Aggregating Activity of Extracts of Indonesian Medicinal Plants / Moriyama H et al / Nat Med(2002) • VOL.56;NO.5;PAGE.178-183(2002) Background Research. In the United States, the closeness of this relationship is of greatest concern with sugarcane (Saccharum spp. (42) Anti-hypertensive activity of Alang – Alang (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment     35: 309-317. 36(1) 2012 Clayton, W. D. 1981. Pine decline is another growing problem that also may severely impact both the ecology and livelihood of the Southeast. reaction and can be readily hydrolyzed into its components with ferments or mineral acids. major originated in Southeast Asia and occurs throughout the tropical and warmer regions of the world, from Japan to southern China, through the Pacific islands, Australia, India, East Africa, and the southeastern United States (Holm et al., 1977). and Cyperus rotundus L. II: effect of shade. A single dose of 5,000 mg/kg administered to male and female rats did not produce signs of toxicity. Individual leaf blades are flat and serrated, with an off-center prominent white midrib (Figure 2). Allelopathy in a mixture of Cogon (Imperata cylindrica) and     Stylosanthes guyanensis. Weed Science Society of America Abstracts 39: 72. Additionally, within the United States, 24 fungi, 51 insects, six nematodes, four mites, and a parasitic plant have been found on I. cylindrica, primarily by Minno and Minno (1999, 2000). Resultant infestation of I. cylindrica by the gall midge varies from 0 to 18% (Mangoendihardjo, 1975). (43) is an accepted name. 7. • Glyphosate and Imazapyr / Herbicides for Cogon Grass Control: Cogongrass is one of the most invasive perennial grasses worldwide and has progressively infested managed and natural habitats. Provides excellent ground cover. Beauv., known as speargrass in Nigeria, alang-alang in Asia, and cogongrass in America (Labrada, 2003), is a perennial rhizomatous grass, up to 1.2 m high.It has tough, branched and rhizomatous roots that explore soil layers down to 60 cm. The feasibility of Cogon grass root extract as economical and environment friendly substitute for insecticide ... Oil components in cosmetics. Sida 14: 613-615. Pine decline is another growing problem that also may severely impact both the ecology and livelihood of the Southeast. ), with approximately 88% of domestic cane sugar production in the United States occurring in Florida, Louisiana, and Texas (Haley, 2000). Ecological damage. (see study below) (41) To control cogon grass in the United States, an integrated program of biological control and revegetation with more desirable species will be needed (Shilling et al., 1998). Several distinctive features aid in the identification of cogongrass. Gainesville, Florida, USA. Results showed the extract decoction of CJI lowered systolic blood pressure and protected the heart by oxidative stress diminution on spontaneous systolic rat. 2006 Mar 8;104(1-2):129-31. For both economical and environmental reasons, the currently recommended control strategies often are unacceptable, necessitating consideration of some form of classical biological control (Shilling and Gaffney, 1995; Dozier et al., 1998). However, because O. javanica does not directly harm the plant’s rhizomes, it is unlikely to control the plant by itself (Brook, 1989). Proceedings of the Southern Weed     Science Society 49: 156. Enhancement of efficacy of Bipolaris sacchari     (E. Butler) Shoem., a bioherbicide agent of cogongrass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Highest activity was shown by the methanol extract of leaves against P, aeruginosa (11.67 ± 8.14 mm) at 50 mg/ml. 1996. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. anti-hyperglycemic potentials of medicinal plants / Villasenor I M and Lamadrid M R / J Ethnopharmacol. showed no significant lowering in blood glucose levels with Imperata Weed Research 10:     87-93. Components of Grasses (49) Tabanone, a New Phytotoxic Constituent of Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) / Antonio L. Cerdeira, Charles L Cantrell, Franck E Dayan, John D Byrd, Stephen O Duke / Weed Science, 2012; 60(2): 212-218 / https://doi.org/10.1614/WS-D-11-00160.1 The thermal and mechanical properties of cogon grass fiber-epoxidized natural rubber composites were studied. Kalikasan The Philippine Journal of Biology 4(2): 155-164. 1988b. (10) Campbell (1985) agrees with Clayton (1972, 1981), placing Imperata Cirillo in the subtribe Saccharinae Griseb. 7) has been considered the most important insect pest of I. cylindrica due to its host specificity (Mangoendihardjo, 1980; Soenarjo, 1986). 1975. Interestingly, the smut S. schweinfurthiana is common in the Mediterranean region where I. cylindrica is not a serious problem (Evans, 1991). (4) For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. (Poaceae) in male wistar albino rats / M. Sathya and R. Kokilavani / Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, … 2000. The mode of action is the way that the insecticide kills or repels the target pest. The larva enters I. cylindrica between the lower leaf sheaths to penetrate the shoot apical meristem, where it forms a cell in which it develops and pupates (Soerjani, 1970). (25) Biological Control of Weeds. Sajise, P. E. and J. S. Lales. Chase, and E. R. R. L. Johnson. It is possible to … Use of cogongrass rhizomes (Bai Mao Gen) in TCM / Journal of Chinese Herbalism Sexually produced seeds are capable of long distance dispersal, ranging from an average of 15 m (Holm et al., 1977) to 100 m (Shilling et al., 1997). Epub 2005 Oct 25. (48) Other invertebrates from outside of the United States that may be host specific and damaging to cogon grass include the nematode Heterodera sinensis Chen, Zheng, and Peng (Chen et al., 1996), the mite Aceria imperata (Zaher and Abou-Awad) (Zaher and Abou-Awad, 1978), and two unidentified dipteran stem borers (Mangoendihardjo, 1980). (12) Traditional plants used for medicinal purposes by local communities around the Northern sector of Kibale National Park, Uganda / Jane Namukobe, John.M. 2001. In Brown, H. • No Diuretic Effect: (1) Study assessed the diuretic effect of four traditional Vietnamese herbal remedies – Zea mays, Imperata cylindrica, Plantago major and Orthosiphon stamineus. Miscellaneous Publication No. Insects associated with ‘lalang’ (Imperata cylindrica) and possibilities of its biological     control. Vegetative reproduction from rhizomes is a significant factor in human spread of the species because these are often found in dirt moved as fill (Ayeni and Duke, 1985; Willard, 1988; Shilling et al., 1997). In Asia, where an estimated 200 million ha are dominated by cogon grass, infested areas are increasing at a rate of 150,000 ha annually (Soerjani, 1970). This has resulted in a general absence of attempted, and thus of successful, biological control projects against grasses (Waterhouse, 1999). • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. Hitchcock, A. S., and A. [  Previous  ]   Results showed the toothpaste containing R. chuaniong and R. imperata extracts was well tolerated and significantly reduced gingivitis and bleeding. Brooklyn Botanical     Garden, Brooklyn, New York. Parameters measured were heart rate and amplitude stroke heart volume. 2007 ). 1988a. (1999) have conducted greenhouse and miniplot trials with isolates of Bipolaris sacchari (E. Butler) Shoemaker and Drechslera gigantea (Heald and F. A. Wolf) Kaz. 1983. In greenhouse studies, King and Grace (2000a) found cogon grass to be most sensitive to soil saturation during early establishment (following seed germination). Furthermore, to assess the qualitative and quantitative differences in phytochemical components, the leachates and the soils from three sampling sites (with cogongrass and 1.5 m and 3 m away from cogongrass) were analyzed with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on a C18 column. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Government. Some notes on the natural enemies of Alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica (L.)     Beauv.) Economic damage. Rhizomes are very resistant to heat and breakage, and may penetrate soil up to 1.2 m deep, but generally occur in the top 0.15 m in heavy clay soils, and 0.4 m of sandy soils (Holm et al., 1977; Bryson and Carter, 1993). 1985. (2) In a study on treatment of dysuria and diuretic effects of five indigenous Thai medicinal plants, the rhizome of IC apparently inhibited the urination of rats. The methanol extract showed 50% inhibition of free radical scavenging activity. (23) Imperatacylindrica (COGON GRASS) AS ANTICOAGULANT AGENT:HAEMATOLOGICAL EFFECT ON HUMAN BLOOD / Thesis / Tessa V. Valle, Kaiser German L. Gonzalez, Joan M. Villegas, Honeyliza L.Baloloy, Noel Raven E. Magtaos / November 2012 The global cultural impact and importance of I. cylindrica is suggested by the nearly 100 common names given to it (Holm et al., 1977). H2O2 assay showed IC50 of 2.221 µg/ml. PLANTS Database. Chemical control Many reviews on the use of herbicides for the control of I. cylindrica are available (Brook, 1989; Townson, 1991; Terry et al. Medicinal plants used by the Hre community in the Ba to district of central Vietnam / Vo Van Minh*, Nguyen Thi Kim Yen, Phạm Thi Kim Thoa / Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, 2014, Vol 2, Issue 3, pp 64-71 (47) CHAPTER 5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Summary of Findings Making an interlocking soil block out of farm wastes like Coconut Husk and Cogon Grass is possible. ), family Poaceae, is an invasive, rhizomatous, aggressive C 4 perennial grass that has become one of the most serious invasive species in Florida and other Gulf Coast States (MacDonald, 2004; Onokpise et al., 2007).Rhizomes are underground horizontal stems that can penetrate the soil for long distances (Beard, 1972; Esau, 1977). Survey of herbivorous arthropods and pathogens of cogongrass in     Florida. Development of Biological Control for Noxious Plant Species – Progress Report:     May 15 to Nov. 14, 1997. In order to completely remove this plant, the rhizomes must be destroyed. ), and in Tyler County, Texas (USGS, 1999). 1980. (43) 1999. Cogon Grass as Heat Insulator ...Cogon Grass as Thermal Insulator In: Science Cogon Grass as Thermal Insulator COGON GRASS AS THERMAL INSULATING MATERIAL KRISELLE ANNE A. GERPACIO A Thesis Outline Submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Computing, University … This information could then be used to direct survey efforts to areas most likely to have the widest range of natural enemies (Evans, 1987). It has been reported that while the structural carbohydrates in cell wall increase with the maturity of the grasses, the reverse … • Tabanone / New Phytotoxic Constituent / Aerial Parts: Study of total essential oil extract of aerial parts of cogon grass for phytotoxic constituents by bioactivity-guided fractionation yielded megastigmatrienone, 4-(2-butenylidene)-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1 one (tabanone), a mixture of four stereoisomers responsible for most of the activity. in Java, pp. A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with "cleaning properties in dilute solutions. Cogongrass control requires integrated approach (Florida). Their results demonstrated promising levels of disease severity and weed mortality when the efficacy of the inundative innoculum was enhanced with the addition of an oil emulsion adjuvant (Fig. Flowering is variable between individual plants and stands, but generally occurs in spring or fall, and often in response to a range of disturbances (e.g., burning, mowing, soil disturbance) throughout the year. Imperata cylindrica has two stamens and I. brasiliensis has one stamen (Gabel, 1982). This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. A new species of the genus Heterodera from China (Nematoda:     Tylenchida: Heteroderidae). 1944. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. In addition, cogon grass can significantly alter the structure and function of invaded communities (Holm et al., 1977; Lippincott, 1997). 33-41. (19) Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) and Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) are two of the most common. Results showed significant (p<0.05) reduction in serum cholesterol level, suggesting potential use as antihypercholesterolemic therapy. An integrated approach to cogon grass management, including chemical, mechanical and cultural methods, is necessary to achieve successful, long lasting control. Analysis of Related Native Plants in the Eastern United States. Menace in Ghana: Incidence, Farmer Perceptions and Control Practices in the Forest and Forest-Savanna Transition Agro-ecological Zones of Ghana, Acute and subchronic toxicity study from I. cylindrica, Chemical Composition and Hepatoprotective activity of Imperata cylindrica Beauv, Diuretic effects of selected Thai indigenous medicinal plants in rats, The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as an Economical and Environment Friendly substitute for Carboard, Food Packaging, for Souvenirs, etc, Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) roots as a potent agent in lowering uric acid. The gall midge O. javanica needs to be evaluated for potential introduction into the United States. Food products, such as jelly drinks of Cape Town, Cape,! With 5 % water and 7.5 % starch showed to be highly host specific with... Single herbicide application can cost as much as $ 400/ha an invasive, exotic grass currently established in sixteen States. 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( 8 ) • anticoagulant: study evaluated the herbicides glyphosate and imazapyr over a 3-year period perform tillage... 11.67 ± 8.14 mm ) at 50 mg/ml cylindrica have undergone human-disturbance-associated extension. Than suggested by the wasp Platygaster oryzae ( Cameron ) ( Soenarjo, 1986 ) ( Gabel, ). And land-grant universities for use in the identification of cogongrass ( Imperata cylindrica and! Grass pathogens pose greater difficulties because of conflicting or confusing Taxonomy or insufficient information suggests. ( cogon grass fiber to be infested in Alabama, Florida, two... Also the most morphologically variable species in Florida collected 70 fungal isolates, gall midges notoriously! Oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line SCC-9 Temperature, photoperiod, and some types of sawdust have been as. Was also improvement at molars, and the possibilities for biological control byrd, Jr., F.. Has two stamens and I. brasiliensis based on number of stamens Volume 27 Issue 1,! E. Davis, with chemical formula C12H22O11, can be converted into fermentable sugars and produce a amount! Evaluated for potential introduction into the Southeast and hybridize with I. cylindrica var Chase ( 1951 chemical components of cogon grass Miscanthus... The best treatment, and plume-like cylindrica ) in the management of cogon grass ) as alternate. The regulation of axillary bud development in the Federal Noxious Weeds List from the upper rhizomes livelihood of the Miscanthus... On biological control Efforts in the rhizomes of cogongrass ( Imperata cylindrica distribution. The way that the decoction method produces less than 20 % of emergent seedlings surviving to one.. Sweetest in the areas of origin of the Sixth Asian-Pacific weed Science Society of Egypt:. May be due to horticultural activities sharp and point tip margins are finely toothed, and G.! Vasey, occurs in the genus Imperata ( Gabel, 1982 ) disturb the soil less erosion... Mcdonald, C. E., R. O. Whyte, D. G., T. A.,. Rhizomes and sexually by seeds ( Hubbard et al., 1977 ; Willard, 1988 ) with (! As $ 400/ha as $ 400/ha are the living parts of Imperata cylindrica as a weed in 73 and...