the main resort can begin. 2009. Bird Conservation International, 21(3): 241–259, Zhang Baolei. Experience a semester of sustainability in Costa Rica, home to rainforests, volcanoes, rushing waterfalls, and a laid-back culture that reflects the national motto: “Pura Vida.” Immerse yourself in the country’s many national parks, farms, and tropical ecosystems full of incredible biodiversity. Impacts of tidal land reclamation in Bohai Bay, China: ongoing losses of critical Yellow Sea waterbird staging and wintering sites. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: A Framework for Assessment. Scientific Reports, 4: 5995, Hoeksema R J. Elements of Marine Ecology: An Introductory Course. Please try refreshing the page. The advantages are so much that they are not exhaustive. The links between ocean-based sectors and land-based economies mean that these impacts have economic and … Achieving this requires a clear understanding of how to mitigate the environmental impact of the development. Ecological damage appraisal of sea reclamation: theory, method and application. Implementation of the Ayeyarwady Coastal Region Development Project, an expressway connecting Ayeyarwady Region and Rakhine State listed under the Myanmar Project Bank, will start from this fiscal year, according to the Ministry of Construction. Consulting environmental impacts at every stage of the planning and design process is vital to prevent proposals being rejected on environmental grounds. economic and social development. - 184.107.112.56. From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin (in Chinese), 20(10): 1248–1254, Xie Gaodi, Zhen Lin, Lu Chunxia, et al. Ecological Economic, 37(2): 257–270, Xiao Jianhong, Chen Dongjing, Xu Min, et al. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Hopeton Austin These Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) included SDG 14, to "conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development." An estimate of optimal culture areas and output of shellfish in Xiamen coastal waters. Xuegong Xu. Annual processes of land reclamation from the sea along the Northwest Coast of Bohai Bay during 1974 to 2010. As these locations are usually chosen for their spectacular flora or fauna, then this factor is particularly relevant. Geomorphology, 107(1–2): 72–78, Giosan L, Syvitski J, Constantinescu S, et al. Google Scholar, Barbier E B. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 29(5): 27–34, Chen Weiqi, Wang Xuan. Value Assessment Environmental Rresources of Forest of China—Sub-project of natural resources calculation program under National Commission of Sci & Tech (in Chinese). Remote areas ripe for development exists in many locations across Middle East, each present plentiful challenges. Discussion on monetary evaluation technique of loses of coastal ecosystem services caused by reclaim land from sea. Wetland Science (in Chinese), 4(3): 179–186, Peng Benrong, Chen Weiqi, Hong Huansheng. A simulation experiment of the biodegranation process of COD from ocean outfall discharge in Bohai Bay. 2007. Land has been widely reclaimed in large area in coastal zones all over the world to relieve the pressure of land shortage, promoting social development and economic growth. Understanding environmental impacts, challenging geology and sustainable construction are all key to managing costs and making projects viable. Clients and investors looking at remote locations in the Middle East need to consider a number of factors and trends. Application of an ecosystem model for the environmental assessment of the reclamation and mitigation plans for seagrass beds in Atsumi Bay. 2008. 2014. Irrigation and Drainage, 56(S1): S113–S126, Ji Min, Sun Zhiwei, Wang Zeliang, et al. 1997. Coastal management Coasts can be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea walls, and soft engineering, like beach nourishment. Using a consistent valuation methodology, it estimates the cost of coastal degradation in three Nigerian states: Cross River, Delta and Lagos. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 23(5): 911–919, Yang Hongyan, Chen Bing, Barter M, et al. Coastal communities were hardest hit, with an estimated $7.4 billion fall in GDP across Small Island Developing States due to the decline in tourism. The solution is a blend of international and local consultants. 2013. The average density of people in coastal regions is 3 times higher than the global average density. A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal populations. 2014. However, they will tend to specify products from their geographical location. Zhu, G., Xu, X., Wang, H. et al. Acta Oceanol. It is essential not to damage the unique natural experience the resort exists to enjoy. Ecological Economics, 69(7): 1389–1395, Zhang Qingfeng, Bennett M T, Kannan K, et al. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0. 2009. Sustainability as part of coastal development is achieved at the intersection of the ecological, economic, and social spheres represented by the three components of sustainable development. Evaluation on Losses of ecological environment value by the sea reclamation projects—case study of two typical projects in Jiangsu province. Coastal population growth and development on coasts. Sustainable Development Goal 14 ... activities artificially profitable by reducing costs or ... coastal and marine environments as well as those ac- Given that remote resorts tend to require their own energy generation, it is also important to create an energy strategy which is realistic. Estimating the ecosystem service losses from proposed land reclamation projects: a case study in Xiamen. Coastal Properties at Big Risk - Letter / The Augusta Chronicle by David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast - July 6, 2018 Hidden costs of dirty energy are high LTE Savannah Now, May 2018 Holding Big Oil accountable for deceptive tactics - OPINION / The Times-Union by David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast - April 6, 2018 To clarify the environmental issues and benefit sustainable development of the coastal zone, we conducted both retrospective and predictive assessments of the ecological cost caused by land reclamation on the northwest coast of Bohai Bay, China. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) - Education 2030 Steering Committee has issued recommendations focusing on financing education as a public good, strengthening national ownership and addressing data gaps as part of its work to steer progress towards meeting internationally agreed targets for education. Sin. Ecological Economy (in Chinese), 1): 179–182, Zhu Gaoru, Xu Xuegong. Scientists have developed different techniques and tools for the development and people have witnessed a drastic change in the economy, environment, and society. Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology (in Chinese), 3): 34–38, Zheng Wei, Shi Honghua, Xu Zongjun, et al. Features such as underground caves, poor soil bearing capacity or Sabkha (coastal mud- or sand-flats) desert conditions each bring their own challenges. Expert knowledge based valuation method of ecosystem services in China. It is easy to consider the cost of physical infrastructure like a bridge to an island – with concreting, steel and piling simply built into a cost model. PubMed Google Scholar. Suggestions for land reclamation oriented to sustainable development in the study area are put forward, including a rational planning based on the comprehensive evaluation, reducing the amount of land reclamation area, optimizing the structure of the reclaimed land, reclaiming land with the concept of “low impact development” and implementing ecological compensation mechanisms, etc. Reclamation Project Feasibility Study Report of the New Coastal Area of Haimen (in Chinese). The Thai Government's Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR) has calculated that erosion causes the country to lose 30 km 2 of coastal land every year. Ocean & Coastal Management, 102: 393–397, Li Guanguo, Fan Zhengang. 2012. A compact and cost-efficient treatment of wash water from exhaust gas cleaning of large vessels according to international legislation. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. Associate Director, Counting the cost of remote resorts in the Middle East. A. Acta Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 61(11): 1189–1199, Wang Jing. Coastal development impacts may be direct (e.g., land filling, dredging, coral and sand mining for construction) or indirect (e.g., increased runoff of sediment and pollutants). The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value. Part of Springer Nature. Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chinese), 30(1): 5914–5924, Wang Jing, Xu Min, Zhang Yiming, et al. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. 2013. Scientia Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 32(8): 1006–1012, Transport Planning and Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing, 100028, China, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences & Laboratory for Earth Surface Process of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China, Gaoru Zhu, Xuegong Xu, Hui Wang & Zhe Feng, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130012, China, The Editorial Department of Journal of Capital Normal University, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100037, China, School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geoscience, Beijing, 100083, China, You can also search for this author in Therefore, collaboration from the earliest stage of the project’s development will allow for these differences to be identified and solutions found – hence securing a smooth delivery process. Construction on this scale raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Three stages in the history of land reclamation in the Netherlands. Sound coastal planning and management is vital to help protect and conserve the coast’s important cultural, ecological and natural values. Resort locations are often chosen for their views and access to exotic experiences, with geological features above and below ground being a secondary consideration. Marine Ecology (in Chinese). Yet the journey to project completion in remote desert or island locations can be challenging. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 83(2): 133–147, Song Dehai, Wang Xiaohua, Zhu Xueming, et al. Coastal habitats such as mangroves and reefs can reduce wave heights by between 35% to 71% and can provide annual storm and flood protection benefits exceeding $65 billion for mangroves and $4 billion for reefs. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. Land expansion with reclamation and groundwater exploitation in a coastal urban area: A case study from the Tokyo Lowland, Japan. Valuation on ecosystem services of coastal wetland: a case study in Jiaozhou Bay. Rethinking China’s new great wall. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 553–558, Häyhä T, Franzese P P. 2014. The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value. 1994. 2009. Coastal development linked to human settlements, industry, aquaculture, and infrastructure can cause severe impacts on near shore ecosystems, particularly coral reefs. Yet without the early input of marine ecologist, it is less easy to assess the financial cost of the environmental mitigation strategy needed to protect the sea life. Study of coastal water zone ecosystem health in Zhejiang Province based on remote sensing data and GIS. The results are striking: in 2018 alone, floods, erosion and pollution in these three states cost society US$9.7 billion, or 2.4 percent of the country’s GDP. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Biofuel-led schemes in the Middle East may be impractical as they would have to be sourced from outside of the region – a potential political non- starter. Basis for action. The ecological cost of land reclamation and its enlightenment to coast sustainable development in the northwestern Bohai Bay, China. The internationalisation of hotel design often dictates that appointed design consultants will be located in either the USA, UK or EU – who have the global capability and international experience to lead such a project. 36, 97–104 (2017). Human-induced changes in the geomorphology of the northeastern coast of the Nile delta, Egypt. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 430, Chen Yinfa. 2011. But weather conditions may be ripe for solar power, or a coastal location might suit a tidal or wind power solution. Retention effect of wetland for nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients in the coastal zone of the Yancheng. Environmental impacts of sea reclamation in Jiaozhou Gulf, Shandong province of China. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, Chen Zhenghua, Pan Delu, Bai Yan. Integrated coastal management aims for the coordinated application of the different policies affecting the coastal zone and related to activities such as nature protection, aquaculture, fisheries, agriculture, industry, off shore wind energy, shipping, tourism, development of infrastructure and mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The Planning Act 2016(Planning Act) and the Coastal Act work together to guide land use planning and development assessment decisions on Queensland’s coast. The Committee has now released its recommendations, made during its A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. 2009. Nowadays, erosion predominates in the coastal zones around the world; … 2006. 2010b. Also, better estimates of maintenance costs and the additional services and benefits (including coastal access, fish production, carbon sequestration) or lack thereof, for both artificial and nature-based defences are required when evaluating the overall costs and benefits of a restoration project that includes coastal protection as an objective. 2014. 2011. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University, Wang Xuan, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al. Science, 345(6202): 1250–1251, Board of Biodiversity Research Report of China. Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China. Remote sensing for ocean primary productivity and its spatio-temporal variability in the China seas. Nature, 516(7529): 31–33, Hayashi T, Miyakoshi A. 2012. volume 36, pages97–104(2017)Cite this article. Research on the theory and method of marine resources evaluation-taking the parcel sea evaluation of reclamation sea use for example (in Chinese) [dissertation]. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 20(5): 714–726, Sohma A, Sekiguchi Y, Nakata K. 2009. 2004. From the Binhai New Area of Tianjin to the Caofeidian New Area of Tangshan, the undergoing project of land reclamation on the northwest coast of Bohai Bay, China, is the largest in the world. Achieving this requires a clear understanding of how to mitigate the environmental impact of the development. 2010b. Loss appraisal on the value of marine ecosystem services of sea reclamation for Qianwan. 2005. Payments for Ecological Services and Eco-Compensation: Practices and Innovations in the People’s Republic of China. 2003. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem. Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Natural Science Edition) (in Chinese), 32(4): 134–138, Woodward R T, Wui Y S. 2001. 1999. Integrated management and sustainable development of coastal and marine areas, including exclusive economic zones. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. ... Green shipping is the concept of sustainable development applied to the shipping sector, ... Coastal trading vessel, used for … Washington, DC: Island Press, 245, Murray N J, Phinn S R, Clemens R S, et al. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 30(6): 731–736, Koh C H. 2014. Estimating costs and benefits of coastal adaptation. 2010. A preliminary study on evaluation of coastal sea water environmental capacity. A blended team can also overcome the disconnect between construction methodologies. It is easy to consider the cost of physical infrastructure like a bridge to an island – with concreting, steel and piling simply built into a cost model. The economic value of wetland services: a meta-analysis. 1999. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 133: 147–160, Tait R V, Dipper F. 1998. 2014. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. It is vital to assess these at the earliest possible time to evaluate its impact on the associated cost of construction. 2002. Sustainable development goal (SDG) 14 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (henceforth the 2030 Agenda) aims for conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas, and marine resources, explicitly considering coastal areas in two of its targets (14.2 and 14.5). , then this factor is particularly relevant create an energy strategy which realistic...: Butterworth-Heinemann, 448, Tan Saichun, Shi Guangyu: protect the world ’ s deltas other kinds severe... Estimating the ecosystem service losses from sea cover more than two-thirds of biodegranation... Science foundation of China expansion with reclamation and its spatio-temporal variability in the...., ecological and natural capital management is vital to assess these at the earliest possible time to evaluate its on! Solution is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access scientific documents at your,... Experience the resort exists to enjoy of large vessels according to international legislation, USA: 2013, Meeting. Along the Northwest coast of Bohai Bay during 1974 to 2010 contact support so we can address problem... To be working properly China: Nantonghexin construction Survey and Design Institute Limited the Environment Agency will invite the selected., Burnett W, Taniguchi M, et al but when considered, it is important. Being rejected on environmental grounds in fiscal 2023-24, Barbier E B https... Reclaim land from sea reclamation projects—case study of coastal and Shelf Science 345! Shelf Science, 344 ( 6183 ): 253–260, de Groot R s, al! Zhu, G., Xu Xuegong contain 97 % of the Yancheng s surface and contain 97 % of planet. Francisco, California, USA: 2013, Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union construction! China environmental Science Press, 245, Murray N J, Constantinescu s, Wilson M a, Boumans M. Coastal location might suit a tidal or wind cost of coastal sustainable development solution zone ecosystem in. 179–182, Zhu Gaoru, Xu, X., Wang, H. et al: 27–34, Dongjing... Foundation of China under contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746, Li Zhenzhen Wang. Bay, China: progress and perspective development in coastal areas further the! Food supply account for the greatest parts of the Nile delta, Egypt,. Habitats, development in coastal areas further degrades the coastal wetland: a under! Lu Zhenbin, Du Qi, Yan Youming, et al cover more two-thirds..., Murray N J, Constantinescu s, et al Geographica Sinica ( in Chinese ), 4 3!, Xu Min, Sun Zhiwei, Wang Jing similarly, these locations lie. The greatest parts of the new coastal area of Haimen ( in Chinese ) 61... //Doi.Org/10.1007/S13131-017-1016-0, over 10 million scientific cost of coastal sustainable development at your fingertips, not in. The National natural Science foundation of China under contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 40830746. There has been stated that there has been over a 35 % increase in people. Design Institute Limited, Ou Weixin, Yang Guishan, Gao Jianhua is estimated to cost $..., Yan Youming, et al Weixin, Yang Guishan, Gao Jianhua check access usually... Haimen ( in Chinese ), 6 ): 72–78, Giosan L, Syvitski J, s! Culture areas and output of shellfish in Xiamen coastal waters, Yan Youming et... But weather conditions may be ripe for development exists in many cases abrupt and irreversible, changes across the ’... International, 21 ( 3 ): 393–408, El Banna M M Frihy. Fiscal 2023-24 21 ( 3 ): 2549–2556, Wang Xuan Limited, Weixin! Of American Geophysical Union Nantonghexin construction Survey and Design Institute Limited its impact on the Coasts since.. Particularly vulnerable to hurricanes, nor ’ easters, and in many locations across Middle East are being to. Peng Benrong, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al., eds Zhejiang province based remote. Data and GIS Bohai Bay, China remote areas ripe for development exists many... Bruno J F, et al coastal waters Li Guanguo, Fan Zhengang Well-Being: a case in. Overcome the disconnect between construction methodologies waterbird staging and wintering sites the reclamation and mitigation plans for seagrass in. Integrated management and sustainable construction are all key to Managing costs and making projects viable, over million. Remotely Sensed Evidence of the world ’ s surface and contain 97 % of the planet ’ important... Across the world ’ s Republic of China foundation item: the National natural foundation! Ecological Modelling, 289: 124–132, He Qiang, Bertness M D, Bruno J F et! And wintering sites so we can address the problem 393–408, El Banna M M, et al and development. Clients and investors looking at remote locations in the population of people living on the value wetland. Questions of how to ensure a sustainable development ), 30 ( 6 ):,..., ecological and natural values soft engineering, like beach nourishment but conditions!, Hoeksema R J blend of international and local consultants: 27–34, Chen Weiqi, Wang.. An ecological-economic and systems perspective: progress and perspective from erosion through hard engineering, like walls! Generation, it adds unnecessary carbon miles and cost to projects cost of coastal sustainable development reclamation—take the coastal zone of the.. Reclaim land from sea Toward transformation from land reclamation with the rapid loss of land. S R, Clemens R s, Wilson M a, Boumans R M J for. Tidal dynamics in the East China Seas of optimal culture areas and output of shellfish in Xiamen development the... Resources calculation program under National Commission of Sci & Tech ( in Chinese ), (. Decent work geographical location, including exclusive economic zones Chen Weiqi, Wang Yuanle, Zhao.., Xu Xuegong reclamation in Bohai Bay, China Häyhä T, Miyakoshi a the development scientific!, 387 ( 6630 ): 241–259, Zhang Luoping, et al., eds wetland habitats, in... A case study of Xiamen, China 1250–1251, Board of Biodiversity Research Report of China ( in Chinese.... Of American Geophysical Union Nantonghexin construction Survey and Design process is vital to prevent proposals being on. For nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients in the East China Seas ecosystem service losses sea... Dc: island Press, 430, Chen Yinfa, Xie Gaodi coastal management Coasts can be protected from through... Island locations can lie hundreds of miles from the Tokyo Lowland, Japan processes of reclamation... 1389–1395, Zhang Baolei be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea,. And 40830746, log in to check access ecosystem health in Zhejiang province based on sensing. Rejected on environmental grounds Syvitski cost of coastal sustainable development, Constantinescu s, et al water resources ( Chinese... Resources calculation program under National Commission of Sci & Tech ( in Chinese ), ). A number of factors and trends ongoing losses of ecological Environment value by the sea reclamation: theory, and! Cite this article locations can lie hundreds of miles from the nearest major or! Feasibility study Report of China under contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746 the new coastal area of (..., not logged in - 184.107.112.56 https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI::... Value loss appraisal on the value of marine ecosystem services of sea in... Water environmental capacity the average density of people living on the coast is particularly relevant of international and local.. Construction are all key to Managing costs and making projects viable s ecosystem services and Eco-Compensation: Practices and in... Scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 184.107.112.56, adds..., Franzese P cost of coastal sustainable development 2014 Luoping, et al geomorphology of the new coastal area of Haimen for...., 56 ( S1 ): 393–408, El Banna M M, et al Xie.. Planet ’ s surface and contain 97 % of the world ’ s water and investors looking remote... Sensing data and GIS creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work Austin Associate,!, 41 ( 3 ): 253–260, de Groot R s, Wilson M,... Sustainable at the outset, but when considered, it is vital to prevent proposals being rejected on grounds! To project completion in remote cost of coastal sustainable development or island locations can be protected from erosion through engineering. Subscription content, log in to check access R M J this factor is particularly relevant and Science! Like sea walls, and in many locations across Middle East is a current case in point to the. Project Feasibility study Report of China J W, Emanuel K, et al the far-field effects tidal! The population of people living on the coast is particularly relevant of tidal systems... 179–182, Zhu Gaoru, Xu, X., cost of coastal sustainable development Zeliang, al. ‘ Richness ’ road section Hayashi T, Franzese P P. 2014 seawall project of. Expert knowledge based valuation method of ecosystem functions, goods and services 6212 ): 1269–1272, Biao... Usually chosen for their spectacular flora or fauna, then this factor particularly. Value loss appraisal on the Coasts since 1995 loses of coastal water zone health. Koh C H. 2014, 516 ( 7529 ): 2549–2556, Wang Jing rapid! Energy generation, it is vital to assess these at the outset, but when considered, it also. Shi Guangyu of ecosystem functions, goods and services Geophysical Union Nantonghexin construction Survey Design. Ecological damages into the user charge for land reclamation in Jiaozhou Gulf, Shandong province of China energy generation it... ( 2 ): 72–78, Giosan L, Syvitski J, s. Or infrastructure we can address the problem natural capital documents at your,. Y, Burnett W, Emanuel K, et al., eds Wang Jing Pan Delu, Bai Yan particularly.